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Cablegate: Suleiman Jamous Still Under Un Protection

VZCZCXYZ0000
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHKH #2874 3531326
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 191326Z DEC 06
FM AMEMBASSY KHARTOUM
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5605
INFO RHEHNSC/NSC WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY 0048
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 0081

UNCLAS KHARTOUM 002874

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

DEPARTMENT FOR AF A/S FRAZER, AF/SE NATSIOS, AND AF/SPG
NSC FOR PITTMAN AND SHORTLEY
USUN FOR LAVIN

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PINR PHUM PGOV CVIS
SUBJECT: SULEIMAN JAMOUS STILL UNDER UN PROTECTION

Ref: Frazer-Hume E-mail, 13 Dec 06

1. (SBU) Summary: The Department has requested information
regarding the status of Suleiman Jamous, former Humanitarian Affairs
Coordinator for the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) and an
outspoken opponent of the Darfur Peace Agreement (Ref A). Jamous is
currently living at a UN hospital in South Kordofan, and is said to
be in good condition. His family and supporters have asked the USG
to allow him to go to the United States for medical treatment, but
he likely will not qualify for a non-immigrant visa, and the
Government of Sudan refuses to issue him travel documents. End
Summary.

Biographic Information
----------------------

2. (U) Suleiman Adam Jamous was born near Kutum, North Darfur, in
1945. He attended the Polytechnic University in Khartoum, and
joined the National Islamic Front (NIF) as a student. He sided with
NIF leader Hassan al Turabi in 1999 after President Omar al Bashir
purged Turabi, and spent four years in prison. He was released in
2003, and returned to Darfur, where he joined the SLM/A.

Breaks with Minawi over the Darfur Peace Agreement
--------------------------------------------- -----

3. (U) Jamous became the SLM/A's Humanitarian Affairs Coordinator in
2003, working closely with foreign journalists, international NGOs,
and UN officials in arranging access to SLA-controlled areas of
Darfur. He also served as the SLM/A's liaison to the International
Criminal Court in 2005. He has been an outspoken critic of SLM/A
leader Mini Minawi, calling for reform within the movement.

4. (U) Jamous publicly criticized Minawi after the signing of the
DPA, joining "the Group of 19," a splinter group from Minawi's
faction that rejected the agreement. On May 23, 2006, SLM/A Minawi
forces captured Jamous near Bir Maza and charged him with being a
spy. Several human rights activists that had previously worked with
Jamous spoke out against his detention, and accused Minawi of
torturing Jamous. A June 17 op-ed in the New York Times by Julie
Flint -- titled "Dealing with the Devil in Darfur" -- criticized
Minawi for arresting Jamous, and called Minawi "the most abusive
rebel leader in Darfur."

Released after Embassy Intervention
-----------------------------------

5. (SBU) CDA Hume met with Minawi on June 19 in El Fasher to discuss
Minawi's upcoming visit to the White House; on orders from the
Department, Hume urged Minawi to release Jamous as soon as possible.
Three days later, Minawi released Jamous to UNMIS, which secretly
transferred him to a UNMIS medical facility in Kadugli, South
Kordofan, for treatment.

6. (U) The Government reacted harshly to the UN's move, and accused
the UN of aiding anti-government rebels. The Ministry of Foreign
Affairs summoned SRSG Jan Pronk for an explanation, and suspended
all UN flights to, from, and within Darfur for 48 hours.

Still under UN Protection; Unable to Leave Sudan
--------------------------------------------- ---

7. (SBU) Jamous remains at the UNMIS facility in Kadugli, and is
said to be in good condition. UNMIS is unable to move him without
Government permission, and there are rumors that the Government
wants to capture him. His supporters and family -- including his
daughter and granddaughter, who live in the United States -- have
campaigned for him to be granted asylum in the United States, and
have started a petition urging his release. Given these
circumstances, Jamous appears unlikely to qualify for a
non-immigrant visa. Though he might be eligible for humanitarian
parole to enter the United States, it is also unlikely that the
Government of Sudan would issue him a passport or exit visa.

8. (SBU) Comment: Given Jamous' public opposition to the DPA and his
relatively good condition, Post would not be eager to recommend
Jamous for humanitarian parole at this time. Moreover, even if
Jamous were granted parole to enter the United States, gaining the
Government's permission for him to leave Sudan would require
considerable diplomatic wrangling. End Comment.

HUME

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