Search

 

Cablegate: 2003 Special 301 Review: Recommendation To

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

UNCLAS ANKARA 001275

SIPDIS


TREASURY FOR OASIA
STATE FOR EB/TPP/MTA/IPC - WILSON AND EUR/SE
DEPT PASS USTR FOR DBIRDSEY/KALVAREZ, PATENT AND
TRADEMARK OFFICE FOR URBAN, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS FOR TEPP
USDOC FOR ITA/MAC/DDEFALCO


SENSITIVE


E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: ETRD KIPR TU USTR
SUBJECT: 2003 SPECIAL 301 REVIEW: RECOMMENDATION TO
MAINTAIN TURKEY ON THE WATCH LIST


REF: 02 ANKARA 8635 AND PREVIOUS


Summary
-------


1. (SBU) Turkey took some limited steps to improve
intellectual property protection in 2002, notably by
suspending a problematic broadcast regulation and by
forming provincial committees to improve enforcement.
However, piracy of optical media, books and other
products remains widespread and the GOT has not
addressed key issues facing U.S. pharmaceuticals
companies, including data exclusivity and price
discrimination against imports. Overall, IPR protection
has not improved in most respects in the last year, but
it has not deteriorated either. Embassy recommends
maintaining Turkey on the Watch List. End Summary.


Limited Progress on IPR
-----------------------


2. (U) There were positive developments in IPR
protection in 2002, all on the copyright side. The
Ministry of Culture allowed a registration it had
previously granted to a firm named Planet to be revoked;
Planet had obtained a false registration from the
Ministry to import DVDs. The Turkish Council of State
also suspended application of compulsory licensing
provisions of the GOT's broadcast regulation. The GOT
formed provincial committees to improve copyright
enforcement, and Istanbul-based representatives of the
IPR industries report that that provincial committee has
taken concrete steps to curb piracy. Establishment of
specialized intellectual property courts is another
positive step.


Enforcement and Data Exclusivity Problems Remain
--------------------------------------------- ---


3. (U) While the motion picture and software industries
have had some successes in obtaining the cooperation of
Turkish law enforcement authorities, music industry
representatives have consistently told us that
enforcement has not improved for their products and
IIPA's most recent Special 301 submission show a piracy
rate of 75 percent for music and records. Book
publishers are also experiencing high rates of piracy
and DVD piracy appeared in 2002. Industry
representatives claim that the provincial enforcement
committees have been active only in Istanbul (although
this province accounts for the majority of some of these
firms' sales in Turkey). Trademark holders also
criticize enforcement of their rights as deficient,
claiming that Turkey is one of the world's largest
exporters of counterfeit goods. The GOT has not changed
Health Ministry regulations which fail to provide data
exclusivity for pharmaceuticals, disputing the U.S. view
that this is required by TRIPS, nor has it revised
regulations to remove discriminatory pricing practices
applied to pharmaceuticals imports.


Recommendation
--------------


4. (SBU) Despite heavy lobbying on copyright and
pharmaceuticals issues by the Ambassador and other
Mission elements, the previous GOT took only limited
action to improve the IPR climate in 2002, and did not
address data exclusivity. Our dialogue with the new
government elected in November 2002 has been dominated
by foreign policy crises. We have therefore not been
able to establish the high-level dialogue that is
warranted on this issue.


5. (SBU) While we recognize that Turkey has not made the
progress we had hoped for on IPR protection this year,
Embassy recommends maintaining Turkey on the Watch List.
We strongly recommend that, after the current situation
in the region is resolved, Washington ratchet up its
engagement with the GOT on this issue, possibly
including a visit to Ankara by an IPR delegation.
Pearson#

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
World Headlines

 

UN News: ‘Things Have To Change’ Canada’s Trudeau Declares Amid COVID-19 Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic has revealed that the world must change, as multilateral systems established decades ago are not working as they should, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of Canada told the UN General Assembly on Friday. “The world is in crisis, and ... More>>

Assange's Hearing: Latest Observations From Court

Despite severe restrictions on observers, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is the only NGO that has gained access to the hearing, and we’ve managed to monitor proceedings on most days. We will continue to do so whenever possible. Yesterday I was in court ... More>>

USA: Investors ‘freaking’ Over Possible Contested Outcome Of Election: Poll

A disputed result in November’s U.S. presidential election is now the number one concern for investors – even ahead of a second wave of Covid-19 – according to a new global survey. The poll carried out by deVere Group, one of the world’s largest ... More>>

ILO: Impact On Workers Of COVID-19 Is ‘catastrophic’

COVID-19 has had a “catastrophic” impact on workers, the head of the International Labour Organization ( ILO ) said on Wednesday, with lost working hours higher than originally forecast, and equivalent to 495 million full-time jobs globally in the ... More>>