Scoop has an Ethical Paywall
Work smarter with a Pro licence Learn More

Search

 

Cablegate: U.S./France: The Case for Renewing And

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 PARIS 004947

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

DEPT FOR PM, EUR/RPM AND EUR/WE

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: MARR MASS PREL ECIN FR
SUBJECT: U.S./FRANCE: THE CASE FOR RENEWING AND
NEGOTIATING NEW MIL/MIL SCIENCE, RESEARCH AND
TECHNOLOGY AGREEMENTS


1. THIS CABLE CONTAINS AN ACTION REQUEST FOR PM AND
EUR/RPM IN PARAGRAPH 7.

2.SUMMARY: WE CONTINUE TO COUNT ON FRENCH SUPPORT IN
THE WAR AGAINST TERORISM, AND IN A VARIETY OF
INTERNATIONAL FLASHPOINTS, INCLUDING AFGHANISTAN,
AFRICA, THE BALKANS, THE MIDDLE EAST AND HAITI. IN A
NUMBER OF CASES, THIS TRANSLATES INTO COOPERATIVE
ENGAGEMENT WITH THE FRENCH MILITARY. FUTURE
SUCCESSFUL COOPERATION OF THIS KIND DEPENDS ON THE
ROUTINE EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION, WHICH IN TURN
REQUIRES THE EVALUATION AND RENEWAL OF EXISTING
SCIENCE, RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY AGREEMENTS AND THE
NEGOTIATION OF NEW AGREEMENTS IN THESE AREAS. THE
CURRENT POLITICAL CONTEXT -- THE DEFEAT OF THE
REFERENDUM ON THE CONSTITUTION, PRESIDENT CHIRAC'S
DECLINING POLITICAL FORTUNES, AND THE RISE OF HIS
MORE ATLANTICIST RIVAL NICOLAS SARKOZY -- IS ONE
MARKED BY A TURNING INWARD OF THE POLITICAL ELITE. A
U.S. INITIATIVE NOW ON THIS SUBSET OF MIL/MIL
AGREEMENTS WOULD SERVE OUR INTERESTS BY KEEPING THE
FRENCH ENGAGED, AND BY FACILITATING POSITIVE MOVES BY
THOSE, SUCH AS SARKOZY, WHO SEEK TO TAKE FRENCH
POLICY IN A MORE TRANSATLANTIC DIRECTION. EMBASSY
RECOMMENDS THAT THE DEPARTMENT AND DOD/OSD REVIEW
STEPS NECESSARY TO COMPLETE/RENEW THESE AGREEMENTS,
AS SOON AS POSSIBLE. END SUMMARY AND ACTION REQUEST.

Advertisement - scroll to continue reading

Are you getting our free newsletter?

Subscribe to Scoop’s 'The Catch Up' our free weekly newsletter sent to your inbox every Monday with stories from across our network.

2.DEFENSE COOPERATION AGREEMENTS PERMIT BOTH THE
EXCHANGE OF SPECIFIED INFORMATION WITHIN DEFINED AND
AGREED PARAMETERS AND COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT
PROGRAMS TO FACILITATE THE RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND
TESTING OF NEW CONCEPTS AND EXISTING DESIGNS. THESE
AGREEMENTS ARE SEPARATELY NEGOTIATED WITH VARYING
TERMS OF VALIDITY USUALLY BETWEEN FOUR AND TEN YEARS.
WHEN THEY EXPIRE THEY MUST BE RENEWED, AMENDED OR
RENEGOTIATED IF THEY ARE TO STAY IN FORCE. THE VALUE
OF THESE AGREEMENTS COMES FROM THE FRAMEWORK THEY
ESTABLISH TO ENABLE RAPID EXPLOITATION OF MUTUALLY
BENEFICIAL COOPERATION. WHEN COOPERATION IS NOT
DESIRED OR MUTUALLY AGREEABLE THESE AGREEMENTS DO NOT
CONSTITUTE AN OBLIGATION TO COOPERATE WITH THE OTHER
PARTY. THEY ARE STRICTLY VOLUNTARY IN NATURE. A
FAILURE TO RENEGOTIATE THESE AGREEMENTS IS ERODING
THE HISTORICALLY STRONG MIL-MIL INDUSTRIAL
RELATIONSHIP AND MAY LEAD TO A WEAKENING OF THE
INTEROPERABILITY OF FRENCH FORCES DUE TO A LACK OF
THE NECESSARY FRAMEWORK FOR COOPERATION.

4. THERE ARE CURRENTLY SIX TYPES OF AGREEMENTS OR
REGIMES IN VARYING STATES OF HEALTH. WE NOTE THAT
THE FIRST THREE BELOW ARE IN NEED OF IMMEDIATE
ATTENTION TO MAINTAIN THE CAPACITY FOR TECHNICAL
INFORMATION EXCHANGE AND RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY
COOPERATION WITH THE FRENCH, WHEN NEEDED. THE NEXT
THREE PROGRAMS ARE IN GOOD HEALTH, ALTHOUGH MUCH MORE
MODEST IN SCOPE, MEANING THEY DO NOT PROVIDE A
SUFFICIENT FRAMEWORK FOR COOPERATION BY THEMSELVES.

A. ESEP: THE ENGINEER AND SCIENTIST EXCHANGE PROGRAM
INITIATED IN 1985 HAS ALLOWED OVER FORTY RESEARCHERS
FROM FRANCE AND THE U.S. TO WORK IN EACH OTHER'S
FACILITIES TO ADVANCE THEIR KNOWLEDGE AND PERFECT
RESEARCH IN A VARIETY OF DOMAINS. THIS AGREEMENT
PROVIDES RECIPROCAL ACCESS TO RESEARCH FACILITIES
LEADING TO EARLY EXCHANGE ON PROMISING TECHNOLOGIES
AND TECHNIQUES BETWEEN OUR SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITIES.
THE AGREEMENT WAS RENEWED FOR TEN YEARS IN 1994. IN
2004 THE AGREEMENT WAS AMENDED, NOT RENEWED, WITH
EXPIRATION SCHEDULED FOR 2006. CURRENTLY, THERE IS
AN OSD EFFORT TO EXTEND THE EXPIRATION UNTIL 2008 TO
ALLOW TIME FOR RENEGOTIATION OF THE AGREEMENT. WHILE
THIS WILL KEEP THE PROGRAM ALIVE IT DOES NOT ADDRESS
THE LONG-TERM NEED TO RE-NEGOTIATE THIS AGREEMENT TO
ENSURE U.S. INTERESTS ARE PROTECTED IN THIS RAPIDLY-
EVOLVING ENVIRONMENT. THERE ARE TWO FRENCH EXCHANGE
SCIENTISTS WORKING IN THE U.S., ONE AT THE SINGLE
INTEGRATED AIR PICTURE (SIAP) OFFICE AND ANOTHER ONE
AT THE AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB. THE U.S. ARMY IS
PROVIDING A RESEARCHER TO A FRENCH LAB IN GRENOBLE
FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE CURRENT TERM (2006).

B. TRDP: THE TECHNOLOGY, RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
PROGRAM SIGNED IN 1994 EXPIRED IN 2004. A SUBSEQUENT
AGREEMENT DESIGNED TO REPLACE IT, THE RESEARCH,
DEVELOPMENT TECHNOLOGY AND EVALUATION MEMORANDUM OF
UNDERSTANDING (RDT&E MOU) WAS NEGOTIATED BUT NEVER
SIGNED. UNDER THE RDT&E MOU, COOPERATION WOULD BE
PERMITTED, AMONG OTHER THINGS, ON ADVANCED CONCEPT
TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATIONS (ACTDS) THROUGH MORE EASILY
INITIATED PROJECT AGREEMENTS (PAS). WITHOUT AN
OVERARCHING AGREEMENT, PROJECTS MUST BE NEGOTIATED AD
HOC WITH ALL THE ATTENDANT DELAYS THAT ARE INHERENT
IN THE NEGOTIATION PROCESS. AN APPROVED RDT&E
MEMORANDUM WOULD ENSURE THE ABILITY TO RAPIDLY
EVALUATE CRITICAL TECHNOLOGIES IDENTIFIED IN FRANCE
WITH A POTENTIAL TO ENHANCE THE SAFETY, SURVIVABILITY
AND EFFECTIVENESS OF OUR FORCES.

C. DEAS: DATA EXCHANGE AGREEMENTS ARE NEGOTIATED
BETWEEN SERVICES FOR SPECIFIED EXCHANGE OF
INFORMATION. CURRENTLY THERE ARE APPROXIMATELY 80
AGREEMENTS IN FORCE (28 ARMY, 28 NAVY AND 21 AIR
FORCE) WITH SEVERAL NEW AGREEMENTS PENDING APPROVAL.
THESE AGREEMENTS HAVE VARYING EXPIRATION DATES AND
THEIR RENEGOTIATION CAN BE A LENGTHY PROCESS.
NUMEROUS DEAS ARE SET TO EXPIRE IN 2005 WITH NO
CURRENT PLAN TO REVIEW OR RENEW THEM. WITHOUT THESE
AGREEMENTS IN PLACE, COOPERATION ON URGENT ISSUES
COULD BE DELAYED WHILE NEW NEGOTIATIONS ARE
ACCOMPLISHED.

D. TEP: THE TEST AND EVALUATION PROGRAM MOU WAS
SIGNED IN 2003 AND PERMITS THE RECIPROCAL USE OF TEST
FACILITIES (RUTF) AND POTENTIAL COOPERATIVE TEST AND
EVALUATION (CTE) COOPERATION UNDER PROJECT AGREEMENTS
(PAS) AS WELL AS THE LOAN OF TEST EQUIPMENT. IT IS
IN EFFECT, BUT COVERS A VERY LIMITED AREA OF DEFENSE
COOPERATION. BY ITSELF, THIS AGREEMENT IS
INSUFFICIENT TO PROVIDE THE FRAMEWORK FOR COOPERATION
IN RESEARCH AND OTHER DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS. IT IS A
COMPLEMENT TO THE OTHER AGREEMENTS IN THE RANGE OF
OPTIONS AVAILABLE.

E. ACTD: WE ARE CURRENTLY CONDUCTING TWO ADVANCED
CONCEPT TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS WITH
FRANCE, UNDER SEPARATE, STAND-ALONE AGREEMENTS, SINCE
THE RDTE AGREEMENT HAS NOT YET BEEN ESTABLISHED:
SPARTAN (UNMANNED SURFACE VEHICLE OR USV) AND COMMON
OPERATIONAL PICTURE (COP). THESE LAST TWO
EXPERIMENTS REQUIRED INDIVIDUAL APPROVAL DUE TO THE
LACK OF AN UMBRELLA AGREEMENT AND WOULD HAVE BEEN
EASIER TO ACCOMPLISH UNDER THE RDT&E AGREEMENT.
PROMISING TECHNOLOGIES LIKE THESE SHOULD NOT BE
NEEDLESSLY DELAYED FROM CONSIDERATION IF AN
ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATIVE EXISTS.

F. FCT: OSD HAS FUNDED 77 FOREIGN COMPARATIVE TEST
PROJECTS TO EVALUATE FRENCH MILITARY PRODUCTS SINCE
1980. TOTAL RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TESTING, AND
EVALUATION (RDT&E) COST AVOIDANCE HAS BEEN $119
MILLION BY CHOOSING FRENCH PRODUCTS. THE TOTAL SPENT
TO TEST ITEMS FROM FRANCE IS APPROXIMATELY $95
MILLION. FOURTEEN PROJECTS WITH FRANCE HAVE RESULTED
IN PROCUREMENTS AMOUNTING TO APPROXIMATELY $561
MILLION.

5. OVER TIME, SEVERAL OF THE AGREEMENTS HAVE LAPSED
OR WILL SOON LAPSE. WHILE THE AGREEMENTS FACILITATED
COOPERATIVE RELATIONSHIPS, THEIR LACK OF RENEWAL WILL
MAKE IT MORE DIFFICULT TO NEGOTIATE NEW EXCHANGES
OTHER THAN ON A CASE-BY-CASE BASIS. THIS CASE-BY-
CASE APPROACH SLOWS DOWN COOPERATION AND LEADS TO
DELAYS IN RESEARCH, PRODUCTION AND EMPLOYMENT OF NEW
SYSTEMS. ULTIMATELY, THE LACK OF AGREEMENT COULD
DEPRIVE OUR MILITARY OF USEFUL MATERIEL THAT COULD
SAVE LIVES.

6. WHILE THE LOSS OF THESE AGREEMENTS IS NOT ALWAYS
IMMEDIATELY EVIDENT AT ALL LEVELS, THEIR CONTINUED
DELAYED NEGOTIATION AND NON-RENEWAL COULD HAMPER
FUTURE COOPERATION WITH THE FRENCH MILITARY AND
INDUSTRY IN A TIME OF CRISIS. WE CONTINUE TO COUNT
ON FRENCH SUPPORT IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM, AS
WELL AS IN NATO ON AFGHANISTAN, DARFUR, THE BALKANS
AND WITH THE IRAQ TRAINING MISSION. OUR SUCCESSFUL
ENGAGEMENT WITH THE FRENCH MILITARY IN DEALING WITH
THESE CRISES AND POSSIBLE FUTURE EVENTS WILL DEPEND,
IN PART, ON THE ABILITY TO RAPIDLY EXPLOIT
COOPERATIVE OPPORTUNITIES WHEN THEY ARISE.

7. FOLLOWING THE MAY 29 REFERENDUM DEFEAT OF THE
EUROPEAN DRAFT CONSTITUTION, FRANCE HAS BECOME
INCREASINGLY INWARD-LOOKING. PRESIDENT CHIRAC, WITH
21 MONTHS AS A LAME DUCK REMAINING IN HIS TERM, IS
INCREASINGLY CHALLENGED BY HIS POWERFUL INTERIOR
MINISTER, NICOLAS SARKOZY, WHOSE ANNOUNCED INTENTION
TO SUCCEED CHIRAC IS THE DOMINANT FEATURE OF THE
CURRENT POLITICAL SCENE. SARKOZY'S IDENTIFICATION AS
AN ATLANTICIST HAS NOT, THUS FAR, HARMED HIS STANDING
IN THE OPINION POLLS. AS WE SEE IT, COOPERATION
INITIATIVES BELOW THE POLITICAL RADAR CAN HELP KEEP
FRANCE ENGAGED DURING A PERIOD OF REDUCED FOREIGN AND
SECURITY POLICY FOCUS. THEY CAN ALSO -- BY
DEMONSTRATING U.S. GOOD WILL DURING A TIME OF
RELATIVE DIFFICULTY FOR THE FRENCH GOVERNING ELITE -
HELP OPEN THE WAY FOR A FUTURE FRENCH ADMINISTRATION
PREPARED TO MOVE AWAY FROM CHIRAC'S STRESS ON
MULTIPOLARITY AND TOWARD A MORE ATLANTICIST
RECENTERING OF FRENCH POLICY.


8. ACTION REQUEST: VOLUNTARY AND MUTUALLY
BENEFICIAL, THE AGREEMENTS OVER THE YEARS HAE BROUGHT
TANGIBLE BENEFITS TO U.S. RESEARCH, INNOVATION AND
ACQUISTION IN THE MILITARY INDUSTRIAL FIELD. THEY
MOST CLEARLY SERVE U.S. INTERESTS. EMBASSY
RECOMMENDS THAT DEPARTMENT (PM BUREAU AND EUR/RPM)
ASSESS WITH DOD/OSD COUNTERPARTS THE CURRENT STATUS
OF THESE AGREEMENTS, IDENTIFY PENDING, EXPIRED OR
EXPIRING ACCORDS AND PRODUCE AN ACTION PLAN FOR
COMPLETING, RENEWING OR RENEGOTIATING THE AGREEMENTS
ON AN URGENT BASIS.

STAPLETON

© Scoop Media

Advertisement - scroll to continue reading
 
 
 
World Headlines

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Join Our Free Newsletter

Subscribe to Scoop’s 'The Catch Up' our free weekly newsletter sent to your inbox every Monday with stories from across our network.