Cablegate: Goz Steps Up Arrests of Forex Externalizers

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

120835Z Nov 04





E. O. 12958: N/A
SUBJECT: GOZ Steps Up Arrests of Forex Externalizers

Sensitive but unclassified. Not for Internet posting.

1. (SBU) Summary: The GOZ has again been arresting
prominent Zimbabwean businesspersons for sending foreign
exchange offshore. The GOZ appears to believe that these
high profile arrests will deter others from exchanging
forex on the ever-resilient parallel market. End

2. (SBU) Over the past week, the GOZ has arrested at
least eight leading businesspersons affiliated with
mobile phone operators Econet and Telecel. Among those

- James Makamba, who has already spent most of the year
behind bars on similar charges. The opposition press has
asserted that Makamba's alleged extramarital liaison with
First Lady Grace Mugabe is the underlying reason for his

- Econet CEO Douglas Mboweni, an Embassy contact.

- PG Industries COO Nyasha Zhou, who serves on the Econet
Board of Director but does not oversee the firm's day-to-
day operations. Zhou participated in a U.S. Embassy-
sponsored seminar about hyperinflationary coping tactics
for businesses last year, and serves as Chairman of the
Board of Zambuko Trust, a micro-finance institution and
longstanding USAID partner.

- Jane Mutasa, one of Zimbabwe's top businesswomen and a
member of Telecel's board of directors.

These new inmates join Finance Minister Chris Kuruneri in
detention. The GOZ has held Kuruneri since March and
alleges that he externalized funds to build a beachfront
Cape Town mansion. This week, a local judge denied
Kuruneri bail for the third time.

3. (SBU) Reserve Bank Deputy Governor Charity Dhliwayo,
who oversees exchange control, told us on Monday that the
GOZ still considers the parallel market trading a threat
to the economy and will pursue anyone who trades or sends
abroad forex through these informal channels. In his
October 28 policy statement, Reserve Bank Governor Gideon
Gono said he seeks to "ensure that regulatory provisions
around parallel market dealing are tightened further."

4. (SBU) The GOZ's approach to monetary policy and
disinflation is largely limited to exchange rate
management. To frighten people and firms from dealing on
the parallel market, the Government has sporadically
arrested high-profile businesspersons. One senior banker
commented that cracking down on businessmen and
corruption is part of the GOZ's demagogic pandering to
the masses to gain popularity in advance of the March
elections. The consensus of Zimbabwean businessmen from
various sectors is that this tactic is resonating with
large numbers of Zimbabweans. At the same time, the
GOZ's selective crackdown against "externalizers," which
includes almost all businessmen, keeps the moneyed elite
off balance and beholden to Mugabe and his favored inner
circle. In terms of economic impact, the GOZ's zealous
enforcement has dampened but not eliminated parallel
trading. Local contacts tell us this week's buy/sell
midpoint for U.S. dollars has been Z$8,700, a forty
percent premium to the official Z$6,200 exchange rate.


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