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Cablegate: Mozambique - Summary of Activities and Outcomes For


DE RUEHTO #1056/01 2340807
R 220807Z AUG 06




AF/RSA for Mharpole
G/TIP for Ryousey

E.O. 12958: N/A
SUBJECT: Mozambique - Summary of Activities and Outcomes for
$12,000 in FY2005 ESF Funding for Moamba Shelter

Ref: State 57689

1. Summary: Post has allocated $12,000 in FY05 ESF funds to
help start Mozambique's first shelter for trafficking
victims, located towards the South African border from
Maputo near the district capital of Moamba. The shelter
opened in May 2006. Currently eight children are housed
there, with the number likely to increase further. Funding
has been used to provide equipment, and some of the funds
will be used on staff salaries. The project has already
proved beneficial by increasing awareness of the problem of
trafficking and by encouraging the growing government
support to victims of trafficking. End summary.

2. Post signed a $12,000 FY05 ESF grant for a trafficking
victims shelter in Moamba with the Instituto de Educacao
Civica (FECIV) on May 30, 2006.

3. Rehabilitation work on the shelter started in December
2005, and the shelter was inaugurated on May 2, 2006. It
became operational in June. Shortly afterward, a reception
committee began meeting trains carrying deported Mozambicans
to assist any trafficking victims among them. A social
worker and a guard were hired as staff for the shelter.

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Shelter Population
4. The shelter is furnished with beds and sheets, and
stocked with food, for up to 50 people. As of mid-August,
however, it was only housing eight children: six girls
between the ages of 8 and 13, and two boys, aged 12 and 13.
The primary reason is that FECIV envisioned assisting
children repatriated via train from South Africa to the
Mozambican border post of Ressano Garcia, and very few
children have been on these trains. (Comment: We do not
know why so few children are being repatriated this year, in
contrast to previous years. End Comment.) As a result,
FECIV has begun accepting child victims of internal
trafficking who are brought from Maputo to the shelter.
FECIV has also invited staff at another NGO, the Scalabrini
Sisters religious order, who have a house right next to the
Ressano Garcia border checkpoint where people cross by foot
and bus, to be on the lookout for trafficked children and to
send them to the shelter.

Use of Funds
5. The $12,000 was budgeted to pay for equipment ($5,000),
refurbishment of shelter ($5,000), and office supplies
($2,000). Because post did not receive FY05 ESF funding
until late this spring, we have had to readjust the
allocations. Money has instead been used to purchase a
refrigerator, will be used to buy a stove and some of it
will go toward salaries for the shelter staff.

6. At the Ressano Garcia border post FECIV works with a
reception committee to triage repatriated children. This
committee is composed of a Scalabrini nun, border guards,
someone from the district office of the Ministry of Women
and Social Action, and someone from the NGO Massangulo.
FECIV works closely with the Moamba district government,
too. The local Moamba government, in particular, has become
increasingly involved in supporting the shelter project -
most recently by admitting the trafficking victims to a
school nearby. Additionally, the German NGO Terre des
Hommes is providing invaluable support to this project, in
terms of management advice and project design.

7. This project has not yet served the anticipated number of
trafficking victims, but the number of children continues to
climb in the short time since the shelter opened, increasing
between mid-July and mid-August from two to eight. However,
previous estimates were unrealistic, likely delays were not
factored into projections, and, most importantly, this
project is fighting against traditional thinking. Some
fundamental working assumptions of the project -- including
who is or is not a child and a person self-identifying
himself or herself as a victim of trafficking -- challenge
Mozambican views and behavior. As the country's first
trafficking shelter, this project is shedding light on a
problem still not widely acknowledged and provoking the
government to become more actively involved in addressing

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