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Cablegate: Drc Elections: Ruberwa Alleges Vote "Marred By

VZCZCXRO9769
PP RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHKI #1231/01 2151633
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 031633Z AUG 06
FM AMEMBASSY KINSHASA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4525
INFO RUEHXR/RWANDA COLLECTIVE
RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHDC
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RUFOADA/JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 KINSHASA 001231

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV KDEM KPKO CG ELECTIONS
SUBJECT: DRC ELECTIONS: RUBERWA ALLEGES VOTE "MARRED BY
IRREGULARITIES"


1. (U) Vice President Azarias Ruberwa and his party, the
Rally for Congolese Democracy (RCD), alleged the DRC's July
30 presidential and legislative elections were "marred by
irregularities." In a six-page statement released July 31 by
the RCD's secretary general, the party lays out a series of
allegations concerning misconduct, intimidation, bribery, and
violence it says threaten the country's political and social
stability. The RCD has promised that if efforts at
undermining the DRC's election laws are not addressed and
sanctioned, the party will be forced to initiate legal
proceedings challenging election results. In a July 31 press
conference, Ruberwa alleged that "massive fraud" was
conducted by election workers and other political parties to
prevent citizens from voting for RCD (and presumably other)
candidates. Ruberwa pledged to keep his protests of the
elections peaceful.

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2. (SBU) Many of the cases noted in the RCD statement are,
however, vague, misleading or simply irrelevant. For example,
the party mentions the fact that several voting sites and
some election material were destroyed before the vote. While
true, the Independent Electoral Commission (CEI) responded
quickly to these incidents and immediately dispatched
replacement equipment to the affected areas on election day.
In Eastern and Western Kasai provinces where opposition
supporters engaged in violence, voting operations were
continued for another day so as to allow all voters the
opportunity to cast ballots. As for the "disappearance" of
voters' names from electoral rolls, this may simply be a case
of voters arriving at the wrong polling station or of names
missing due to prior technical errors (which would have
resulted in names being printed on separate voter lists).
Regarding allegations that more ballots may have been cast at
a particular polling station than there were registered
voters, it is altogether likely poll workers, Congolese
election observers, journalists or traveling government
officials may have voted legally at that location. On the
whole, many of the charges put forth in the RCD's statement
lacks proof.

3. (SBU) Certainly some irregularities did occur during the
July 30 vote which merit further investigation. CEI President
Abbe Apollinaire Malu Malu has said the CEI will take
seriously and look into any charges of misconduct or fraud
that are brought to the Commission's attention through
channels as stipulated by the electoral law. (Note: In an
August 2 meeting with the Ambassador and Congressman Donald
Payne, to be reported septel, Ruberwa said he intended to
forward a dossier of alleged voting irregularities to the CEI
for adjudication. End note.)

4. (U) Post's unofficial translation of the original French
declaration follows:

PRESIDENTIAL AND LEGISLATIVE ELECTIONS IN THE DEMOCRATIC
REPUBLIC OF CONGO

SERIOUS IRREGULARITIES NOTED THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY MAR THE
RESULTS

According to the reports of witnesses from the majority of
political parties, and confirmed by several independent
sources (press, religious groups, voters, etc.), the
presidential and legislative elections of Sunday, July 30,
were marred by all forms of irregularities.

The irregularities occurred in such significant amounts that
they skew the results of the voting throughout the country.
As such, they strongly discredit the results. If these
irregularities are not corrected in short order, they
threaten the very political and social stability of the
country. The RCD signals all involved, at national and
international levels, of the seriousness of the situation
which calls into question the legitimacy of the leaders and
institutions of the Third Republic.

In order to avoid yet another political and institutional
crisis in our country, and in order to keep the process of
democratization on track, the RCD invites all actors and
institutions involved in the process to consider the more
important interests of the nation by taking these problems
into consideration.

If, before the declaration of results by the CEI, these
attacks on the electoral law are not punished, the RCD

KINSHASA 00001231 002 OF 003


reserves the right to bring forward any litigation before the
courts. In these conditions, our party would then be forced
to challenge election results. As will be made clear by the
following examples, cases of electoral irregularities under
examination are clear at every level.

The list of irregularities in this report cannot pretend to
be exhaustive as the amount of transgressions was too great.
Our goal is only to highlight the most flagrant examples.

1. STUFFED BALLOT BOXES BEFORE THE OPENING OF VOTING STATIONS
Several stations had stuffed ballot boxes. At the opening of
voting stations, several witnesses noted that ballot boxes
already contained ballots for certain candidates. There is
also the case in Limete, in the Kingabwa neighborhood, where
a Mr. Gerard Mulumba (aka Gecoco of the PPRD) came to the
Wayawaya voting center in possession of a hundred voter cards
for which he claimed proxy voting rights. He was accompanied
by three persons in a jeep of the National Police (license
plate number 0021). Also in Kinshasa, in Lemba (at the
Mokengeli voting center) another series of proxy votes was
witnessed. In North Kivu, in the Muhambwe region, Mamade
Safi, of the PPRD, was caught emptying ballot boxes in order
to refill them with ones sympathetic to her party.

2. SEVERAL CEI WORKERS CAUGHT AIDING CERTAIN CANDIDATES
In the commune of Matete (Debonhomme neighborhood), in
Kinshasa, a CEI worker voted for a female voter thereby
violating the neutrality principle. Such cases were repeated
on a massive scale, particularly in the case of illiterate
voters who were directed to vote for Kabila even though that
was not their choice. In Kamituga, more precisely at the
Tangila and Kalimbi voting centers, CEI workers
systematically pushed older voters to vote for Kabila. The
same goes for the Kalehe region in South Kivu. Messrs.
Kinyenzire, Kinyanya and Ndabagoyi, all of the CEI, excluded
RCD and other political party witnesses in order to push the
vote in the direction of Kabila. In Mbuji Mayi, after the
closure of the centers, the technical adviser to Governor
Kanku of the MLC was caught red-handed as he was being
assisted by CEI agents in filling out ballots in favor of his
candidate, JP Bemba.

In Isiro, CEI workers, after the departure of the witnesses,
selected all ballots marked No. 32 Ruberwa in order to mark
them a second time for other candidates in order to justify
their declaration of these ballots as invalid.

3. INTERHAMWE USED TO ORCHESTRATE A VOTE FOR CANDIDATE NUMBER
7
In the regions of Miti, Kalonge, Kahungu, Mbayo, Cebati,
Mazeba, Mabengu (South Kivu), under the complicit watch of
CEI workers, Interhamwe threatened to cut the ears off each
person not voting for PPRD candidates. The centers in
Nyalubemba, Kigulube, Luyuyu, and Nzevu were also targeted.
They particularly insisted that voters vote for Kabila.
Elsewhere, it was reported that 23 centers were also
assaulted by Interhamwe demanding all voters present to
choose Kabila.

4. DESTRUCTION OF VOTING CENTERS
About 50 centers were burned in Mweka (Western Kasai) by a
population disgusted with the behavior of Mr. Boshab of the
PPRD (former chief of cabinet for President Kabila), which
included the exclusion of other political party witnesses. In
Mwene Ditu (Eastern Kasai), the voting center at the Primary
School Maweja-Mushindame was burned. In Mbuji Mayi (Eastern
Kasai), 184 electoral kits containing diverse voting
materials (ballots, lists, etc.) were destroyed.

5. DUPLICATION OF VOTER CARD NUMBERS
In many instances, double voting took place across the
country. Thousands of people found out upon arriving at the
centers that their ballots had already been marked. Among the
more flagrant examples, the press revealed the case of Mr.
Urumbu from the Saint Paul center. In Katanga, in certain
centers, the number of voters was higher than those actually
registered at the center. The same was the case in Kalemie,
capital of the Tanganyika District. In fact, in the Bakita
center at the location of polling station number 8322, the
number of persons enrolled was 1,254, while the number that
was registered reached 2,499, revealing an excess of 1,245.
The surplus was made up of soldiers' wives en route to Uvira
and coming from the Kamina brassage center. These women voted
after the closure of the center at 3pm; they were accompanied

KINSHASA 00001231 003 OF 003


by the commissioner of Tanganyika District, Mr. Tshimanga
Rigobert of the PPRD.

6. VOTER BRIBING
Several cases of clear corruption were exposed. The PPRD
distributed banknotes in the areas of Siwabanza at N'djili in
order to push the vote in favor of its candidate (Joseph
Kabila). The administrator of the Liberty Market in Masina,
also from the PPRD, voted in the place of a group of
saleswomen. In Kalemie, Katanga province, in front of voting
centers, voters received cash from PPRD members. Many cases
were also cited against the MLC. For example, Mr. Adam
Bombole handed out a lot of cash to voters in front of
centers in order to influence their votes.

7. UNJUSTIFIED DISAPPEARANCES OF VOTERS' NAMES
Thousands of registered voters did not find their names on
the electoral lists. In Kadutu, in the town of Bukavu (South
Kivu), in Bunia (Orientale province), in Goma (North Kivu),
thousands of voters could not vote for the simple fact that
their names had disappeared from the list. In Bunia, for
example, with a total of 4,000 voters, 2,000 voters were not
found on the lists. In Kinshasa, this situation, which was
common in the communes, was the very basis for the
denouncements of fraud by the press. In the Kingabwa
neighborhood, in Limete, the CEI was obliged to move certain
centers to avoid popular discontent.

8. WITNESSES BLOCKED FROM THEIR DUTIES
In Kabinda (Eastern Kasai), RCD witnesses and several other
parties were blocked from center 14. As such, they refused to
sign the minutes of the proceedings, and a fiasco ensued.
Witnesses from the RCD reported several hundred cases of
being hindered from completing their duties. The worst case
was without a doubt the incident where Madame Amina was the
victim. As an RCD witness, while she was distributing
flashlights to her fellow party members, she was arrested and
beaten by the police on the orders of a major in the national
forces. Badly wounded, she was immediately sent to the
hospital. In the majority of cases, witnesses were forced to
leave before the end of the operations or their work was
hindered, while others were excluded for not having stayed
throughout the entire process.

9. MANIPULATION AND FALSIFICATION OF COUNTS TO THE DETRIMENT
OF CERTAIN CANDIDATES
Some of the tallies in favor of other candidates than those
of the PPRD were altered or recalculated by the heads of
centers after the departure of witnesses, causing a grand
disparity in the results. This was the case in the center of
Bikanga Institute near Nsola in station number 1263B
(Kisenso) where candidate 32 (Ruberwa) had accrued a total of
nine votes at the signing of the minutes, yet at the time of
the publication of the results, this number had been reduced
to two. This kind of cheating was made much easier by the
simple fact that many initial results were noted in pencil at
first.

Signed in Kinshasa, July 31, 2006
Hubert Kabasubababo Katulondi
Secretary General of the RCD

SIPDIS

End text
MEECE

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