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Cablegate: Tfiz01: Usaid/Prm Situation Report 7 April 2003

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 KUWAIT 001296

SIPDIS

STATE ALSO PASS USAID/W
STATE PLEASE REPEAT TO IO COLLECTIVE
STATE FOR PRM/ANE, EUR/SE, NEA/NGA, IO AND SA/PAB
NSC FOR EABRAMS, SMCCORMICK, STAHIR-KHELI, JDWORKEN
USAID FOR USAID/A, DCHA/AA, DCHA/RMT, DCHA/FFP
USAID FOR DCHA/OTI, DCHA/DG, ANE/AA
USAID FOR DCHA/OFDA:WGARVELINK, BMCCONNELL, KFARNSWORTH
USAID FOR ANE/AA:WCHAMBERLIN
ROME FOR FODAG
GENEVA FOR RMA AND NKYLOH
DOHA FOR MSHIRLEY
ANKARA FOR AMB WRPEARSON, ECON AJSIROTIC AND DART
AMMAN FOR USAID AND DART

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: EAID PREF IZ WFP
SUBJECT: TFIZ01: USAID/PRM SITUATION REPORT 7 APRIL 2003


-------
SUMMARY
-------

1. The first ship containing Australian-donated wheat is
expected to off-load at the main port in Kuwait City on 7
April. The DART's APU continues to engage NGOs and
Coalition forces on plans for responding to human rights
abuses. The USAID Reconstruction Team is working with ORHA,
Coalition forces, and international partners to prioritize
projects and coordinate plans for reconstruction. END
SUMMARY.

----
FOOD
----

2. The first of two ships carrying Australian-donated wheat
was not able to dock at the deep water port in Kuwait on 4
April as scheduled because a military vessel occupied the
berth. The ship was expected to dock and unload the 10,000
to 15,000 metric tons (MT) required to lighten the ship so
that it may dock at the shallower main port in Kuwait City
for final off-loading. It is now expected to dock in the
afternoon of 7 April.
3. The temporary restoration of the Oil for Food (OFF)
program, combined with other pressing non-food needs, has
prompted the Government of Australia (GOA) to transfer its
initial pledge of AUSD 83 million to the World Food Program
(WFP) to unspecified U.N. emergency operations under the
Flash Appeal (AUSD 38 million) and to other undetermined
operations (AUSD 45 million). The GOA now expects the
clearing, milling, and transport costs for the wheat to be
covered by the OFF, and the title of the wheat is expected
to transfer from the Australian Wheat Board (AWB) to WFP
upon arrival.
4. During a meeting on the Umm Qasr Port on 5 April,
Coalition forces reported that the channel had been cleared
to a 200-meter width (the goal is 1,000 meters). The 200-
meter width is expected to be sufficient to safely guide
even large bulk vessels into port. All nine berths at the
old port and three of the berths at the new port have been
cleared as well. The remaining nine berths at the new port
are expected to be cleared soon.
5. WFP stressed that there are two main issues that need to
be resolved to give shippers and insurers confidence. The
first is the need for Coalition technical assessments to be
declassified as soon as possible. The second is that ground
rules need to be publicly established regarding safe drafts
and areas/berths.

---------------------
ABUSE PREVENTION UNIT
---------------------

6. On 6 April, the DART's Abuse Prevention Unit (APU)
presented its program for dealing with human rights issues
at a meeting sponsored by Interaction. Over a dozen NGOs
engaged the APU on ways to prevent, deter, and respond to
abuses. On 7 April, the APU will meet with Coalition forces
to discuss plans for dealing with human rights abuses with
Military Police (MPs) and representatives of the Free Iraqi
Force (FIF).
7. A physician at the Umm Qasr hospital has reportedly
received death threats for cooperating with Coalition
forces. It has also been reported that the hospital has
been closed due to the threats. The DART will follow the
situation closely. Many of the town's residents remain
fearful of reprisals if they are caught talking to
representatives of international organizations or Coalition
forces.

---------------------------
USAID RECONSTRUCTION UPDATE
---------------------------

8. The USAID Infrastructure Team has developed a process to
prioritize reconstruction projects within USAID contractual
authority and project management responsibilities. The
intent is to communicate input to USAID from non-
governmental organizations (NGOs), international
organizations (IOs), the Office of Reconstruction and
Humanitarian Assistance (ORHA), and other actors into the
priorities of what gets rebuilt and when, within the
available budgetary resources.

9. The process balances a political need for a rapid start
on reconstruction with the potentially time-consuming
process for developing a coordinated Implementation Plan.
The USAID Mission has developed a "rolling" process starting
with a USAID seaport contractor, airport contractor, and
initial assets of the Iraq Infrastructure Reconstruction
(IIR) Contractor, as well as available in-theater U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers (USACE) assets under direction of USAID,
culminating with full mobilization of USAID IIR Contractor.

10. USAID's Local Governance team briefed the Danish
Foreign Ministry on USAID support for local Iraqi
administrations and facilitated their participation in
Coalition reconstruction and humanitarian efforts. The
Local Governance team established and is leading the ORHA
working group on crosscutting, ministerial functions
affecting local governance.

11. USAID's Power Sector Team is nearing completion of a
fuel supply matrix of all Iraqi power plants, as well as
early stage assessment checklist for USACE personnel who
will inspect the power plants. The Power Sector Team
forwarded a request to military intelligence to secure vital
data on on-site fuel storage capacity at all power plants.
A reply is expected within three days.

12. ORHA and Coalition Land Forces Component Command
(CFLCC) have agreed to support a team of leading civil
affairs officers from the 352nd Civil Affairs Command,
Department of the Army, to be based with the USAID
Reconstruction Team. This will ensure that the initial work
of civil affairs officers in Iraq benefits USAID's
reconstruction goals. Civil Affairs officers will be
provided to USAID in the following areas: education,
labor/social affairs, public communication, public works,
public transportation, and agriculture. A security liaison
will also be provided to the USAID Mission as part of the
team.

13. ORHA is planning to deploy initial staff to Umm Qasr,
as a first entry point into Iraq, both as a symbol of the on-
the-ground-relief/reconstruction presence and as an initial
conduit of relief and reconstruction work in Umm Qasr
itself. USAID is working with ORHA to define what
activities can be expeditiously proposed and implemented.
USAID regional coordinators are being sought for the north
and southern sectors of Iraq to provide liaison with
corresponding ORHA regional coordinators and to help oversee
eventual USAID activities in these parts of the country.

14. USAID's Education Unit and Civil Affairs are nearing
completion of an operational plan for the first phase of
education program implementation in theater. The plan will
address school infrastructure repair and supplies, provision
of potable water/sanitation, and the textbook review
process.

JONES

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