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Cablegate: Gambari, Kalomoh, Guehenno, Egeland Attend Core

VZCZCXRO0483
RR RUEHMA RUEHROV
DE RUCNDT #1404/01 2061330
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 251330Z JUL 06
FM USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 9664
INFO RUCNFUR/DARFUR COLLECTIVE
RUCNIAD/IGAD COLLECTIVE
RUEHGG/UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE
RUEHJB/AMEMBASSY BUJUMBURA 0676
RUEHKM/AMEMBASSY KAMPALA 0241
RUEHKH/AMEMBASSY KHARTOUM 0316
RUEHLGB/AMEMBASSY KIGALI 0204
RUEHKI/AMEMBASSY KINSHASA 0900
RUEHTO/AMEMBASSY MAPUTO 0045
RUEHNY/AMEMBASSY OSLO 0668
RUEHOT/AMEMBASSY OTTAWA 0785
RUEHTC/AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 8839
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 USUN NEW YORK 001404

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: IV SU UG UNSC XA XW
SUBJECT: GAMBARI, KALOMOH, GUEHENNO, EGELAND ATTEND CORE
GROUP MEETING ON NORTHERN UGANDA


1. (SBU) SUMMARY: On July 20, the Under Secretary-General
(U/SYG) for the Office of the Special Adviser on Africa,
Ibrahim Gambari, hosted a meeting of members of the Core
Group for Northern Uganda, composed of the U.S., UK, Norway,
and Netherlands, with Canada also in attendance, to discuss
the July 12 talks held in Juba between the National
Resistance Movement (NRM) and the Lord's Resistance Army
(LRA). Gambari reported that Secretary-General (SYG) Annan
supports the idea of deploying a Special Envoy to monitor
future talks and has suggested that former President of
Mozambique, Joaquin Chissano, be considered for the position.
Core Group members discussed the impact of the International
Criminal Court's (ICC) LRA indictments, the possibility of
amnesty for LRA leaders involved in the talks, and whether to
expand UN missions in the region to tackle the LRA. Less
than 24 hours after the meeting convened, UKUN circulated
elements of a draft resolution to Core Group Members for
consideration, in advance of July 28 Security Council
consultations on the LRA threat (text in Paragraph 10).
Guidance request in Paragraph 9. END SUMMARY.

HIGH LEVEL ATTENDANCE FOR DISCUSSION OF SPECIAL ENVOY
--------------------------------------------- --------
2. (SBU) Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO)
Under-SYG Guehenno, Office for the Coordination of
Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) U/SYG Egeland, and Department of
Political Affairs (DPA) Assistant-Secretary-General (A/SYG)
Kalomoh were also in attendance. Gambari emphasized that
Uganda's priorities should be to protect its citizens and
deter threats from the LRA. He went on to say that current
UN mandates for peacekeeping operations in the region do not
provide sufficient support for these priorities and that the
UN Security Council (UNSC) should consider the deployment of
a Special Envoy. According to Gambari, SYG Annan wants to
encourage the apparent progress made during the talks in Juba
by deploying an Envoy who would monitor and facilitate the
talks between the LRA and Government of Uganda (GOU).
Gambari stressed that the GOU is receptive to allowing an
Envoy to participate in addressing the root causes of the LRA
insurgency and promoting Uganda's national dialogue as well
as regional security. According to Gambari, the GOU would
thus allow the Envoy to engage in national reconciliation
efforts and internal disarmament of ex-combatants. However,
he cautioned that this initiative would require support from
the UNSC, regional counties, donors, and NGOs. Gambari also
noted that leaders from Sudan, Uganda, and the Democratic
Republic of Congo support SYG Annan in this initiative.

SYG SUPPORTS CHISSANO AS SPECIAL ENVOY
--------------------------------------
3. (SBU) According to Gambari, SYG Annan has suggested that
Joaquin Chissano, former President of Mozambique and former
Chairman of the African Union, take on the role of Special
Envoy because of his positive relationships with the parties
involved. Chissano, who has signaled his availability, has
the confidence of the Ugandans. U/SYG Egeland expressed his
support of the initiative, saying that UN/DPA should lead the
response. He went on to say that the progress made during
the talks in Juba presents a unique opportunity to finally
end violence in the region.

OPINIONS DIFFER ON GRANTING AMNESTY TO LRA LEADERS
--------------------------------------------- -----
4. (SBU) Gambari also brought up the issue of the ICC, noting
that the Ugandan Minister for Security, Amama Mbabazi, was
unsuccessful in his recent attempts to persuade the ICC Chief
Prosecutor to grant amnesty to indicted LRA leaders. When
U/SYG Guehenno was asked to comment on the role of the UN
Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) and the UN Mission in the Democratic
Republic of Congo (MONUC), he noted that the limits of UNMIS'
current mandate could lead to an awkward situation if they
were presented with the opportunity to arrest an LRA leader.
He explained that if LRA leaders were arrested, they would
have to be turned over to the Sudanese government for further
action. Guehenno also noted that he is currently consulting
with the Office of Legal Affairs (OLA) to determine what
actions would be allowable within the mandate. The Dutch
representative supported the possibility of MONUC and UNMIS

USUN NEW Y 00001404 002 OF 003


playing a role in ICC arrests, but stressed that their role
should be combined with more robust regional efforts.
Kalomoh pointed out that the optimistic perceptions of the
talks in Juba are based on the hope that indicted LRA leaders
will not be arrested and urged the Core Group to consider the
impact that amnesty could have on negotiations.

SOME MEMBERS EXPRESS DOUBTS ABOUT TALKS IN JUBA
--------------------------------------------- --
5. (SBU) The Dutch representative expressed doubts about the
claims of positive outcomes from the Juba talks. However, he
did point out that the level of conviction behind the UN's
proposal of an Envoy was encouraging. The Dutch
representative also noted that his delegation would consider
making a financial contribution, especially if the funds were
directed toward Disarmament, Demobilization, and
Reintegration (DDR) efforts. POL Mins-Couns expressed
skepticism about the possibility of successful negotiations
with LRA leaders, but pointed out that there could be hope
for those who might be persuaded to abandon their leadership
posts. He also expressed doubts regarding the GOU's
willingness to involve an Envoy in the national
reconciliation efforts and noted that a largely regional
focus for the Envoy's work could replicate existing
mechanisms.

6. (SBU) In response to these comments, Gambari admitted that
there had in fact been mixed reports on the progress of the
Juba talks but stressed that an Envoy would provide the
support needed for positive results. He also noted that the
UN had no comparable figure in Juba to facilitate talks. POL
Mins-Couns encouraged the adoption of both regional military
and diplomatic strategies for dealing with LRA. The UK and
Canada welcomed an early discussion among the UNSC about the
issue, and UNSC consultations were subsequently scheduled for
July 28. The representative from the UK expressed her
support for a UNSC Resolution on the deployment of a Special
Envoy and a revision of UNMIS and MONUC mandates to tackle
the LRA, which would first require that Uganda become an
official item on the UNSC agenda. She stated that an
"LRA-centric" resolution is needed and pointed out that the
ICC incentives was a main driver behind the talks in Juba.

7. (SBU) In response to a Norwegian suggestion, A/SYG
Kalomoh pointed out that Ugandans are adverse to the creation
of a group of experts and suggested that, if the UNSC
supports the deployment of an Envoy, they should consider
delaying the formation of a group of experts. As a final
note, Gambari pointed out that the Secretariat is 'inching
towards a Special Envoy as a way of moving forward,' and that
if the UNSC tries to simultaneously create a group of
experts, they could end up losing the opportunity for both.

UKUN DRAFTS BEGINNINGS OF A UNSCR
---------------------------------
8. (SBU) Within 24 hours of this meeting, UKUN circulated
elements of a draft Chapter VII resolution to Core Group
Members for their consideration before sending it to the
wider Council membership. The draft text incorporates
suggestions made by Foreign Minister Kutesa during his recent
meeting with the UK High Commissioner in Kampala. These
suggestions included referencing the Juba talks to ensure
that the LRA is aware of the deadline and stressing that the
Special Envoy would be a 'regional' Special Envoy. The draft
resolution also condemns LRA activity, welcomes the
appointment and engagement of a Special Envoy to the Juba
talks, and articulates a sanctions regime for LRA members.

GUIDANCE REQUEST
----------------
9. (SBU) USUN requests Department guidance on how to respond
to the UN's plan to proceed on appointing a Special Envoy for
Uganda. In addition, USUN requests Department guidance on
how to respond to UKUN's plan to introduce a resolution on
the LRA, something about which we have been agnostic in the
past and which may now have implications (including on the
ICC issue) for the mandate we are pursuing to get a UN
operation into Darfur, Sudan. END GUIDANCE REQUEST.

USUN NEW Y 00001404 003 OF 003

DRAFT RESOLUTION ELEMENTS
-------------------------
10. (U) Begin draft resolution elements:

Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
1. Condemn the activities of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA);
2. Demand that illegal armed groups in the region, including
the LRA, lay down their arms;
3. Condemn violence inflicted by any party on civilians;
4. Call on all states to end impunity for the perpetrators of
genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes;
5. Underscore that governments in the region have primary
responsibility to protect their populations;
6. Welcome the appointment of a senior level envoy to:
facilitate regional cooperation to address the security
issues caused by the activities of the LRA; promote a lasting
and peaceful settlement to the conflict; and support efforts
to address humanitarian concerns;
7. Request the senior level envoy to provide to the Security
Council briefings every three months and written reports on
the situation;
8. Call upon all governments in the region to deepen their
cooperation with a view to ending the activities of the LRA,
and stresses that these States must respect the territorial
integrity and political independence of their neighbors;
9. Authorise the United Nations Organization Mission in the
Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) to work closely with
States and other UN missions in the region, and to make full
use of its mandate and capabilities to disarm and demobilize
the LRA and to ensure that those members of the LRA
responsible for serious violations of human rights and
international humanitarian law are brought to justice;
10. Decide that UNMIS' mandate in Southern Sudan, as outlined
in Resolutions 1590 (2005) and 1663 (2006), shall be amended
to allow UNMIS, within its area of deployment and capability,
to cooperate with efforts, and use all necessary means, to
disarm and demobilize the LRA and to ensure that those
members of the LRA responsible for serious violations of
human rights and international humanitarian law are brought
to justice;
11. Call upon MONUC and UNMIS (south Sudan) to establish the
necessary operational links with the relevant governments
armed forces in order to assist attempts to disarm and
demobilize the LRA and ensure that those members of the LRA
responsible for serious violations of human rights and
international humanitarian law are brought to justice;
12. Stress the need for States in the region to work together
to disarm, demobilize and cooperate in the voluntary
repatriation and resettlement of those LRA members that have
sought amnesty and reintegration into their commitments;
13. Sanctions:
-- Arms embargo on LRA, including ban on financial assistance
(related to military activities);
-- Assets freeze on five LRA commanders (ICC indictees),
including ban on making funds available to them;
-- Review of the above measures in the light of progress on
reintegration of LRA combatants and bringing to justice of
ICC indictees;
-- Establishment of a sanctions committee to monitor the
above measures;
-- Establishment of a group of experts to investigate and
expose the sources of material and financial support to the
LRA, and to make recommendations;
14. Welcome the establishment of the Joint Monitoring
Committee and urge the Government of Uganda to ensure that
clear progress is made on the finalisation and delivery of
the Emergency Action Plan and look forward to an update on
progress towards improvements in the living conditions for
civilians in northern Uganda against clear and measurable
benchmarks;
15. Encourage the Government of Uganda to reach a clear
understanding with the international community, UN agencies
and missions, NGOs and local leaders on the best approach to
returning people to, or nearer to, their homes.

11. (U) End draft resolution elements.
BOLTON

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