Search

 

Cablegate: 2004 Gmo and Biosafety Developments in Croatia

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

UNCLAS ZAGREB 002196

SIPDIS


FOR PES/ETC-H. LEE, EB/TPP/ABT-R. SINGH, USDA/FAS/BIG-J. PASSINO

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: SENV ETRD EAGR EAID TBIO HR
SUBJECT: 2004 GMO AND BIOSAFETY DEVELOPMENTS IN CROATIA

REF: STATE 259661

1. Reftel requested an update on biosafety issues in
preparation for the next meeting of the parties to the Cartagena
Protocol. As an EU candidate country, Croatia will almost
certainly follow the EC lead on any biosafety or GMO issue.
Following is an overview of recent developments on these issues.

2. Three laws passed in 2003 (the Law on Food, the Law on Nature
Protection, and the Law on Consumer Protection) establish a
regulatory framework for the introduction of GMO crops and foods
to Croatia; in fact, given the absence of a working registration
system, they constitute a de-facto ban on GMO products.
Responsibility for biotech policy is divided among three
ministries.

3. The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Water Management
shares responsibility with the Ministry of Culture for licensing
and testing GMO seeds. The Ministry of Agriculture is also
responsible for "cleaning-up" unauthorized GMO release into
nature. Minister of Agriculture Petar Cobankovic has taken it
upon himself (above and beyond the law) to compensate farmers
whose land was contaminated by the unauthorized release of
Pioneer GMO seeds this summer; currently the Ministry is suing
Pioneer to recoup its expense. The case is likely to be tied up
in Croatian courts for years.

4. The Ministry of Culture is responsible for "nature
protection": regulating the release into nature of GMOs. When
the GoC passed the Law on Nature Protection in 2003, the nature
protection portfolio originally fell to the Ministry of
Environment; in January 2004, a newly-elected GoC shifted
responsibility for registering and licensing GMO seeds to the
Ministry of Culture. The Ministry of Culture is also responsible
for insuring GMO seeds are not planted on any of Croatia's
numerous protected areas.

5. A GoC bill on novel foods has passed its first reading in
the Parliament, and will be taken up again in early 2005. The
law is designed to establish a clear regulatory and licensing
procedure for GMO crops and food. It has been painted as a
necessary part of EU legislative harmonization, and though it
would allow GMOs on the Croatian market, press reports focus on
the great difficulties the law would impose of potential GMO
importers and harsh financial penalties for unauthorized GMO
release. The Institute for Public Health houses the only in-
country facility capable of testing foods for GMOs.


FRANK


NNNN

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
World Headlines

 


Myanmar: Military Must Stop Murdering And Jailing Protestors – Bachelet

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet on Thursday said security forces in Myanmar must “halt their vicious crackdown on peaceful protestors,” following another day of deadly violence across the country on Wednesday... More>>

Syria: Economic Decline, Rising Hunger And Surging Humanitarian Needs

Syria’s fragile economy has “suffered multiple shocks” over the past 18 months, with its currency plummeting and joblessness swelling as people struggle to cover their basic needs, the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator told the Security Council ... More>>

OECD: Final Quarter Of 2020 Shows Continued Recovery In G20 International Merchandise Trade

G20 international merchandise trade continued to rebound in the fourth quarter of 2020 ( exports up 7.2% and imports up 6.8%), following the sharp falls seen in the first half of 2020, as lockdown measures affected trade globally. Although growth ... More>>


Focus On: UN SDGs


UNFCCC: Greater Climate Ambition Urged As Initial NDC Synthesis Report Is Published

UN Climate Change today published the Initial NDC Synthesis Report, showing nations must redouble efforts and submit stronger, more ambitious national climate action plans in 2021 if they’re to achieve the Paris Agreement goal of limiting global temperature rise by 2°C—ideally 1.5°C—by the end of the century... More>>


2021: Critical Year To ‘reset Our Relationship With Nature’ – UN Chief

During this time of “crisis and fragility”, the UN chief told the United Nations Environment Assembly on Monday that human well-being and prosperity can be vastly improved by prioritizing nature-based solutions. Painting a picture of the turmoil ... More>>


Paris Agreement: UN Secretary-General António Guterres To Mark U.S. Reentry With Envoy For Climate John Kerry

Watch live at webtv.un.org UN Secretary-General António Guterres will join U.S. Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John F. Kerry at an event marking the United States’ reentry into the Paris Agreement this Friday. The discussion with the Secretary-General ... More>>