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Cablegate: Un/Iraq: Elements of Uk/U.S./Spain Statement On Iraq

O 171629Z MAR 03
FM USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4415
INFO IRAQ COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
CIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE
DIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE
JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J5/DDPMAW// IMMEDIATE
JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J5/UNMA// IMMEDIATE
NSC WASHDC IMMEDIATE
OSD WASHDC IMMEDIATE
SECDEF WASHDC IMMEDIATE
WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE

UNCLAS USUN NEW YORK 000718

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL PARM UNSC IZ
SUBJECT: UN/IRAQ: ELEMENTS OF UK/U.S./SPAIN STATEMENT ON IRAQ

1. (U) IN COMMENTS TO THE PRESS BEFORE INFORMAL
CONSULTATIONS, MARCH 17, UK PERMREP GREENSTOCK, ACCOMPANIED
BY SPANISH PERMREP ARIAS AND AMBASSADOR NEGROPONTE, ISSUED A
JOINT STATEMENT ON IRAQ. FOLLOWING GREENSTOCK'S COMMENTS,
AMBASSADORS NEGROPONTE AND ARIAS PROVIDED STATEMENTS TO THE
PRESS.


ELEMENTS OF UK/U.S./SPAIN STATEMENT ON IRAQ AS PRESENTED BY
UK PERMREP GREENSTOCK
--------------------------------------------- ---------------

2. (U) AS YOU KNOW, WE HAVE WORKED VERY HARD IN THE LAST FEW
DAYS IN A FINAL EFFORT TO SEEK A COUNCIL CONSENSUS ON IRAQ.
IN AN EFFORT TO REUNITE THE COUNCIL, THE UNITED KINGDOM
PROPOSED LAST WEEK AN ULTIMATUM WHICH WOULD CHALLENGE IRAQ TO
TAKE A STRATEGIC DECISION TO DISARM.

THERE WERE THREE KEY ELEMENTS TO THE COMPROMISE WE PROPOSED:

-TOUGH BUT REALIZABLE TESTS, INCLUDING AN UNEQUIVOCAL
COMMITMENT TO DISARMAMENT BY SADDAM HUSSEIN;

-A REALISTIC BUT TIGHT TIMETABLE FOR COMPLETION OF THOSE
TESTS GIVEN THE URGENT NEED FOR IRAQ TO COMPLY AFTER 12 YEARS
OF PREVARICATION;

-AND, THIRD, AN UNDERSTANDING THAT IF IRAQ FAILED THE TESTS,
SERIOUS CONSEQUENCES WOULD ENSUE AS SET OUT IN RESOLUTION
1441.

HAVING HELD FURTHER DISCUSSIONS WITH COUNCIL MEMBERS OVER THE
WEEKEND AND IN THE LAST FEW HOURS, WE HAVE HAD TO CONCLUDE
THAT COUNCIL CONSENSUS WILL NOT BE POSSIBLE IN LINE WITH
RESOLUTION 1441. ONE COUNTRY IN PARTICULAR HAS UNDERLINED
ITS INTENTION TO VETO ANY ULTIMATUM "NO MATTER WHAT THE
CIRCUMSTANCES." THAT COUNTRY REJECTED OUR PROPOSED
COMPROMISE BEFORE EVEN THE IRAQI GOVERNMENT ITSELF AND HAS
PUT FORWARD SUGGESTIONS THAT WOULD ROW BACK ON THE UNANIMOUS
AGREEMENT OF THE COUNCIL IN 1441 - THOSE SUGGESTIONS WOULD
AMOUNT TO NO ULTIMATUM/NO PRESSURE/NO DISARMAMENT;

GIVEN THIS SITUATION, WE HAVE AGREED THAT WE WILL NOT PURSUE
A VOTE ON THE DRAFT UK/U.S./SPANISH RESOLUTION IN BLUE;

THE COMMUNIQUES AND PRESS STATEMENTS THAT WERE ISSUED AT THE
AZORES SUMMIT EXPLAIN THE POSITION OF OUR GOVERNMENTS ON THE
WAY FORWARD. THE CO-SPONSORS RESERVE THEIR RIGHT TO TAKE
THEIR OWN STEPS TO SECURE THE DISARMAMENT OF IRAQ.


TRANSCRIPT OF AMBASSADOR NEGROPONTE'S COMMENTS TO THE PRESS
--------------------------------------------- --------------

3. (U) AMBASSADOR NEGROPONTE: GOOD MORNING. CAN YOU HEAR
ME? I WOULD LIKE TO SAY THAT WE ASSOCIATE OURSELVES FULLY
WITH THE STATEMENT MADE BY AMBASSADOR GREENSTOCK.

I WOULD JUST MAKE THE FURTHER POINT THAT IT HAS BEEN NEARLY
FOUR AND HALF MONTHS SINCE THE COUNCIL UNANIMOUSLY ADOPTED
RESOLUTION 1441, WHICH FOUND IRAQ IN MATERIAL BREACH AND GAVE
IT A FINAL OPPORTUNITY TO DISARM OR FACE SERIOUS
CONSEQUENCES.

THE GOVERNMENT OF IRAQ HAS CLEARLY FAILED TO COMPLY. OUR
GOVERNMENTS BELIEVE THAT THROUGH ACTS OF OMISSION AND
COMMISSION IRAQ IS NOW IN FURTHER MATERIAL BREACH.

WE ADVOCATED A SECOND RESOLUTION BECAUSE A UNITED COUNCIL
WOULD HAVE SHOWN IT WAS INTENT ON ENFORCING RESOLUTION 1441
AND DISARMING IRAQ. WE BELIEVE THAT THE VOTE WOULD HAVE BEEN
CLOSE. WE REGRET THAT IN THE FACE OF AN EXPLICIT THREAT TO
VETO BY A PERMANENT MEMBER, THE VOTE COUNTING BECAME A
SECONDARY CONSIDERATION. THANK YOU.


LAST OPPORTUNITY WAS SURRENDERED
--------------------------------

4. (U) IN HIS COMMENTS TO THE PRESS, SPANISH PERMREP ARIAS
STATED THAT UNSCR 1441 WAS QUITE CLEAR IN PARAGRAPH FOUR,
WHICH ESTABLISHED IN AN UNEQUIVOCAL WAY THAT ANY FALSE
STATEMENT OR OMISSION ON THE PART OF IRAQ WOULD CONSTITUTE A
FURTHER MATERIAL BREACH. ARIAS ADDED THAT IRAQ HAD BEEN GIVEN
ONE LAST OPPORTUNITY TO COMPLY, WHICH IT SURRENDERED.


NEGROPONTE

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