Top Scoops

Book Reviews | Gordon Campbell | Scoop News | Wellington Scoop | Community Scoop | Search


Stateside: Speaking With Webbed Tongue

Stateside With Rosalea Barker

Speaking With Webbed Tongue

During the past fortnight, I have had a couple of chances to interact with the Internet in (for me) new ways. The first was during the Democratic presidential candidate debate in Pennsylvania, from which former Alaska Senator Mike Gravel was banned. No matter! He set himself up in a café across the street from the university where the televised debate was held and used a DVR (digital video recorder), a video projector, and an online streaming website to decode and debunk de debate for viewers.

Click for big version

A screenshot showing the stage setup in the café, with the MSNBC feed projected at the back on a screen, and the online chat community’s comments. No, the one quoting “Flight of the Conchords” wasn’t me!

Once the debate began, Gravel came out on stage and during the course of the debate often asked the techies to pause the DVR while he explained the political games that were being played by both the questioners and the candidates. The funniest moment came when the DVR was restarted from a paused Obama reply and somehow stuck in slo-mo, so that the Illinois Senator’s voice was deep and slow and scary. The techs quickly fixed that technical glitch but later when Barack was asked another question and answered at normal speed, the chatroom erupted in calls for Obama to “use your devil voice again!”

Predictably, the chatpanel on the website soon filled up with spammers and someone suggested going over to another website that was streaming the video, but where there were only a couple dozen viewers. (At the point I left, over a thousand viewers were online there, most of them not spammers.)

Click for big version

Screenshot of the Orange County (California) WebTV chatroom, where you could also leave voice comments.

A week or so later, I noticed there would be a webchat on the State Department’s USINFO website as part of the series it is doing about the US Presidential elections. These webchats are for people living in foreign countries to better become acquainted with the American way of life. They are also useful for foreigners resident in the US. For instance, the upcoming chat about Thanksgiving will be a chance for teachers of English as a second language to have their students participate in live online conversations in English.

I was able to ask a couple of questions of Paul DeGregorio, who, “from 2003-2007 was the United States’ chief election official”, according to the front page of the webchat. This former Chair of the Election Assistance Commission, which was established by the Help America Vote Act of 2002, is now the Chief Operating Officer of Everyone Counts, a company that promotes Internet voting.

Excerpted below are the two questions I asked and his answers.

Q [rosalea]: The typical US ballot is far more complex than ones in countries that have a parliamentary democracy, where typically you are voting to elect just one representative and there are no bond issues or constitution changes or referenda on the ballot. Also, those countries usually have a government department that is charged with running elections and has a budget for it. How does the US system, where counties and states are the level at which voting is paid for, cope with all the complexities within tight budgets and timelines?

A: U.S. election officials have traditionally had a difficult time securing enough fund and support to run their offices. When I was Director of Elections in St. Louis County, Missouri, USA in the late 80s and early 90s, I had to make a lot of noise to get more funds. It's quite different today due to the 2000 USA presidential election. Government officials pay more attention and Congress did allocate $3 billion dollars in federal dollars for election reform for the states, a first in the nations' history. However, compared to some countries I have seen, the USA still lags behind in its funding of election administration. By the way, Switzerland has a very complex parliamentary ballot. In the Bern canton (state), where I observed the process, voters could write in up to 26 names (some of them twice) on a ballot paper that had to be checked by hand twice and then each of the 26 votes (per person that is) entered into a computer software program as a data entry by hand. It took 2 days to count relatively few ballots.


Q [rosalea]: Thank you for your answer to my earlier question, especially with the example you gave of the Swiss ballot counting. You say it took 2 days to count relatively few ballots, but I notice that each ballot was counted by hand twice and even though there was data entry, the ballot each person wrote upon would be the record used for a recount. Is it possible to count optical scan ballots in the same way and then use the computer reading of them for a recount only? I know there is a lot of concern that any sort of computer-tallied results occur out of sight inside a black box, and perhaps people would prefer to wait for a result they feel they can trust.

A: Counting paper ballots by hand is not as precise as you think it is. In my Swiss example, I noticed (by personal observation) people making mistakes in the count. Yes, most of these mistakes were probably caught in the second count, but perhaps not all. I have seen worn-out election workers, some who count paper ballots right after the polls close and some who count them the next day after a good nights sleep get frustrated by mistakes and inconsistent counts and decide to split the difference when their teams cannot reach agreement on the same stack of ballots. In the USA as you know, we are use to getting election results immediately. Any delays raise suspicions that votes are being changed and manipulated. Counting ballots by hand, especially in a presidential election, would take weeks if not months. And mistakes no doubt will be made in the count and magnified by the media. People will wonder why we didn't fix the system. Don't get me wrong, I am of the school that it's much more important to be accurate and complete, then issue incomplete or vote totals that may be in question. Unfortunately, election officials are pressured by the media to issue "unofficial" results, which can change the winner when absentee and additional votes are added to the totals days after the election (as is the case in California).

The full transcript can be clicked through to from


© Scoop Media

Top Scoops Headlines


Dunne Speaks: Can ACT's Dream Run Continue?

By most reckonings the ACT Party has had a very successful political year. Not only has its expanded Parliamentary team settled in well to its work, without controversy or scandal, but its leader has gained in community respect, and the party’s support, at least according to the public opinion polls, has increased sharply... More>>

Keith Rankin: Basic Universal Income And Economic Rights
"Broad growth is only going to come when you put money in the hands of people, and that's why we talk about a Universal Basic Income". [Ritu Dewan, Indian Society of Labour Economics]. (From How long before India's economy recovers, 'Context India', Al Jazeera, 31 Oct 2021.) India may be to the 'Revolution of the twenty-first century' that Russia was to the 'Revolution of the twentieth century'... More>>

Binoy Kampmark: Foreseeable Risk: Omicron Makes Its Viral Debut
It has been written about more times than any care to remember. Pliny the Elder, that old cheek, told us that Africa always tended to bring forth something new: Semper aliquid novi Africam adferre. The suggestion was directed to hybrid animals, but in the weird pandemic wonderland that is COVID-19, all continents now find themselves bringing forth their types, making their contributions. It just so happens that it’s southern Africa’s turn... More>>

Gasbagging In Glasgow: COP26 And Phasing Down Coal

Words can provide sharp traps, fettering language and caging definitions. They can also speak to freedom of action and permissiveness. At COP26, that permissiveness was all the more present in the haggling ahead of what would become the Glasgow Climate Pact... More>>

Globetrotter: Why Julian Assange’s Inhumane Prosecution Imperils Justice For Us All

When I first saw Julian Assange in Belmarsh prison, in 2019, shortly after he had been dragged from his refuge in the Ecuadorean embassy, he said, “I think I am losing my mind.”
He was gaunt and emaciated, his eyes hollow and the thinness of his arms was emphasized by a yellow identifying cloth tied around his left arm... More>>

Dunne Speaks: Labour's High Water Mark
If I were still a member of the Labour Party I would be feeling a little concerned after this week’s Colmar Brunton public opinion poll. Not because the poll suggested Labour is going to lose office any time soon – it did not – nor because it showed other parties doing better – they are not... More>>