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Cablegate: Syg Selection: Ashraf Ghani Making the Rounds in Ny

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FM USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
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INFO RUEHGG/UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 0164

UNCLAS USUN NEW YORK 001883

SIPDIS

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SENSITIVE

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL UNSC UN AF
SUBJECT: SYG SELECTION: ASHRAF GHANI MAKING THE ROUNDS IN NY

1. (SBU) Ambassador Bolton met briefly with Afghan candidate
for Secretary-General Ashraf Ghani on Friday, September 29.
Ghani said that he had met with A/S Silverberg in Washington
on 9/28, but was just beginning his rounds in New York.
Ambassador Bolton expressed appreciation for Ghani's
willingness to enter the race, noting that the U.S. had long
argued for a larger field of candidates as being in the best
interest of the UN. Recognizing that the decision on whether
or not to enter the race was a difficult one and carried
certain risks, the Ambassador noted that the U.S. was
grateful that Ghani decided to put himself forward. Whatever
the eventual outcome, the UN will benefit if the Council is
able to weigh the pros and cons of more candidates.

2. (SBU) Ghani noted that he would meet with a number of
Council members prior to the next straw poll (planned for the
afternoon of October 2) in an effort to improve his results.
He said that it was "exactly right" that the Council should
aim to make a recommendation as soon as possible so the
incoming SYG has adequate transition time.

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3. (SBU) Turning to the issue of reform, Ghani said that he
thought the UN had so far adopted a "piecemeal approach" and
needed to develop a clearer agenda to address the "gap"
between the UN's abilities and the role it is being asked to
play in the world. He noted that in reviewing recent peace
agreements that the UN had brokered or was helping to
implement, he had come to the conclusion that the UN's
approach was not methodical enough to ensure success. The UN
needed a more strategic approach, tied to specific and
achievable benchmarks, Ghani argued, in order to facilitate
full implementation and prevent the recurrence of conflict in
these countries. Even the UN's reporting methodology was
flawed, he said, and did not provide a useful mechanism for
Member States to make the critical decisions.

4. (SBU) Ambassador Bolton noted that, with the increasing
numbers of peacekeepers in the field, the UN needed to focus
on oversight of these complicated operations. The lack of
effective oversight left the UN potentially vulnerable to a
very damaging failure in the field. In closing, Ambassador
Bolton offered to be of assistance to Ghani in New York,
including by making relevant USUN offices available on
specific subjects of interest to the candidate. Ghani noted
his appreciation for the Ambassador's assistance on such
short notice, and promised to keep in touch as he met with
other Council members in coming days.
BOLTON

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