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Cablegate: Canada: Wi-Fi Survey Results

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 OTTAWA 001114

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EB/CIP

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: ECPS ECON ETRD CA
SUBJECT: CANADA: WI-FI SURVEY RESULTS

REFTEL: STATE 85946

WE SOLICITED RESPONSES TO THE REFTEL SURVEY FROM INDUSTRY
CANADA'S DIRECTOR FOR SPECTRUM AND RADIO POLICY FERNAND
LEGER. THE RESPONSES ARE LETTERED ACCORDING TO THE
QUESTIONS LISTED IN REFTEL:

A) Canada has designated several bands for license-exempt
operations including those currently of interest to Wi-
Fi\802.11 b\a\g standards and similar wireless
communication products (i.e. the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz.)

The band 2400-2483.5 MHz is available for a wide variety
of license-exempt applications and products including Wi-
Fi (802.11b standard) and higher power point-to-point
communications systems using directional antennas. The
Industry Canada (IC) rules for 2.4 GHz
(strategis.ic.gc.ca/SSG/sf01918e.html) and 5 GHz
(strategis.ic.gc.ca/SSG/sf01915e.html) spectrum
designations align with the FCC Part 15 Rules.

In Canada the designations for wireless LANS are:
--band 5150-5250 MHz - lower (relatively) power devices
to operate indoors (200 mW eirp max)
--band 5250-5350 MHZ - medium power, outdoor operation is
allowed (250 mW tx pwr, 1W eirp/11 dBm/MHz)
--band 5725-5825 MHz - higher power, outdoor operation is
allowed (1 W tx pwr, 4W eirp/17 dBm/MHz)
--band 5725-5850 MHZ - devices are allowed to operate
point-to-point with directional antennas. This band is
also designated for a range of lower power license-exempt
devices. The technical rules for operation and
certification of equipment are detailed in the Canadian
Radio Standard Specifications (RSS) 210
(strategis.ic.gc.ca/SSG/sf01320e.html)

General information on the Government of Canada's (GOC)
spectrum policies can be found at:
//strategis.ic.gc.ca/sc_mrksv/spectrum/engdoc /spect1.html
?icservices=e._

B) License-exempt operation of equipment certified as Wi-
Fi (802.11) is permitted in bands designated in the 2.4
GHz and 5 GHz ranges.

C) Commercial applications of Wi-Fi systems are permitted
and encouraged. License-exempt devices may constitute
transmission facilities to provide public
telecommunications services as defined in the Canadian
Telecommunications Act. Operators of license-exempt
transmission links may need to seek approval for antennas
and tower structures, and follow Industry Canada's
procedures for use of radio spectrum.

D) With the phenomenal uptake of Wi-Fi products to access
high-speed Internet by consumer and business users, a
number of traditional wireline and wireless carriers, new
service providers and ISPs offering high-speed Internet
have accelerated market trials for both Wi-Fi public
hotspots and use of Wi-Fi for providing high-speed
Internet access in urban areas. Interest in providing
high-speed Internet service using Wi-Fi technology is
also emerging in rural areas and sub-urban areas, where
the potential of interference is relatively low.

E and F) Private service providers are becoming
increasingly interested in using Wi-Fi products with more
directive antennas that provide longer reach to customers
in rural communities and surrounding areas. A number of
rural communities have access to high speed Internet
using a range of technologies including license-exempt
products such as Wi-Fi access. Wi-Fi is used in schools,
libraries, and health centers and governments offices in
rural communities. Information on Canadian wireless
ISP's can be found at:
www.onelasvegas.com/wireless/wireless_ISP_Can ada.html

Fixed wireless access technology, of all kinds, is an
important element of the GOC objective to enable the
development of a range of broadband Internet access
technologies to provide for under-served rural
communities. Industry Canada has a Broadband Pilot
Program (www.broadband.gc.ca/index_e.asp.) aimed at
encouraging the development of broadband services in a
number of rural and remote communities that are currently
not served by high-speed Internet. Several rural
communities have been provided financing to carry out
business studies and seek requests for proposals to
establish the cost of transport systems (where required)
and local broadband access facilities using a mixture of
wireline\wireless technologies, including fibre optics,
digital microwave systems and satellite transmission. In
the next phase of the program the communities will
present business and technical plans as part of their
applications to Industry Canada for financial assistance
to implement broadband service. Industry Canada
anticipates that some of these applications will use
wireline\wireless facilities. This will include licensed
and license-exempt local distribution facilities,
including Wi-Fi technology.

CELLUCCI#

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