Search

 

Cablegate: Who Are Mexico's Monopolists?

VZCZCXRO4906
PP RUEHCD RUEHGD RUEHHO RUEHMC RUEHNG RUEHNL RUEHRD RUEHRS RUEHTM
DE RUEHME #6413/01 3131622
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 091622Z NOV 06
FM AMEMBASSY MEXICO
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 4147
INFO RUEHXC/ALL US CONSULATES IN MEXICO COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHDC
RHEBAAA/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON DC
RUEHC/DEPT OF LABOR WASHDC

85174
2006-11-09 16:22:00
06MEXICO6413
Embassy Mexico
UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

VZCZCXRO4906
PP RUEHCD RUEHGD RUEHHO RUEHMC RUEHNG RUEHNL RUEHRD RUEHRS RUEHTM
DE RUEHME #6413/01 3131622
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 091622Z NOV 06
FM AMEMBASSY MEXICO
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 4147
INFO RUEHXC/ALL US CONSULATES IN MEXICO COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHDC
RHEBAAA/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON DC
RUEHC/DEPT OF LABOR WASHDC

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 MEXICO 006413

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE, SIPDIS

FOR WHA/MEX, WHA/EPSC, AND EB/IFD/OMA
USDOC FOR 4320/ITA/MAC/WH/ONAFTA/ARUDMAN
TREASURY FOR IA (ALICE FAIBISHENKO)
STATE PASS TO USTR (EISSENSTAT/MELLE)
STATE PASS TO FEDERAL RESERVE (CARLOS ARTETA)
STATE PASS TO JUSTICE DEPARTMENT ANTI-TRUST DIVISION
(CALDWELL HARROP, KIMBERLY GARNETT, ANNE MARIE CUSHMAC)

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: ECON ELAB EFIN PINR PGOV MX
SUBJECT: WHO ARE MEXICO'S MONOPOLISTS?


-------
Summary
-------

1. (SBU) Bank of Mexico and likely incoming Mexican
government officials in recent weeks have stressed the
importance of opening key sectors of the economy to more
competition, but have been hesitant to publicly name the
"offending" companies. This telegram spells out which
sectors are dominated by only a few powerful firms, who is
in charge of these companies, and how much of the market
the companies control. End Summary.

--------------------------------------------- -----
Summit Participants Highlight Need for Competition
--------------------------------------------- -----

2. (SBU) At the Monterrey Business Summit on October 30,
2006, Bank of Mexico (BOM) Governor Guillermo Ortiz and
other participants (business representatives, academics,
President-elect Felipe Calderon transition team members,
etc.) underscored the importance of more competition in key
sectors such as telecommunications, transportation,
construction, and financial services. Ortiz stressed that
macroeconomic and financial stability is an important
"theme" in the Mexican economy, one that has been largely
achieved. He said that another key theme is competition.
He emphasized the importance of focusing on monopolies and
how they hinder economic growth and competition by keeping
prices high. Professor and political commentator Denise
Dresser made similar points at the Summit the day before,
and received applause for her comments. Numerous
participants focused on the need to challenge monopolies
and the excessive costs they produce. That said, no one at
the Business Summit would name specific companies or people
(Carlos Slim, etc.). When pressed by a questioner to name
a Mexican company that needs to open up to competition,
Mexican Institute for Competitiveness head Roberto Newell
would only name Coca Cola and Wal-Mart, to the nervous
laughter of the audience.

3. (SBU) To facilitate USG understanding of what analysts
are referring to when they talk about Mexican industries
and sectors where competition is absent or severely
restricted, Post is providing the following list
(alphabetical listing by sector).

Airlines
--------

Aeromexico
CEO: Andres Conesa
Market share: 39.7%

Mexicana
CEO: Gaston Azcarraga
Market share: 36%

(Note: The introduction of low-cost airlines is expected
to increase competition in the domestic market. End Note.)

Beer
----

Grupo Modelo
Chairman and CEO: Carlos Fernandez Gonzalez
Market share: 65.2%

Cerveceria Cuauhtemoc Moctezuma
Chairman: Jose Antonio Fernandez Carbajal
Market share: 43%

Bottling
--------

Coca-Cola FEMSA
Chairman: Jose Antonio Fernandez Carbajal
DG: Carlos Salazar
Market share: 70%

Pepsico

MEXICO 00006413 002 OF 003


CEO and DG: Oscar Cazares
Market share: 15%

Bread
-----

Bimbo
Chairman of the Board: Roberto Servitje Sendra
DG: Daniel Servitje
Market share: 67.8%

Broadcasting
------------

Televisa
Chairman and CEO: Emilio Azcarraga Jean
Market share: 56% of Mexico's TV stations

TV Azteca
Chairman and CEO: Ricardo Salinas Pliego
Market share: 38% of Mexico's TV stations

Cablevision (owned by Televisa)
Chairman of the Board: Emilio Azcarraga Jean
DG: Juan Paul Broc
Market share: majority of market for cable TV

Sky (owned by Televisa)
Chairman of the Board: Emilio Azcarraga Jean
DG: Alexandre Moreira
Market share: majority of market for satellite TV

Cement
------

Cemex
Chairman and CEO: Lorenzo Zambrano
Market share: 87.6%

Holcim Apasco
DG: Pierre Froidevaux
Market share: 12.4%

Energy
------

Pemex
DG: Luis Ramirez Corzo

Federal Electricity Comisisn (CFE)
DG: Alfredo Elias Ayub

Luz y Fuerza del Centro (LyFC)
DG: Luis de Pablo Serna

Financial Services
------------------

BBVA Bancomer (Spain), Banamex Citigroup (U.S.), Santander
Serfin (Spain), Banorte (Mexico), HSBC (UK), and
Scotiabank-Inverlat (Canada) have over 90% of the market.

(Note: Mexico's Federal Competition Commission is
investigating banks and pension fund operators to see why
their commissions are so high, and if they are involved in
anti-competitive practices. The results of this
investigation are supposed to be released around March
2007. A number of companies, including Wal-Mart, have
filed for licenses to enter the financial services market
in Mexico. End Note.)

Glass
-----

Vitro
Chairman and CEO: Adrian Sada Gonzalez
DG: Federico Sada
Market share: 73.8%

Hospitals
---------

MEXICO 00006413 003 OF 003

Grupo Angeles
Chairman: Olegario Vazquez Aldir
Market share: 67%

Mining
------

Penoles
Chairman: Alberto Bailleres
DG: Jaime Lomelin
Market share: 52% of gold, 97% of silver, and 90% of sodium
sulfate

Grupo Mexico
Chairman and CEO: German Larrea
Market share: 88% of copper

Railroads
---------

Ferromex
DG: John Kelly Joseph
Market share: 58%

Ferrosur (owned by Carlos Slim's Empresa Frisco)
DG: Daniel Torres
Market share: 15%

Kansas City Southern
Chairman: Michael Harverty
Market share: 27%

Telecommunications
------------------

Telmex (owned by Carlos Slim's Grupo Carso)
Chairman of the Board: Jaime Chico Pardo
DG: Hector Slim Seade
Market share: 95% of landlines

Telcel (Radiomovil Dipsa/America Movil)
(owned by Carlos Slim's Grupo Carso)
Chairman of the Board: Carlos Slim Helu
DG: Daniel Hajj Aboumrad
Market share: 80% of cellular service

Tortillas
---------

Gruma-Grupo Maseca
Chairman and CEO: Roberto Gonzalez Barrera
Market share: 73%

Minsa
Chairman: Juan Jaime Petersen
DG: Jose Cacho Ribeiro
Market share: 15%

-------
Comment
-------

4. (SBU) For some time now, Bank of Mexico Governor Ortiz
has been a key voice in calling for the elimination of
monopolies. He is a key spokesperson on this issue because
of his high profile and because he is not directly
connected with vested interest groups -- unlike some
members of the GOM Executive branch. Mexico has made
notable progress in promoting competition over the past
year (e.g. passage of a competition law), but it has a long
way to go. Making further headway in this area will
require significant political will, as it entails incoming
government officials taking on powerful unions and, in some
cases, the people who financed their campaigns. End
Comment.

BASSETT

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
World Headlines

 

ALRANZ: Denounces US Senate Confirmation Of Judge Barrett

ALRANZ Abortion Rights Aotearoa denounces the US Senate’s confirmation of Judge Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court seat formerly held by Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg. “This action demonstrates the rank hypocrisy of the once-respected upper chamber ... More>>

OECD: COVID-19 Crisis Puts Migration And Progress On Integration At Risk, Says

Watch the live webcast of the press conference Migration flows have increased over the past decade and some progress has been made to improve the integration of immigrants in the host countries. But some of these gains may be erased by the COVID-19 pandemic ... More>>

Reporters Without Borders: Julian Assange’s Extradition Hearing Marred By Barriers To Open Justice

After monitoring four weeks of evidence in the US extradition proceedings against Wikileaks publisher Julian Assange, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) reiterates concern regarding the targeting of Assange for his contributions to journalism, and calls ... More>>

OHCHR: Stranded Migrants Need Safe And Dignified Return – UN Migrant Workers Committee

The UN Committee on Migrant Workers has today called on governments to take immediate action to address the inhumane conditions of migrant workers who are stranded in detention camps and ensure they can have an orderly, safe and dignified return to ... More>>