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Cablegate: Peru: Demarche Concerning Ccamlr Toothfish Issues

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.





E.O. 12958: N/A

REF: STATE 189443

(U) 1. This is an action request. Please see paragraph 6.

2. (U) SUMMARY: Econoff delivered Reftel demarche to the GOP
Foreign Ministry and Fisheries section of the Production
Ministry on October 17 and met with key actors on November
16. Industry and government contacts contend that Peruvian
vessels comply with paper documentation requirements for
toothfish catches, but they were lacking in information as to
electronic reporting requirements. Peru is improving its
inspection, enforcement and electronic reporting capability.
Post requests detailed information regarding the reporting
requirements to pass to industry and government points of
contact. END SUMMARY.

3. (U) Econoff delivered Reftel demarche to Vice Minister of
Fisheries (Ministry of Production) Alfonso Miranda and Maria
Elvira Velasquez, Counselor for Maritime Jurisdiction in the
Ministry of Foreign Relations on October 17. Velasquez
requested that she meet with Econoff after discussing
toothfish reporting requirements of the Convention for the
Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR)
with appropriate government officials. On November 17,
Econoff met with Velasquez, as well as Marco Espino, Director
of Environmental and Scientific Issues at the Peruvian
Antarctic Institute; Jorge Vertiz, Director of Fisheries
Production and Extraction in the Vice Ministry of Fisheries
(Ministry of Production); Admiral Raul Ponce, Director of
Enforcement in the Vice Ministry of Fisheries; and Liliana
Gomez, Counselor for Maritime and Antarctic Issues in the
Foreign Ministry.

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4. (SBU) Ponce and Vertiz explained that Peruvian-flagged
fishing boats are complying with Catch Documentation Scheme
(CDS) requirements for use of the Dissostichus Catch
Documents, or DCDs, and he showed Econoff a sample Peruvian
DCD. Econoff explained the electronic catch documentation
scheme (e-CDS); after a long discussion it appeared that,
despite having several weeks to digest Reftel talking points,
there remains a lack of information as to the scheme and how
Peruvian boats can comply. The Production and Foreign
ministry representatives assured Econoff of the GOP's intent
to ensure its fishing boats use e-CDS, and Econoff agreed to
gather specific details. Econoff also referred the parties
present to the CCAML Spanish language website. Vertiz noted
that although Peru was a party to the CCAML Convention, it
was not a member of the Commission, perhaps accounting for a
lack of GOP information regarding the new e-CDS system.

5. (SBU) Enforcement chief Ponce related what Vice Minister
of Fisheries told DCM and Econoff on October 19, that the
Production Ministry has come a long way in improving
environmental aspects of the fisheries industry. Ponce said
that the GOP has realized that illegal, unregulated and
unreported (IUU) catch of all commercial species was costing
Peru significant revenue, in addition to the deleterious
conservation consequences. The GOP now has an extensive
system in place to control its fisheries. Catches landed in
Peruvian ports are now certified on embarkation and landing
(species and weight); captains and crew licenses are also
verified. After a history of little oversight, the Fisheries
Vice Ministry is still catching up but is aggressively
exerting control over the various fishery industries. Ponce
noted that it has only been over the past several years that
the fishing industry in Peru has earnestly been modernizing
communication equipment to comply with various reporting and
communications requirements.

6. (SBU) Action request: Econoff found the various
government representatives eager to comply with CCAML
conservation measures but uninformed as to e-CDS. Post
requests more specific information to assist the GOP in
implementing e-CDS. Point of contact is Economic and ESTH
Officer Howell Howard, telephone (51)(1)618-2414, email

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