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Cablegate: Exbs: Doe/Nnsa Nuclear Training And

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 ANKARA 002345

SIPDIS


SENSITIVE


E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: KNNP PARM PREL TU
SUBJECT: EXBS: DOE/NNSA NUCLEAR TRAINING AND
CONSULTATIONS IN TURKEY, MARCH 2004

1. (SBU) SUMMARY: EXPERTS FROM DOE/NNSA AND DOE LABS
HELD NUCLEAR EXPORT-RELATED CONSULTATIONS AND TRAINING
IN TURKEY THE WEEK OF MARCH 15, 2004. THE USG TEAM
PRESENTED A 2-DAY NUCLEAR-RELATED COMMODITY
IDENTIFICATION TRAINING (CIT) SEMINAR FOR APPROXIMATELY
24 REPRESENTATIVES OF TURKISH GOVERNMENT EXPORT CONTROL
ENFORCEMENT AND LICENSING AGENCIES INCLUDING CUSTOMS,
JANDARMA, MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENSE (MND), TURKISH
GENERAL STAFF (TGS), UNDERSECRETARIAT OF FOREIGN TRADE
(UFT), MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS (MFA), ISTANBUL
MINERAL AND METAL EXPORTER'S UNION (IMMIB), AND THE
TURKISH ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY (TAEK). THE TRAINING
WAS WELL RECEIVED, WITH AN EXCEPTIONAL LEVEL OF STUDENT
PARTICIPATION AND INTEREST. THE USG TEAM ALSO
DISCUSSED WITH GOT REPRESENTATIVES POTENTIAL FUTURE
EXPORT CONTROL COOPERATION, INCLUDING THE CREATION OF A
"CORE GROUP" OF U.S. AND TURKISH EXPORT CONTROL
ENFORCEMENT AND TECHNICAL PERSONNEL TO PURSUE
DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF INDIGENOUS COMMODITY
IDENTIFICATION TRAINING. THIS GROUP, FOR PURPOSES OF
NUCLEAR-RELATED LICENSING AND ENFORCEMENT, WILL ALSO
PARTICIPATE IN FOLLOW-ON (IN-DEPTH) TECHNICAL TRAINING.
END SUMMARY.


2. (SBU) DOE/NNSA TEAM PRESENTED A TWO-DAY SEMINAR ON
NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION AWARENESS AND COMMODITY
IDENTIFICATION TRAINING (CIT) ON MARCH 16 AND 17, 2004,
AIMED AT TRAINING ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL HOW TO VISUALLY
IDENTIFY NUCLEAR-RELATED COMMODITIES AND AT
STRENGTHENING TURKEY'S EXPORT CONTROL ENFORCEMENT BY
DEVELOPING MORE EFFECTIVE COOPERATION BETWEEN
ENFORCEMENT OFFICIALS AND TECHNICAL EXPERTS. THE
DOE/NNSA TEAM INCLUDED TODD PERRY (DOE/HQ), LORETTA
WEISS (LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY), SCOTT JONES
(UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA), KIRSTEN LAURIN-KOVITZ (ARGONNE
NATIONAL LABORATORY), STEVE VASEL (GREGG PROTECTION
SERVICES), AND WILLIAM HELM (KANSAS CITY PLANT).
TURKISH PARTICIPANTS INCLUDED REPRESENTATIVES FROM
CUSTOMS, TGS, MND, TAEK, IMMIB, MFA, UFT, JANDARMA, AND
COAST GUARD. THE DOE TEAM WORKED WITH TURKISH
PARTICIPANTS TO UNDERSCORE THE IMPORTANCE OF INDIGENOUS
DEVELOPMENT OF FUTURE, LONGER-TERM EXPORT CONTROL
TRAINING.


3. (SBU) IN A MARCH 15 MEETING IN ANKARA, THE DOE TEAM
AND EMBASSY STAFF PROVIDED AN OVERVIEW OF THEIR
OBJECTIVES AND ACTIVITIES FOR THE WEEK. A BRIEF
DESCRIPTION OF THE COMMODITY IDENTIFICATION TRAINING
(CIT) COURSE AND SAMPLE COURSE MATERIALS WERE PROVIDED.


4. (SBU) AT THE RECOMMENDATION OF POST, THE DOE TEAM
MET WITH REPRESENTATIVES OF TURKISH EXPORT/BORDER
ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES TO 1) PROVIDE AN OVERVIEW OF THE
DOE/NNSA TRAINING AND PARTNERSHIP OBJECTIVES (INCLUDING
TURKISH PEER-REVIEW OF THE TRAINING COURSE) AND 2) TO
REQUEST INFORMATION ON THE RELATIVE ROLES,
RESPONSIBILITIES, AND TRAINING APPROACHES OF TURKISH
ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED EXPORT CONTROL ENFORCEMENT.
TURKISH PARTICIPANTS INCLUDED COL SALIH ASLAN (COAST
GUARD), COL FERHAT KONYA (JANDARMA), LTC SALIH ZEKI
AYDIN (TGS), LTC CENGIZ UYGUR (TGS), MAJ HAKAN ARISUT
(TGS) LTC AYHANKIRILMAZKOL (MND). THE DOE TEAM FOCUSED
ON THE EXPORT AND TRANSHIPMENT OF NUCLEAR-RELATED DUAL-
USE EQUIPMENT AND PROVIDED EXAMPLES OF DOE/NNSA
PARTNERSHIP ACTIVITIES WITH OTHER COUNTRIES (E.G.,
UKRAINE). THE JANDARMA SHARED INFORMATION ON 1) THE
AREA OF BORDER CONTROL RESPONSIBILITY, 2) DRUG
SMUGGLING AND HUMAN TRAFFICKING ROUTES, ACKNOWLEDGING
THAT THESE ROUTES COULD ALSO BE USED FOR ILLEGAL DUAL-
USE TRANSIT, 3) PROCEDURES FOR INTERAGENCY
CONSULTATIONS WHEN ILLEGAL MATERIAL IS APPREHENDED, AND
4) BENEFITS TO JANDARMA OF U.S. COMMODITY
IDENTIFICATION TRAINING AND THE POSSIBILITY OF
INCORPORATING SUCH TRAINING INTO JANDARMA'S TRAINING
SCHOOL AND BORDER TRAINING UNITS. THE MND REP DESCRIBED
TURKEY'S INTERNATIONAL EXPORT CONTROL OBLIGATIONS UNDER
VARIOUS REGIMES, CONCENTRATING ON THE ESTABLISHED
EXPORT LICENSING PROCEDURE FOR MILITARY ITEMS AND
GOODS. LICENSING OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS AND NUCLEAR-
RELATED DUAL USE ITEMS IS HANDLED THROUGH TAEK, WHILE
THE UFT (THROUGH THE IMMIB) MAINTAINS THE DUAL-USE
LIST.


5. (SBU) TWO BRIEF MEETINGS WERE HELD AT GOT CUSTOMS
ON MARCH 15, THE FIRST WITH THE GENERAL DIRECTORATE OF
CUSTOMS (INCLUDING RAMAZAN ULUS AND ARIF KUMBUL) AND
THE SECOND WITH DEPUTY DIRECTOR OF THE CUSTOMS
ENFORCEMENT CIHAT ANCIN. TURKISH INTERLOCUTORS BRIEFED
ON THE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF CUSTOMS, WHILE THE
DOE TEAM PROVIDED AN OVERVIEW OF THE DOE/NNSA TRAINING
AND PARTNERSHIP OBJECTIVES IN TURKEY. IN A FOLLOW-UP
MEETING, ANCIN DESCRIBED THE CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT
DIVISION AND STATED THAT TRAINING FOR CUSTOMS
ENFORCEMENT ON IDENTIFICATION OF DUAL USE COMMODITIES
WOULD BE USEFUL TO THE GOT IN COMBATING PROLIFERATION
WITHOUT NEGATIVELY AFFECTING TRADE. ANCIN ALSO RAISED
THE IMPORTANCE OF INTELLIGENCE INFORMATION IN TARGETING
SHIPMENTS FOR INSPECTION, AND POINTED OUT THAT WHILE
CUSTOMS HAS THE AUTHORITY TO SEIZE AND HOLD A SUSPECT
SHIPMENT INDEFINITELY, TRANSIT SHIPMENTS ARE GENERALLY
NOT INSPECTED.


6. (SBU) ON MARCH 17, PERRY AND JONES MET WITH ARSLAN
ERGEZER OF THE EU MISSION TO DISCUSS EU EXPORT CONTROL
ASSISTANCE TO TURKEY, AS EXPORT CONTROL ISSUES ARE
MANAGED UNDER THE FRAMEWORK OF THE EUROPEAN CUSTOMS
UNION. THE EU IS ASSISTING TURKEY IN MODERNIZING ITS
CUSTOMS SERVICE AND INFRASTRUCTURE, BUT CONSIDERS
NONPROLIFERATION EXPORT CONTROL SUPPORT INCIDENTAL TO
TURKEY'S COMPLIANCE TO THE ACQUIS COMMUNITAIRE.
FURTHERMORE, COMPLIANCE WITH THE EU'S DUAL-USE EXPORT
CONTROL REGIME REQUIRES ONLY THAT TURKISH REGULATIONS
BE IN FULL PARITY WITH THE ACQUIS.


7. (SBU) ON MARCH 18, THE DOE TEAM RECEIVED A BRIEFING
ON TURKISH ANTI-DRUG AND ORGANIZED CRIME TRAINING
CENTER (TADOC) (HISTORY, FUNDING, TRAINING STATISTICS)
AND A TOUR OF ITS STATE-OF-THE-ART TRAINING FACILITY
FROM TADOC DIRECTOR CELAL BODUR. TADOC CONDUCTS A
VARIETY OF ANTI-CRIME-RELATED TRAINING COURSES FOR
TURKISH NATIONAL POLICE (TNP), JANDARMA, CUSTOMS, AND
COAST GUARD. TADOC ALSO SERVES AS AN INTERNATIONAL
ANTI-CRIME TRAINING CENTER, CONDUCTING SOME 6 REGIONAL
AND 20 BILATERAL TRAINING PROGRAMS PER YEAR. THE DOE
TEAM ASSESSED TADOC'S FACILITY AS AN EXCELLENT VENUE
FOR INECP NONPROLIFERATION AND COMMODITY IDENTIFICATION
TRAINING BUT FURTHER DISCUSSION IS NEEDED TO DETERMINE
THE MOST APPROPRIATE INDIGENOUS TRAINING STRATEGY
(I.E., A CENTRALIZED APPROACH VS. A REGIONAL/MOBILE
APPROACH) FOR EACH ENFORCEMENT AGENCY.


8. (SBU) THE TEAM ALSO MET MARCH 18 WITH THE
UNDERSECRETARIAT OF CUSTOMS TO RECEIVE FEEDBACK ON THE
CIT SEMINAR AND TO DISCUSS PLANS FOR INCORPORATING
SIMILAR TRAINING INTO CUSTOMS TRAINING AGENDAS. DEPUTY
DIRECTOR FOR ENFORCEMENT ANCIN SAID HIS STAFF FOUND THE
TRAINING TO BE VERY VALUABLE AND AGREED TO PURSUE THIS
TYPE OF TRAINING WITHIN CUSTOMS, INCLUDING FOR
REGIONAL/BORDER INSPECTORS. ENSUING DISCUSSION
CENTERED ON UNDERSTANDING THE CUSTOMS TRAINING
STRUCTURE (INCLUDING THE CUSTOMS TRAINING DEPARTMENT)
AND HOW TO PARTNER WITH THE TURKISH ATOMIC ENERGY
AUTHORITY (TAEK) TO DEVELOP AND PROVIDE COMMODITY
IDENTIFICATION TRAINING WITHIN THIS STRUCTURE. THE DOE
TEAM AND TURKISH INTERLOCUTORS AGREED TO CREATE A "CORE
GROUP" OF CIT DEVELOPERS/TRAINERS CONSISTING OF U.S.
TECHNICAL EXPERTS AND DESIGNATED CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT
AND TAEK PERSONNEL. CENTRALIZED (ANKARA), REGIONAL,
AND NEW-RECRUIT TRAINING APPROACHES WERE DISCUSSED,
INCLUDING THE NEED FOR FOLDING IN REGIONAL- AND BORDER-
SPECIFIC ASPECTS OF THE TRANSIT PROBLEM. BARIS DEMIREL
AND GURKAN OZTURK WERE DESIGNATED AS THE CUSTOMS POCS
FOR FIRST MEETING OF THE CORE GROUP, PROPOSED FOR THE
END OF JULY 2004.


9. (SBU) POST ARRANGED A BRIEF MEETING FOR THE U.S.
TEAM ON MARCH 18 WITH THE REGIONAL OFFICE OF THE DEA
(BRIAN SHANAHAN). DISCUSSIONS CENTERED ON DEA'S VIEW
OF TURKISH INTERAGENCY COORDINATION (INVOLVING TURKISH
CUSTOMS, JANDARMA, AND TNP), DEA TRAINING FOR
INTEGRATED GROUPS OF TNP, CUSTOMS, AND JANDARMA, AND
GEOGRAPHICAL ASPECTS OF THE SMUGGLING THREAT.
ACCORDING TO SHANAHAN, THE JANDARMA IS RESPONSIBLE FOR
APPROXIMATELY 80% OF TURKISH LAND TERRITORY, WITH
CUSTOMS RESPONSIBLE FOR ENTRY POINTS, PORTS, AND
AIRPORTS, AND THE COAST GUARD MAINTAINS LITTORAL
OPERATIONAL CONTROL. TIR TRANSIT TRAFFIC WAS THE
PRIMARY MEANS OF NARCOTICS SMUGGLING. DEA ENDORSED
TADOC AS A POSSIBLE TRAINING SITE, AS DEA USES TADOC
FOR MANY OF ITS TRAINING ACTIVITIES.


10. (SBU) THE FINAL MEETING ON MARCH 18 WAS WITH THE
TURKISH ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY (TAEK). THE U.S. TEAM
HELD TWO MEETINGS AT TAEK, THE FIRST WITH MEMBERS OF
THE TAEK STAFF (HAYRI AKBIYIK AND ZAFER ALPER) TO
RECEIVE FEEDBACK ON THE CIT TRAINING AND TO DISCUSS
PLANS FOR ENHANCING TAEK EXPERTISE ON NUCLEAR DUAL-USE
TECHNOLOGY; AND THE SECOND WITH DR. MEHMET TOMAK,
PRESIDENT OF TAEK, TO ESTABLISH AN AGREEMENT AND
FRAMEWORK FOR UPCOMING JOINT ACTIVITIES. TAEK
REPRESENTATIVES EXPRESSED A DESIRE TO RECEIVE FURTHER
IN-DEPTH TRAINING ON NUCLEAR DUAL-USE TECHNOLOGY AND
COMMODITY IDENTIFICATION, TO ENHANCE TAEK'S ABILITY TO
1) MORE EFFECTIVELY MEET ITS DUAL-USE LICENSING
MANDATE, 2) SERVE AS A RESOURCE FOR EXPORT CONTROL
ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES, AND 3) BECOME DEVELOPERS AND
TRAINERS OF INDIGENOUS CIT. EVENTUAL EXTENSION OF
NUCLEAR DUAL-USE TRAINING TO FULL WMD DUAL-USE TRAINING
WAS ALSO DISCUSSED. AS WITH CUSTOMS, A DECISION WAS
MADE TO CREATE A "CORE GROUP" OF U.S., CUSTOMS, AND
TAEK CIT DEVELOPERS/TRAINERS. HAYRI AKBIYIK WILL BE
THE TAEK POC FOR THE FIRST MEETING OF THE CORE GROUP.
IN THE SECOND MEETING PRESIDENT TOMAK EXPRESSED HIS
SATISFACTION WITH THE CIT COURSE AND HIS ENDORSEMENT OF
FUTURE WORK TOGETHER. HE REQUESTED THAT A LETTER BE
SENT OUTLINING DOE/NNSA/INECP OBJECTIVES AND NEAR-TERM
PLANS WITH TAEK - IN HIS WORDS, A "FRAMEWORK FOR
CONTINUED COOPERATION" - THAT WOULD FACILITATE HIS
ABILITY TO INCORPORATE JOINT ACTIVITIES INTO HIS WORK
PLAN. DR. TOMAK ALSO NOTED TWO AREAS OF PARTICULAR
INTEREST: INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND
EDUCATION. PERRY AGREED TO PROVIDE DR. TOMAK WITH AN
OUTLINE FOR UPCOMING INECP ACTIVITIES AND COOPERATION,
INFORMATION ON COMPUTERIZED LICENSING SYSTEMS, AND
RECOMMENDED THAT TAEK TECHNICAL EXPERTS CONSIDER
PARTICIPATION IN THE JUNE MALTA TRANSSHIPMENT
CONFERENCE. DR. TOMAK ALSO EXPRESSED INTEREST IN THE
NSG INFORMATION SHARING SYSTEM (NISS), AND PERRY SAID
HE WOULD PROVIDE INFORMATION ON THE APPROPRIATE METHOD
OF GAINING ACCESS.


11. (SBU) ON MARCH 19, THE DOE TEAM TRAVELED TO
ISTANBUL TO MEET WITH MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF THE IMMIB
(INCLUDING MEHMET ZEREN, DEPUTY SECRETARY GENERAL, AND
COSKUN KIRLIOGLU, HEAD OF IMMIB R&D). ALSO PRESENT
WERE DENIZ ERDOGAN, MFA, AND GULAY TANRIYAPISI,
UNDERSECRETARIAT FOR FOREIGN TRADE. THE MEETING,
LARGELY QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS, TOUCHED ON MANY ASPECTS
OF EXPORT CONTROL LICENSING PROCEDURE IN TURKEY. MOST
OF THE ESTABLISHED PROCEDURES REFER TO MILITARY ITEMS;
LICENSING OF NUCLEAR-RELATED DUAL USE ITEMS UNDER
TURKEY'S NSG COMMITMENT IS NOT AS WELL ESTABLISHED, AND
THE PROCEDURES DO NOT APPEAR TO BE AS WELL UNDERSTOOD.
TAEK, NOT IMMIB, IS THE REFERRAL AGENCY FOR NUCLEAR
DUAL-USE EXPORT LICENSES. THE U.S. TEAM INQUIRED ABOUT
END-USE/END-USER ANALYSIS, CONDUCTED UNDER THE PURVIEW
OF THE MFA, IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE RELEVANT AGENCIES,
AS PART OF IMMIB'S LICENSING PROCESS; THE STATUS OF
INDUSTRY OUTREACH TO NUCLEAR AND WMD-RELATED EXPORTERS;
AND HOW TECHNICAL QUESTIONS ON TARGETED/SEIZED
SHIPMENTS ARE HANDLED. ATTENDEES SUGGESTED CONTINUING
INTERACTION ON THESE TOPICS WITH IMMIB AND UFT
REPRESENTATIVES AT THE UPCOMING U.S.-TURKISH INDUSTRY-
GOVERNMENT EXECUTIVE FORUM ON MAY 17-20. IMMIB
REPRESENTATIVES WILL BE KEPT AWARE OF DEVELOPMENTS
INVOLVING THE "CORE GROUP" BUT WILL INITIALLY NOT TO BE
MEMBERS OF THIS INDIGENOUS CIT DEVELOPMENT/TRAINING
GROUP. IMMIB OFFERED USE OF ITS TRAINING FACILITIES IN
ISTANBUL HOWEVER. IMMIB POCS FOR FUTURE INTERACTIONS
ARE MEHMET ZEREN AND COSKUN KIRLIOGLU.


12. (SBU) COMMENT: THE DOE/NNSA TRAINING WAS WELL
RECEIVED AND TURKISH INTERLOCUTORS WERE ENTHUSIASTIC
ABOUT FUTURE EXBS COOPERATION. THE TRAINING TEAM AND
THE EMBASSY AGREE THAT FUTURE TRAINING SESSIONS COULD
BE CONDUCTED MORE COST EFFECTIVELY IF HOSTED AT AN
EXISTING TURKISH TRAINING CENTER SUCH AS TADOC, IMMIB,
OR THE JANDARMA TRAINING CENTER (VICE AT A HOTEL).
SUCH A SITUATION WOULD ALSO ALLOW THE GOT TO TAKE MORE
OWNERSHIP OF THE TRAINING AND FACILITATE THE
INCORPORATION OF IT INTO THEIR OWN CURRICULA.


EDELMAN

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