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Cablegate: Democratic Republic of the Congo (Drc): Fy

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

UNCLAS KINSHASA 001830

SIPDIS

AIDAC
STATE FOR AF/C ALLAN EASTHAM, C.PASCHALL
STATE FOR INR/AA
AID/W FOR DCHA/OFDA - I.MACNAIRN, M.MARX, T.MCRAE
AID/W FOR DCHA/FFP - DWELLER, N.CARLSON, N.COX
AID/W FOR AFR - K. O'DONNELL
NAIROBI FOR USAID/OFDA/ARO - J.MYER
NAIROBI FOR USAID/FFP - P. FESSENDEN, A.DEPREZ
ROME FOR USUN FODAG - T.LAVELLE

E.O. 12958; NA
TAGS: EAID PREF CG
SUBJECT: DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO (DRC): FY
2005 DISASTER DECLARATION


1. (U) SUMMARY: THE U.S. AMBASSADOR TO DRC HAS
DETERMINED THAT THE EMERGENCY HUMANITARIAN NEEDS
BROUGHT ABOUT BY THE WAR OF 1998-2003 CONTINUE, AND
THAT THE CRISIS IS OF SIGNIFICANT MAGNITUDE TO WARRANT
THE U.S. GOVERNMENT'S CONTINUED ASSISTANCE IN FY 2005.
THE GOVERNMENT OF DRC HAS ESTABLISHED A NEW MINISTRY OF
HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS TO ASSIST INTERNATIONAL
HUMANITARIAN AGENCIES IN COORDINATING EMERGENCY
ASSISTANCE. MISSION AND ITS FIELD PARTNERS APPRECIATE
THE U.S. GOVERNMENT'S CONTRIBUTIONS IN FY 2004. THIS
ASSISTANCE HELPED SIGNIFICANTLY TO ALLEVIATE THE
CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR FOR PARTICULARLY VULNERABLE
POPULATIONS. MISSION REQUESTS THAT OFDA FUNDING BE
CONTINUED. END SUMMARY.
2. (U) THE CHIEF OF MISSION HEREBY DETERMINES THAT THE
COMPLEX HUMANITARIAN EMERGENCY IN DRC BROUGHT ABOUT BY
THE WAR WHICH STARTED IN AUGUST 1998, CONTINUES TO BE
OF SIGNIFICANT MAGNITUDE TO WARRANT U.S. GOVERNMENT'S
ASSISTANCE IN FY 2005. CONTINUED OFDA FUNDING IS
THEREFORE REQUESTED.
3. (U) THE WAR RESULTED IN THE DISPLACEMENT OF OVER 2
MILLION CIVILIANS AND PARALYZED BASIC SOCIAL SERVICES
(HEALTH, EDUCATION AND SANITATION) IN THE EASTERN PARTS
OF THE COUNTRY FOR MORE THAN FIVE YEARS. IT DISRUPTED
AN ALREADY WEAK TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE AND
AGGRAVATED THE IMPOVERISHMENT OF MILLIONS OF CONGOLESE.
ALTHOUGH THE WAR IS OFFICIALLY OVER AND A NEW
TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT IS IN PLACE, INSECURITY
CONTINUES IN MANY PARTS OF THE COUNTRY DUE TO THE
EXISTENCE OF ARMED GROUPS NOT PARTY TO THE PEACE
PROCESS. EVEN IN AREAS HAVING SEEN A RETURN OVER THE
PAST YEAR TO RELATIVE STABILITY, THE HUMANITARIAN
SITUATION WILL IMPROVE ONLY SLOWLY. MISSION ANTICIPATES
THAT DISASTER ASSISTANCE FUNDS WILL BE NEEDED THROUGH
FY 2005 IN ORDER TO RESPOND TO THE IMMEDIATE NEEDS OF
INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS (IDPS), RETURNING IDPS,
AND OTHER WAR-AFFECTED VULNERABLE POPULATIONS.
4. (U) UNDER THE TRANSITIONAL CONSTITUTION, A NEW
MINISTRY OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS AND SOLIDARITY HAS
BEEN CREATED. HOWEVER, MISSION BELIEVES THAT THE ON-
GOING HUMANITARIAN CRISIS IS BEYOND THE GOVERNMENT'S
OWN CAPACITY TO RESPOND EFFECTIVELY. ON SEVERAL
OCCASIONS, GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS HAVE APPEALED TO DONORS
AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS FOR ASSISTANCE TO WAR-
STRICKEN POPULATIONS. MISSION ALSO BELIEVES IT IS IN
THE U.S. GOVERNMENT'S INTEREST TO PROVIDE HUMANITARIAN
ASSISTANCE TO THOSE MOST AFFECTED BY THE WAR.
5. (U) MISSION AND ITS FIELD PARTNERS APPRECIATE THE
U.S. GOVERNMENT'S CONTRIBUTIONS IN FY 2004. THIS
ASSISTANCE HELPED SIGNIFICANTLY TO ALLEVIATE THE
CONSEQUENCES OF THE WAR FOR THE ASSISTED POPULATIONS.
IN FY 2004, USG FUNDS WERE USED TO SECURE SEEDS AND
TOOLS FOR RETURNEE POPULATIONS ATTEMPTING TO RESTART
THEIR LIVES, FOR SHELTER AND BASIC NON-FOOD ITEMS FOR
IDPS, AND FOR PRIMARY HEALTH CARE FOR POPULATIONS IN
THE MOST WAR-AFFECTED HEALTH ZONES. USG FUNDS WERE
ALSO USED TO REOPEN THE CRITICAL RAILROAD LINE BETWEEN
LUBUMBASHI AND KINDU, GREATLY CONTRIBUTING TO THE FOOD
SECURITY OF POPULATIONS THAT HAD REMAINED ISOLATED FOR
THE DURATION OF THE WAR. USG FUNDS CONTINUE TO PLAY
THE CRITICAL ROLE OF PROVIDING SUBSIDIZED AIR
TRANSPORTATION FOR NGOS REACHING DIFFICULT-TO-ACCESS
AREAS TO DELIVER RELIEF SUPPLIES.
MEECE

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