Gordon Campbell | Parliament TV | Parliament Today | News Video | Crime | Employers | Housing | Immigration | Legal | Local Govt. | Maori | Welfare | Unions | Youth | Search


Smoking is a dying habit

10 October 2019

One in eight adults (close to half a million people) are regular cigarette smokers in New Zealand, Stats NZ said today.

At the time of the 2018 Census, the proportion of regular cigarette smokers aged 15 years and over decreased to 13.2 percent, down from 15.1 percent in 2013. This drop continues the trend shown over the last 40 years. When cigarette smoking behaviour was first recorded in the 1976 Census, the proportion of regular smokers was 35.6 percent of the census usually resident population count aged 15 years and over. This was equivalent to about 1 in 3 people stating they were daily cigarette smokers. In 2018, 1 in 8 people stated they were daily cigarette smokers.

“These changes are likely due to a number of factors, including rapidly rising costs of tobacco, a lower number of young adults taking up smoking, an increase in smoking alternatives such as vaping, and recent stop-smoking programmes,” census general manager Kathy Connolly said.

For example, the 2017/18 New Zealand Health Survey reported 2.6 percent of New Zealand adults vape daily and 18.5 percent have tried an electronic cigarette at least once. The Ministry of Health will publish the results of the 2018/19 New Zealand Health Survey on 14 November 2019. This will include the latest statistics on vaping in New Zealand.

Our census results are consistent with the Ministry of Health’s cigarette smoking behaviour results from their 2017/18 New Zealand Health Survey. The New Zealand Health Survey, an interview-based survey which collects a similar concept to the census, showed the proportion of daily smokers was 13.1 percent of the adult population in 2017/18.

Although the overall proportion of the population that regularly smoked cigarettes has decreased, the number of regular smokers actually increased by 35,802 to 498,996 people between the 2013 and 2018 Censuses. This reflects the growth in the population.

Cigarette smoking behaviour

Census data on cigarette smoking refers to the active smoking of one or more manufactured or hand-rolled tobacco cigarettes, from purchased or home-grown tobacco, per day, by a person aged 15 years and over. It does not include the smoking of tobacco in cigars, pipes, or e-cigarettes (vape devices).

Cigarette smoking behaviour is derived from two questions in the 2018 Census questionnaire. The first is a regular-smoker indicator and the second is an ever-smoked indicator.

For the regular-smoker indicator, 84.0 percent of responses were from the 2018 Census individual form. For the remaining people, we used 2013 Census data (7.8 percent) and imputation (8.1 percent) to fill in all missing values. For the ever-smoked indicator, 85.1 percent of responses were from the 2018 Census individual form, 6.8 percent from 2013 Census data, and 8.1 percent from imputation.

These proportions of 2013 Census data and imputation used are at a national level. The use of these data sources varies across different geographic and demographic subpopulations. Using 2013 Census data to replace missing responses has introduced a small amount of bias towards ‘regular smokers’ in the dataset.

The cigarette smoking behaviour variable is rated as moderate quality. Cigarette smoking behaviour in our DataInfo+ tool has more information on definitions and data quality.

Smoking rates by age, sex, ethnicity, and income are not currently available, but will be published at a later date.

About the 2018 Census dataset

We combined data from the census forms with administrative data to create the 2018 Census dataset, which meets Stats NZ’s quality criteria for population structure information.

We added real data about real people to the dataset where we were confident they should be counted, but they hadn’t completed a census form. We also used data from the 2013 Census and administrative sources, and statistical imputation methods to fill in some missing characteristics of people.

The independent External Data Quality Panel has endorsed the statistical approaches used by Stats NZ to mitigate non-response. However, the cigarette smoking behaviour variable was not specifically looked at by the panel.

The Government Statistician authorises all statistics and data we publish.

For more information about these statistics:
• Visit Smoking is a dying habit


© Scoop Media

Parliament Headlines | Politics Headlines | Regional Headlines

Gordon Campbell: On The Twitter Wars, And The Muller Muddles

Whatever the failings of our own politicians, spare a kind thought for the majority of Americans who did not vote for Donald Trump. Sure, it was depressing this week to watch Todd Muller clinging for dear life to his talking points on Q&A, lest he be carried away in the slavering jaws of Jack Tame…. but this was mere incompetence, not malice. At the same time the President of the United States was (a) falsely accusing one of his media critics of murder, and (b) threatening to shut down Twitter for attaching a warning label to Trump’s attempt at poisoning the electoral process by falsely claiming that postal voting has led to extensive voter fraud... More>>


Government: Freshwater Package Backed By Comprehensive Economic Analysis

Decisions on the Action for Healthy Waterways package are supported by comprehensive environmental and economic impact analysis by leading New Zealand research institutes, universities, and private sector firms. More>>


National: "Todd Muller Announces Shape Of Next Government"

National Party Leader Todd Muller has announced the line-up of the next Government. “New Zealand is facing perhaps the toughest time that almost anyone alive can remember. “We are borrowing tens of billions of dollars to get us through this crisis. There ... More>>


Lockdown Rules: Timeline For Moving To Level 1 Needed

The BusinessNZ Network is calling for more clarity about the conditions under which businesses can move to Covid level 1. The network is concerned about large numbers of businesses that are at risk of closure if restrictions continue at the current ... More>>

Gordon Campbell: On National’s Day Of Reckoning

Congratulations. You are one of the 55 members of the National caucus being called together tomorrow to choose who will lead you to either (a) catastrophic or (b) honourable defeat on September 19, thereby saving some (but not all) of the jobs currently on the line. Good luck. Your decision process starts NOW... More>>


Budget 2020: Jobs Budget To Get Economy Moving Again

Investments to both save and create jobs in Budget 2020 mean unemployment can be back to pre COVID-19 levels within two years and could see the economy growing again as early as next year. More>>


Covid-19 Response: Law Setting Up Legal Framework For Covid-19 Alert Level 2 Passes

The law establishing a legal framework for the response to Covid-19 has passed its final reading and will become law in time for the move to Alert Level 2 tonight.
This is a bespoke Act designed specifically to stop the spread of COVID-19... More>>


Trans-Tasman Bubble: PMs Jacinda And Morrison Announce Plans

Australia and New Zealand are committed to introducing a trans-Tasman COVID-safe travel zone as soon as it is safe to do so, Prime Minister Rt Hon Jacinda Ardern and Prime Minister the Hon Scott Morrison MP have announced... More>>


Government: Support For Arts And Music Sector Recovery

A jobseekers programme for the creative sector and four new funds have been set up by the Government to help our arts and music industry recover from the blow of COVID-19. Thousands of jobs will be supported through today’s $175 million package ... More>>


Government: New Zealand Joins Global Search For COVID-19 Vaccine

Foreign Affairs Minister Winston Peters, Research, Science and Innovation Minister Megan Woods, and Health Minister David Clark today announced a COVID-19 vaccine strategy, which will enable New Zealand scientists to contribute to global research efforts ... More>>


The Dig: Steady State Economics: We’ve Got Some (systems) Thinking To Do

In this time of impending economic and ecological crises, we urgently need to aim for a sustainable or ‘steady state’ economy. In order to get there, we will need to adopt a ‘systems-thinking’ outlook taking into account the interconnections of our complex world.

In short, we’ve got some systems thinking to do... More>>


Election 2020: Parties Get Into gear

The Green Party is pleased to reveal its candidate list for the upcoming election. With a mix of familiar faces and fresh new talent, this exceptional group of candidates are ready to lead the Greens back into Government. Using the most democratic list ... More>>


Insight Into Regenerative Agriculture In New Zealand

There is a fast growing movement in New Zealand that has been happening out in paddocks, fields, gardens and hill country across the nation. It is a movement that holds the promise to reshape our productive land use industries towards systems that work with the natural environment to regenerate the land. The movement is that of regenerative agriculture. More>>


Covid-19: Tracer App Released To Support Contact Tracing

The Ministry of Health has today formally released the NZ COVID Tracer app to support contact tracing in New Zealand. Kiwis who download the app will create a digital diary of the places they visit by scanning QR codes displayed at the entrances to ... More>>


Govt: Deep Concern At Hong Kong National Security Legislation
Foreign Affairs Minister Winston Peters today reiterated the deep concern of the New Zealand Government following confirmation by China’s National People’s Congress of national security legislation relating to Hong Kong.... More>>






InfoPages News Channels