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Cablegate: United Kingdom: 2002 Annual Terrorism Report

O 251059Z NOV 02
FM AMEMBASSY LONDON
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4682
INFO EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
CIA WASHINGTON DC
DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHDC
DIA WASHDC
FBI WASHDC
NSC WASHDC
SECDEF WASHDC

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 05 LONDON 008320

S/CT FOR REAO

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: EI PGOV PINR PREL PTER UK
SUBJECT: UNITED KINGDOM: 2002 ANNUAL TERRORISM REPORT

REF: STATE 201772

1. (U) THIS TELEGRAM CONTAINS EMBASSY LONDON'S CONTRIBUTIONS
TO THE 2002 "PATTERNS OF GLOBAL TERRORISM" REPORT. EMBASSY
INPUT IS KEYED TO REFTEL QUESTIONS.

2. (U) SIGNIFICANT ACTIONS TAKEN BY THE UK TO SUPPORT THE
GLOBAL COALITION AGAINST TERRORISM, PARTICULARLY LAW
ENFORCEMENT ACTIONS TAKEN AGAINST AL-QAIDA OPERATIVES, BUT
INCLUDING DIPLOMATIC EFFORTS TO BLOCK TERRORIST ASSETS, ENACT
NEW COUNTER TERRORISM LAWS, RATIFY EXISTING TREATIES.

A) THE UK REMAINS ONE OF THE UNITED STATES' STRONGEST ALLIES
IN THE FIGHT AGAINST TERRORISM AND HAS MADE THE ELIMINATION
OF TERRORISM AS A FORCE IN INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS A PRIMARY
OBJECTIVE OF ITS FOREIGN POLICY. THE U.S. AND THE UK
COOPERATE CLOSELY AND EFFECTIVELY BILATERALLY AND IN
MULTILATERAL FORA, SUCH AS THE G-8 AND THE UNITED NATIONS, TO
COUNTER TERRORIST ACTIVITIES. COUNTER TERRORISM IS A FOCUS
OF THE UK'S BILATERAL RELATIONSHIPS THROUGHOUT THE WORLD.
THE UK'S INTELLIGENCE AND SECURITY AGENCIES HAVE
SIGNIFICANTLY DEEPENED THEIR WORK AGAINST TERRORISM WITH
THEIR FOREIGN COUNTERPARTS, ESPECIALLY THE U.S.

-- THE UK WAS INVOLVED FROM THE OUTSET ALONGSIDE THE U.S. IN
THE EFFORT TO EXPEL AL-QAIDA FROM ITS BASES IN AFGHANISTAN,
KILL AND CAPTURE ITS OPERATIVES, AND OVERTHROW THE TALIBAN
REGIME. THE UK LED THE INTERNATIONAL SECURITY ASSISTANCE
FORCE (ISAF), WHICH BECAME OPERATIONAL IN FEBRUARY 2002,
UNTIL TURKEY ASSUMED COMMAND OF ISAF. IN MARCH 2002, THE UK
DEPLOYED A 1,700-STRONG FORCE, KNOWN AS TASK FORCE JACANA, TO
EASTERN AFGHANISTAN FOR FOUR MONTHS. JACANA WORKED ALONGSIDE
U.S. FORCES IN THE REGION TO COMBAT AL-QAIDA. IN 2002,
BRITISH MILITARY FORCES ALSO PARTICIPATED IN COALITION
OPERATIONS AIMED AT DENYING AL-QAIDA TERRORISTS AN
ALTERNATIVE BASE OUTSIDE AFGHANISTAN. THIS INCLUDED MARITIME
PATROLS IN THE ARABIAN SEA.

-- THE ANTI-TERRORISM, CRIME AND SECURITY ACT (2001) PROVIDES
HMG THE POWER TO DETAIN INDEFINITELY IMMIGRANTS AND ASYLUM
SEEKERS SUSPECTED OF BEING INTERNATIONAL TERRORISTS, BUT WHO
CANNOT BE REMOVED FROM THE UK IMMEDIATELY. SINCE THE ACT
CAME INTO FORCE IN DECEMBER 2001, TWELVE FOREIGN NATIONALS
HAVE BEEN DETAINED USING ITS POWERS. OF THE TOTAL DETAINED,
TWO HAVE VOLUNTARILY LEFT THE UK. THE OTHER 10 REMAIN IN
DETENTION.

-- THE PREDECING TERRORISM ACT OF 2000 PROVIDES THE HOME
SECRETARY WITH THE POWER TO PROSCRIBE FOREIGN TERRORIST
ORGANIZATIONS AND CREATES A NUMBER OF OFFENSES THAT RELATED
TO PROSCRIPTION. THE ACT INITIALLY PROSCRIBED AL-QAIDA AND
20 OTHER TERRORIST GROUPS. IN OCTOBER, THE UK PROSCRIBED
FOUR ADDITIONAL TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS WITH LINKS TO
AL-QAIDA, INCLUDING JEEMAH ISLAMIYAH, THE ABU SAYYAF GROUP,
THE ISLAMIC MOVEMENT OF UZBEKISTAN, AND ASBAT AL-ANSAR.

-- AS OF OCTOBER 2002, THE UK HAD FROZEN THE ASSETS OF OVER
100 ORGANIZATIONS AND OVER 200 INDIVIDUALS, BOTH IN RESPONSE
TO SPECIFIC UN SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS (UNSCRS) AND
UNDER UK DOMESTIC MEASURES. IN RESPONSE TO UNSCRS BOTH
BEFORE AND AFTER SEPTEMBER 11, 2001, PARTICULARLY AGAINST
AL-QAIDA AND THE TALIBAN, THE UK FROZE A TOTAL OF $100
MILLION IN TERRORIST ASSETS. MOST OF THESE FUNDS HAVE NOW
BEEN UNFROZEN AS A RESULT OF AFGHANISTAN'S LIBERATION, AND
HAVE BEEN MADE AVAILABLE TO THE LEGITIMATE AFGHAN GOVERNMENT.

-- THE UK IMPLEMENTED UNSCR 1333 ON DECEMBER 19, 2000; UNSCR
1373 WAS IMPLEMENTED SEPTEMBER 18, 2001; AND UNSCR 1390 WAS
IMPLEMENTED JANUARY 28, 2002. BANKS WERE IMMEDIATELY
INSTRUCTED TO FREEZE THE ASSETS OF ANY NAMES ATTACHED TO THE
UNSCRS. THE UK IMPLEMENTED THE UN INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION
FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF TERRORIST FINANCING ON 10 APRIL 2002.

-- THE ANTI-TERRORISM CRIME AND SECURITY ACT (2001) CONTAINS
SEVERAL PROVISIONS DESIGNED TO HELP THE POLICE AND THE COURTS
DEPRIVE TERRORISTS OF FINANCIAL RESOURCES. THE ACT ALLOWS
POLICE TO SEIZE ANYWHERE IN THE UK FUNDS THAT ARE INTENDED
FOR USE IN TERRORIST ACTS, ARE RESOURCES OF PROSCRIBED
ORGANIZATIONS, OR ARE OBTAINED THROUGH TERRORISM. THE ACT
ALSO EXPANDS POLICE POWERS TO MONITOR AND FREEZE TERRORIST
ACCOUNTS, AND REQUIRES BANKS AND OTHERS TO REPORT TO THE
POLICE ANY MONEY OR PROPERTY SUSPECTED OF BELONGING OR
DERIVED FROM TERRORIST FUNDS. FAILURE TO COMPLY MAY RESULT
IN IMPRISONMENT FOR UP TO 5 YEARS, AND/OR UNLIMITED FINES.
THE ACT ALSO MAKES IT AN OFFENSE TO LAUNDER TERRORIST FUNDS,
REGARDLESS OF WHETHER THE FUNDS ARE OR ARE INTENDED TO BE
USED FOR THE HIRE OF ACTS OF TERRORISM. IT ALSO STRENGTHENS
PROVISIONS CONTAINED UNDER THE TERRORISM ACT OF 2000, WHICH
PROHIBITS UK FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FROM DISCLOSING ANY
INFORMATION THAT IS LIKELY TO PREJUDICE A POLICE
INVESTIGATION OR TO DISPOSE OF ANY RELEVANT INFORMATION. THE
ANTI-TERRORISM CRIME AND SECURITY ACT 2001 MAY BE SEEN IN
FULL AT: WWW.HMSO.GOV.UK

-- THE UK HAS INTRODUCED A NEW DOMESTIC REGULATORY REGIME TO
ENSURE THAT BUREAUX DE CHANGE AND MONEY TRANSMITTERS
IMPLEMENT MONEY-LAUNDERING REGULATIONS EFFECTIVELY. THE
PROCEEDS OF CRIME BILL INTRODUCED IN OCTOBER 2001 REQUIRES
BUSINESSES IN THESE SECTORS TO FILE A SUSPICIOUS TRANSACTION
REPORT (STR) WHEN IT IS SUSPECTED THAT A PERSON HERE OR
ANOTHER PERSON IS LAUNDERING THE PROCEEDS OF ANY CRIME.
UNDER THE MONEY LAUNDERING REGULATIONS 2001, ALL MONEY
SERVICE OPERATORS, INCLUDING BUREAUX DE CHANGE AND OPERATORS
OF ALTERNATIVE REMITTANCE SYSTEMS, ARE REQUIRED TO REGISTER
THEIR OPERATION WITH CUSTOMS AUTHORITIES, WHICH HAVE THE
POWER TO INSPECT THEIR OPERATIONS AT ANY TIME. A COPY OF
THESE REGULATIONS CAN BE FOUND AT WWW.HMSO.GOV.UK. THE
PROCEEDS OF CRIME BILL 2001 REQUIRES FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
AND CASH DEALERS TO VERIFY THEIR CUSTOMERS' IDENTITY AND
ADDRESS.

-- THE UK IS COMMITTED TO ENSURING THAT ENTITIES, IN
PARTICULAR NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS, CANNOT BE MISUSED TO
FINANCE TERRORISM. THE CHARITY COMMISSION, MANDATED TO
REGULATE VIRTUALLY ALL CHARITIES IN ENGLAND AND WALES, IS
EMPOWERED TO INITIATE INVESTIGATIONS OF CHARITIES SUSPECTED
OF SUPPORTING TERRORISM. SINCE SEPTEMBER 11, 2001, THE
COMMISSION HAS CLOSED DOWN TWO CHARITIES FOR SUSPECTED
SUPPORT OF TERRORISM, AND ANOTHER HAS HAD ITS ASSETS FROZEN.

-- IN NOVEMBER 2001, A MULTI-AGENCY TERRORIST FINANCE TEAM
(TFT) WAS SET UP IN THE NATIONAL CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE
SERVICE TO ASSIST THE UK GOVERNMENT IN CUTTING OFF TERRORIST
FUNDS. THE TEAM COMBINES COUNTER TERRORIST AND FINANCIAL
INTELLIGENCE ANALYSIS EXPERTISE. THE MAIN FUNCTION OF THE
TFT IS TO EXAMINE STRS FOR POSSIBLE TERRORIST CONNECTIONS.
ADDITIONALLY, THE TFT'S POSITION WITHIN THE EUROPEAN UNION
WILL ENABLE IT TO IDENTIFY LINKS BETWEEN TERRORIST AND OTHER
FINANCING. SINCE ITS FOUNDING, OVER 3,500 DISCLOSURES HAVE
BEEN REFERRED TO THE TFT.

-- THE UK'S FINANCIAL SERVICES AUTHORITY, TOGETHER WITH OTHER
GOVERNMENT AGENCIES, HAVE HELD TWO SEMINARS PROVIDING THE
UK'S FINANCIAL SERVICES SECTOR WITH UP-TO-DATE INFORMATION
AND ADVICE ON STOPPING TERRORIST FINANCING.

-- THE UK DID NOT ENACT MAJOR NEW COUNTER TERRORISM
LEGISLATION IN 2002. THE UK HAS RATIFIED ALL 12 UN COUNTER
TERRORISM CONVENTIONS.

3. (U) DESCRIBE THE RESPONSE OF THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM OF THE UK
TO ACTS OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM AND/OR SIGNIFICANT ACTS OF
DOMESTIC TERRORISM DURING 2002, INCLUDING ANY HOST GOVERNMENT
PROSECUTIONS RELATING TO TERRORISM.

B) UK LAW ENFORCEMENT HAS BEEN EXTREMELY AGGRESSIVE IN EFFORT
TO DISRUPT AND/OR PROSECUTE INDIVIDUALS INVOLVED IN TERRORIST
ACTIVITY.

-- THE INVESTIGATION INTO AND PROSECUTION OF SEVERAL
ALGERIANS DETAINED ON SEPTEMBER 25, 2001 CONTINUES. MOHAMED
MEHDI MESLI AND BAGHDAD MEZIANE HAVE BEEN CHARGED UNDER THE
PROVISIONS OF THE TERRORISM ACT OF 2000 AND WITH CRIMINAL
OFFENSES UNDER THE UK POLICE AND CRIMINAL EVIDENCE ACT
(PACE). UK AUTHORITIES HAVE DETAINED SEVERAL OTHER
INDIVIDUALS UNDER UK IMMIGRATION LAW IN CONNECTIONS WITH THIS
INVESTIGATION.

-- IN AUGUST 2002, UK AUTHORITIES PROSECUTED FRANK ETIM, AKA
SULAYMAN ZAIN-UL-ABIDIN, AKA FRANCIS ASIBONG VINCENT ETIM,
FOR OFFENSES COMMITTED UNDER THE TERRORISM ACT OF 2000,
SPECIFICALLY FOR PROVIDING INSTRUCTION OR TRAINING IN THE
MAKING OR USE OF (A) FIREARMS, (B) EXPLOSIVES, OR (C)
CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL OR NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND FOR INVITING
ANOTHER TO RECEIVE INSTRUCTION OR TRAINING. ETIM WAS
ACQUITTED, BUT THE PROSECUTION IS AN EXAMPLE OF LAW
ENFORCEMENT EFFORTS TO TARGET UK-BASED EXTREMISTS BELIEVED TO
BE INVOLVED IN PROVIDING MATERIAL SUPPORT TO TERRORIST
ORGANIZATIONS.

-- UK AUTHORITIES ARE CURRENTLY PREPARING TO PROSECUTE
ABDULLAH IBRAHIM EL-FAISAL, AKA TREVOR WILLIAM FORREST, AKA
FAISAL ABDALLAH AL-JAMAIKEE FOR OFFENCES OF 1) INCITEMENT TO
MURDER AND 2) DISTRIBUTION OF RACIALLY INFLAMMATORY MATERIAL,
LIKELY TO PROVOKE RACIAL HATRED.

-- UK LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES ARE USING THE "NO FLY LIST" TO
DETAIN AND INTERVIEW INDIVIDUALS WHO MAY POSE A THREAT TO
U.S. INTERESTS.

-- UK SECURITY AND LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITIES DISRUPTED
NUMEROUS TERRORIST ATTACKS BY DISSIDENT IRISH REPUBLICAN AS
WELL AS ENGAGED IN VIOLENT STREET CLASHES WITH LOYALIST
PARAMILITARY GROUPS. UK AUTHORITIES ARE PREPARING FOR THE
TRIAL OF REPUBLICAN DISSIDENTS INVOLVED IN AN ATTEMPT TO
DETONATE A CAR BOMB IN THE CITY OF BIRMINGHAM.

-- HMG CONTINUES ITS INVESTIGATION OF THE 1998 BOMBING IN
OMAGH, WHICH IS LINKED TO THE REAL IRA AND KILLED 29 PEOPLE.

4. (U) DID THE UK EXTRADITE OR REQUEST THE EXTRADITION OF
SUSPECTED TERRORISTS FOR PROSECUTION DURING THE YEAR?

C) A BILATERAL EXTRADITION TREATY, WHICH ENTERED INTO FORCE
ON JANUARY 21, 1977, AND A SUPPLEMENTARY TREATY, WHICH
ENTERED INTO FORCE ON DECEMBER 23, 1986, GOVERN EXTRADITION
BETWEEN THE U.S. AND THE UK. THERE HAVE BEEN NO EXTRADITIONS
IN THE PAST YEAR TO THE U.S.

-- THE UK CONTINUES TO ASSIST WITH THE U.S. REQUEST FOR THE
EXTRADITION OF KHALED AL-FAWWAZ, ABDEL MOHAMMED ABDEL ABDUL
BARY, AND IBRAHIM EIDAROUS TO THE U.S. FOR THEIR INVOLVEMENT
IN THE BOMBING OF THE U.S. EMBASSIES IN EAST AFRICA. IN
DECEMBER 2001, THE HOUSE OF LORDS REJECTED THEIR APPEAL TO
BLOCK THE EXTRADITION, BUT THE THREE MEN HAVE APPEALED THIS
RULING TO THE EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS.

-- THE UK COURTS DENIED THE U.S. REQUEST TO EXTRADITE LATFI
RAISSI, WHO ALLEGEDLY HELPED TRAIN THE SEPTEMBER 11
HIJACKERS, BECAUSE THEY DETERMINED THAT THE U.S. HAD NOT
PRESENTED ENOUGH EVIDENCE TO APPROVE THE REQUEST.

5. (U) DESCRIBE ANY SIGNIFICANT IMPEDIMENTS TO UK GOVERNMENT
PROSECUTION AND/OR EXTRADITION OF SUSPECTED TERRORISTS.

D) IT IS UK POLICY TO PROSECUTE AND/OR EXTRADITE SUSPECTED
TERRORISTS WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF UK LAW, THE EUROPEAN
CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, THE 1951 CONVENTION ON REFUGEES,
AND UK ASYLUM LAWS. UK LAW REQUIRES PRIMA FACIE EVIDENCE IN
SUPPORT OF AN EXTRADITION REQUEST, AND DOES NOT ALLOW
EXTRADITION TO OCCUR WHERE THE REQUEST IS BELIEVED TO BE MADE
FOR THE PURPOSE OF PUNISHING A PERSON ON ACCOUNT OF HIS/HER
RACE, RELIGION OR POLITICAL OPINION. UK LAW DOES NOT ALLOW
THE EXTRADITION OF INDIVIDUALS IF THEY WOULD FACE THE DEATH
PENALTY. THE UK HAS BEEN WILLING TO EXTRADITE INDIVIDUALS IF
IT RECEIVES ASSURANCES THAT THE DEATH PENALTY WOULD BE
WAIVED.

-- SATISFYING THE LEGAL REQUIREMENTS FOR EXTRADITION CAN BE
TIME-CONSUMING (UP TO SIX YEARS IN SOME INSTANCES). IN
NOVEMBER 2002, THE GOVERNMENT INTRODUCED LEGISLATION TO
STREAMLINE AND SHORTEN THE UK EXTRADITION PROCESS. IF
ADOPTED IT WOULD ELIMINATE DUPLICATION OF HEARINGS AND
APPEALS THAT ARE PART OF THE CURRENT SYSTEM. THE PROPOSED
LEGISLATION ALSO SIMPLIFIES THE RULES ON AUTHENTICATING
FOREIGN DOCUMENTS SO THAT FAXED DOCUMENTS WOULD BE ACCEPTED
AS VALID.

6. (U) DISCUSS UK RESPONSES OTHER THAN PROSECUTION. THESE
WOULD INCLUDE, BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO, PUBLIC STATEMENTS BY
GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS OR OFFICIAL NEWS AGENCIES FOLLOWING A
TERRORIST INCIDENT (IN OR OUTSIDE THE UK) AND EFFORTS BY THE
UK TO INVESTIGATE TERRORIST INCIDENTS OR TO ASSIST WITH
INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM INVESTIGATIONS.

E) SINCE 9/11, THE UK HAS ENGAGED IN A SUSTAINED GLOBAL
PUBLIC DIPLOMACY CAMPAIGN TO HIGHLIGHT THE GLOBAL NATURE OF
THE THREAT POSED BY THE AL-QAIDA NETWORK AND TO URGE OTHER
COUNTRIES TO RESPOND VIGOROUSLY TO TERRORIST INCIDENTS AND
THREATS.

-- THE UK ASSISTS WITH INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM
INVESTIGATIONS. A TEAM FROM THE METROPOLITAN POLICE HAS BEEN
IN ATHENS WORKING CLOSELY WITH THEIR GREEK COUNTERPARTS TO
INVESTIGATE THE JUNE 2000 ASSASSINATION OF BRITISH MILITARY
ATTACH BRIGADIER STEPHEN SAUNDERS AND IN THE WIDER HUNT FOR
MEMBERS OF THE 17 NOVEMBER TERRORIST GROUP. UK INVESTIGATORS
ARE ALSO WORKING SIDE-BY-SIDE WITH INDONESIAN, AMERICAN AND
AUSTRALIAN COUNTERPARTS TO INVESTIGATE THE OCTOBER 12 BOMBING
OF THE SARI NIGHTCLUB IN BALI.

7. (U) DESCRIBE MAJOR COUNTER TERRORISM EFFORTS UNDERTAKEN IN
2002 BY THE UK, INCLUDING STEPS TAKEN IN INTERNATIONAL FORA.

F) THE UK SIGNIFICANTLY INCREASED THE COUNTER TERRORISM
ASSISTANCE IT PROVIDES TO OTHER COUNTRIES. THIS INCLUDES
OPERATIONAL COUNTER TERRORISM TRAINING, SUCH AS BOMB
DISPOSAL, HOSTAGE NEGOTIATION AND POLICE INVESTIGATIVE
SKILLS, AND CAPACITY BUILDING PROGRAMS DESIGNED TO HELP
COUNTRIES DRAW UP THEIR OWN COUNTER TERRORISM LEGAL
FRAMEWORKS. MAJOR UK ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS ARE UNDERWAY IN
SOUTH AND SOUTH EAST ASIA, INCLUDING INDIA, THE PHILIPPINES,
AND INDONESIA.

-- THE UK ALSO PROVIDES ASSISTANCE TO OTHER COUNTRIES' LAW
ENFORCEMENT AND REGULATORY AUTHORITIES FOR TERRORIST
FINANCING INVESTIGATIONS. THE UK CONTINUES TO SUPPORT THE
PROVISION OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND CAPACITY BUILDING IN A
NUMBER OF OTHER COUNTRIES, AND IS FUNDING PROGRAMS DESIGNED
TO ADDRESS A RANGE OF ANTI-TERRORIST FINANCING.

-- THE UK ACTIVELY CAMPAIGNED IN INTERNATIONAL FORA,
INCLUDING THE EU, NATO, G-8, AND UNITED NATIONS, FOR
COORDINATED GLOBAL EFFORTS TO COMBAT TERRORISM AND ROUTINELY
LOBBIED UN MEMBER STATES TO RATIFY THE TWELVE INTERNATIONAL
CONVENTIONS AND PROTOCOL RELATING TO TERRORISM. THE UK
CHAIRS THE UN'S COUNTER TERRORISM COMMITTEE (CTC), WHICH
MONITORS THE COMPLIANCE OF MEMBER STATES WITH SECURITY
COUNCIL RESOLUTION 1373.

-- TO SUPPORT GLOBAL EFFORTS TO DENY TERRORIST GROUPS ACCESS
TO WEAPONS AND MATERIALS OF MASS DESTRUCTION, THE UK
COMMITTED TO CONTRIBUTING $750 OVER 10 YEARS TO THE G-8
INITIATIVE TO REDUCE THE SPREAD OF WEAPONS OF MASS
DESTRUCTION IN THE FORMER SOVIET UNION, WHICH WAS ANNOUNCED
AT THE G-8 SUMMIT IN JUNE 2002.

8. (U) DESCRIBE ANY SIGNIFICANT UK SUPPORT FOR INTERNATIONAL
TERRORISM, TERRORISTS OR TERRORIST GROUPS.

G) HMG DOES NOT PROVIDE SUPPORT FOR INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM,
TERRORISTS OR TERRORIST GROUPS. HMG CONSISTENTLY AND
STRONGLY CONDEMNS ALL ACTS OF AND SUPPORT FOR TERRORISM.

9. (U) HAS THE UK MADE ANY PUBLIC STATEMENTS IN SUPPORT OF A
TERRORIST-SUPPORTING COUNTRY ON A TERRORISM ISSUE?

H) HMG HAS NOT MADE ANY PUBLIC STATEMENTS IN SUPPORT OF A
TERRORIST-SUPPORTING COUNTRY ON A TERRORISM ISSUE AND
CONSISTENTLY AND STRONGLY CONDEMNS ALL ACTS OF AND SUPPORT
FOR TERRORISM.

10. (U) DESCRIBE U.S. COUNTER TERRORISM EFFORTS AND
INITIATIVES WITH THE UK, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
REQUESTS TO THE UK FOR SPECIFIC COOPERATION AND EFFORTS BY
THE U.S. IN THE UK TO ELIMINATE INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL
SUPPORT TO TERRORIST GROUPS DIRECTLY OR IN SUPPORT OF THEIR
ACTIVITIES.

J) THE UK GOVERNMENT HAS, SIMULTANEOUSLY WITH THE U.S., OR
SOON AFTER, FROZEN THE ASSETS OF VIRTUALLY EVERY ORGANIZATION
AND INDIVIDUAL ON THE NOVEMBER 2001 U.S. EXECUTIVE ORDER AND
SUBSEQUENT ANNEXES. A NOTABLE EXCEPTION HAVE BEEN A FEW
ORGANIZATIONS THAT THE UK ARGUES ARE "POLITICAL" AS OPPOSED
TO "ARMED" BRANCHES OF ORGANIZATIONS SUCH AS HAMAS AND
HIZBOLLAH. THE UK HAS FROZEN THE ASSETS OF THE "ARMED" WINGS
OF THESE ORGANIZATIONS, HOWEVER. THE UK FROZE THE ASSETS OF
THE INTERNATIONAL SIKH YOUTH FEDERATION AND BABBAR KHALSA ON
NOV. 2, 2001, BEFORE THE UNITED STATES DID SO ON JUNE 28,
2002. IN SEPTEMBER 2002, THE UK'S HOME OFFICE CO-SPONSORED
WITH THE U.S. JUSTICE DEPARTMENT A SEMINAR IN LONDON FOR
THIRD-COUNTRY ENFORCEMENT OFFICIALS REGARDING IDENTIFICATION
OF TERRORIST ASSETS.

11. (U) IF THE USG HAS SOUGHT COOPERATION FROM THE UK DURING
THE PREVIOUS FIVE YEARS IN THE INVESTIGATION OR PROSECUTION
OF AN ACT OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM AGAINST U.S. CITIZENS OR
INTERESTS, PLEASE PROVIDE INFORMATION ON:

-- THE EXTENT TO WHICH THE UK IN 2002 COOPERATED OR IS
COOPERATING WITH THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT IN
APPREHENDING, CONVICTING, AND PUNISHING INDIVIDUALS
RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ACT; AND,

K1) THE UK HAS PROVIDED U.S. LAW ENFORCEMENT WITH INVALUABLE
SUPPORT IN ALMOST EVERY INVESTIGATION INTO MAJOR ATTACKS OR
PLOTS TO ATTACK U.S. CITIZENS OR INTERESTS SINCE 1993. THIS
INCLUDES:

-- THE FEBRUARY 26, 1993 BOMBING OF THE WORLD TRADE CENTER;
-- THE 1995 PLOT TO BLOW UP 12 U.S. AIRLINERS IN EAST ASIA;
-- THE PLOT TO BLOW UP THE UNITED NATIONS AND OTHER LANDMARKS
IN NEW YORK;
-- THE AUGUST 7, 1998 BOMBING OF THE U.S. EMBASSIES IN EAST
AFRICA;
-- THE SEPTEMBER 12, 2000 ATTACK ON THE USS COLE; AND,
-- THE SEPTEMBER 11, 2001 ATTACKS IN THE U.S.

-- THE ASSISTANCE PROVIDED INCLUDES LOCATING/IDENTIFYING AND
DETAINING OF INDIVIDUALS OF INTEREST TO THE U.S., CONDUCTING
OF SEARCHES, OBTAINING OF PROVISION ARREST WARRANTS, AND
DEPORTING INDIVIDUALS TO THE U.S.

-- THE EXTENT TO WHICH THE UK IN 2002 COOPERATED OR IS
COOPERATING IN PREVENTING FURTHER ACTS OF TERRORISM AGAINST
UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE UK.

K2) THE U.S. AND THE UK REGULARLY SHARE INFORMATION ON
POSSIBLE TERRORIST THREATS. THE UK MAKES FULL USE OF ITS LAW
ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY UNDER THE TERRORISM ACT OF 2000 AND THE
ANTI-TERRORISM, CRIME AND SECURITY ACT (2001) TO DISRUPT
AND/OR PROSECUTE INDIVIDUALS SUSPECTED OF BEING INVOLVED IN
THE PLANNING OR COMMISSION OF A TERRORIST ACT.

12. (U) IF THE U.S. HAS SOUGHT COOPERATION DURING THE
PREVIOUS FIVE YEARS IN THE PREVENTION OF AN ACT OF
INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM AGAINST U.S. CITIZENS OR INTERESTS,
PLEASE DESCRIBE THE EXTENT TO WHICH THE UK COOPERATED IN 2001
OR IS COOPERATING IN PREVENTING ACTS OF TERRORISM AGAINST
U.S. CITIZENS IN THE UK.

L) UK LAW ENFORCEMENT AND SECURITY SERVICES WORK CLOSELY WITH
U.S. OFFICIALS TO PLAN AND IMPLEMENT PROACTIVE STEPS TO
PREVENT AND DISRUPT TERRORIST ACTIVITIES. WHEN
INVESTIGATIONS BY U.S. AUTHORITIES HAVE IDENTIFIED LINKS
BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS/ORGANIZATIONS IN THE UK AND INDIVIDUALS
ARRESTED, WANTED, OR SUSPECTED OF INVOLVEMENT IN TERRORIST
ATTACKS AGAINST U.S. CITIZENS OR INTERESTS, THE UK HAS
COOPERATED FULLY.


FARISH

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