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Cablegate: Peru On G-4 Framework Resolution for Un Reform

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

C O N F I D E N T I A L LIMA 003075

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/14/2015
TAGS: PREL PE UNSC
SUBJECT: PERU ON G-4 FRAMEWORK RESOLUTION FOR UN REFORM

REF: STATE 126870

Classified By: Ambassador Curtis Struble for Reason 1.4 (B, D)

1....

id: 36587
date: 7/14/2005 16:23
refid: 05LIMA3075
origin: Embassy Lima
classification: CONFIDENTIAL
destination: 05STATE126870
header:
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.


----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L LIMA 003075

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/14/2015
TAGS: PREL PE UNSC
SUBJECT: PERU ON G-4 FRAMEWORK RESOLUTION FOR UN REFORM

REF: STATE 126870

Classified By: Ambassador Curtis Struble for Reason 1.4 (B, D)

1. (SBU) Ambassador delivered reftel demarche on 7/13 to
Foreign Minister Manuel Rodriguez. Ambassador stressed that
it would be counterproductive to call for a vote now on the
G-4 resolution on Security Council (UNSC) expansion -- the
resolution is contrary to the interests of many important
countries who want to have a role in an expanded Council, and
greater progress is needed on overall UN reform before we
focus on the specific issue of the Security Council.

2. (C) Rodriguez said that Peru also wants to avoid having
this issue come to a vote and he would instruct his UN
Mission to work closely with the U.S. toward that end. If a
vote is held, the Foreign Minister said, it would present a
very complex issue for the GOP. Peru has made bilateral
commitments to support permanent seats for Brazil, India,
Germany and South Africa. Especially because of the
importance of Brazil to Peru's interests, a call for a vote
on these countries would put great pressure on the GOP to
vote yes. Japan as a permanent member is presently a
delicate issue for Peru. In the abstract, the GOP recognizes
the importance of Japan on the world scene, but as long as
former President Fujimori is exiled there, Peru cannot come
out in favor of a permanent Japanese seat. If the G-4
resolution were to come to a vote, Rodriguez concluded,
Peru's options would be either to come out in favor or to
abstain, in either case providing an explanation of the vote.

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3. (SBU) Rodriguez wanted to pursue a nuanced approach. He
said it was important to maintain the equities and balance of
interests of the post-war era represented in the Security
Council. UNSC expansion should make the Council more
realistic in representation, but also more effective in
accomplishing its role. Four new countries with veto powers
would be unworkable. Peru wanted to see more non-permanent
members, but finds the African proposal with five new members
from their region to be unrealistic. Peru would favor a more
conservative approach -- there ought to be new Council
members, perhaps using a mix of two and four year terms, but
the Council should not become huge and unwieldy, which could
just lead to more vetoes.
STRUBLE

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

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