Cablegate: Turkey: Pol-Mil Round-Up, June 2007
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SUBJECT: TURKEY: POL-MIL ROUND-UP, June 2007
(Note: This is one of a regular series of unclassified reports on
significant Turkish defense and national security issues in the
press and other open sources. End note.)
-- Anatolian Eagle Exercise-2006/2 Takes Place in Konya
-- Government-Military Focus on Terrorism
-- Turkish Media Reacts to Hudson Institute's "Turkey Scenarios"
-- Turkey's Security Relations with Other Countries
-- Defense Industry Activity
Anatolian Eagle Exercise-2006/2 Takes Place in Konya
1. The joint air force Anatolian Eagle Exercise-2007/2 (second
exercise of the year) took place in Konya June 11-22. United
States, Britain, Pakistan, Jordan and NATO attended the exercise.
The first Anatolian Eagle Exercise was held in 2001.
Government-Military Focus on Terrorism
2. Intensive civil-military talks were held in Ankara in June.
Turkish Foreign Minister Abdullah Gul met with Deputy CHOD GEN Ergin
Saygun on June 8 to discuss developments in Iraq and the fight
PM Erdogan hosted FM Gul, Land Forces Commander GEN Ilker Basbug,
Interior Minister Osman Gunes and Jandarma Forces Commander GEN Isik
Kosaner at a June 12 security meeting. The Prime Ministry released
a statement after the meeting noting that fight against terrorism
has the highest priority for the country. Political analysts
interpreted the meeting as an attempt to show unity between the
Turkish General Staff (TGS) and the government. The National
Security Council convened under President Ahmet Necdet Sezer on June
20. Various aspects of fight against terrorism as well as recent
developments on the Cyprus issue were discussed. PM Erdogan was
briefed on June 21 by CHOD GEN Buyukanit on terrorist camps in
northern Iraq and along the Iran-Iraq border.
Turkish Media Reacts to Hudson Institute's "Turkey Scenarios"
3. Turkish media reacted to the meeting held by the Hudson Institute
in Washington on June 13 in which possible "crisis scenarios" were
discussed. The scenarios reportedly included an assassination of
head of the Constitutional Court and a PKK suicide attack in which
50 people were killed. Participants reportedly included Turkish
military officers. Reacting to reports of the meeting, FM Abdullah
Gul said Turkish officers attending the meeting should have walked
out when the disaster scenarios were raised. PM Tayyip Erdogan
commented that the meeting was "utter nonsense." The TGS released
a statement condemning efforts to link Turkish military to Hudson
Institute crisis scenarios for Turkey. The statement denounced the
media reports and noted that military officers attended the meeting
for only a brief period and that the alleged scenarios were not
discussed in their presence. Commentary on the Hudson Institute
meeting was featured in the Ankara press for a number of days and
caused controversy. Several newspapers criticized the TGS for its
allegedly untruthful denial statement.
Turkey's Security Relations with Other Countries
4. China: Turkish Land Forces Commander Ilker Basbug visited Chinese
National Defense Minister Cao Gangchuan on June 3. Noting China's
growing military and economic power, GEN Basbug said, "Turkey and
China have similar viewpoints on world matters. There are
similarities in threats faced by the two countries." GEN Basbug
left Beijing on June 8 after visiting Chinese National Defense
5. Romania: The Turkish-Romanian Joint Airborne Commando Exercise,
an annual exercise since 2003, took place in central Anatolian
province of Kayseri on June 5. 115 Turkish and 30 Romanian
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commandoes took part in the exercise (ANA).
6. Britain: Turkish-British Joint Exercise (Ex Tunuk Warrior) was
carried out by the 3rd Armored Brigade on June 4-14 in Cerkezkoy.
3rd Battalion Headquarters and one mechanized company from Turkey
along with one mechanized company from the UK participated in the
exercise, which aims at enhancing the relations and the
interoperability of the land forces of both countries.
7. South Korea: Turkish Deputy CHOD GEN Ergin Saygun received his
Korean counterpart, ADM Park, on June 12. ADM Park was decorated
with the Medal of Honor by Turkish CHOD GEN Buyukanit on June 13.
No other information about the purpose of the visit was made public.
8. Russia: Reciprocating the visit of his Russian counterpart in
2004, Turkish Air Forces Commander Gen Faruk Comert visited Gen
Alexander Zelin on June 13. Gen Comert visited 6th Air Force and
Air Defense Army Headquarters in St. Petersburg during his official
visit. Upon his return to Ankara, Gen Comert announced a decision
to set up a "hot line" between the two countries' air force
commanders, as reported by the moderate pro-Islamic Zaman daily.
9. Germany: Six warplanes of Turkish Air Forces participated in the
Elite-2007 military exercise in Germany on June 28. The exercise
had the participation of Austria, Belgium, France, Netherlands,
Britain, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Italy, Lithuania, Hungary,
Norway, Romania, Greece and Turkey (ANA).
10. Greece: TGS reported 64 interceptions Turkish aircraft by Greek
jets in international airspace over the Aegean Sea during the month
Defense Industry Activity
11. A Turkish delegation headed by Deputy Undersecretary of SSM
(Defense Industry Uudersecretariat) Faruk Ozlu, visited Islamabad on
26-27 June to discuss opportunities for cooperation for naval
12. Turkish Naval Forces will purchase 51 advanced Block-II Tactical
Harpoon anti-ship missiles worth $159 million from the US, according
to the moderate pro-Islamic Cihan news agency.
13. Aksa (Turkey), Aselsan (Turkey), Cpmiec (People's Republic of
China), C-Tech (Turkey), Denel (South Africa), Diehl-BGT (Germany),
Doosan (South Korea), Fnss (Turkey), Gate (Turkey ), Kongsberg
(Norway), Meteksan (Turkey ), Milsoft (Turkey), Oerlikon
(Switzerland), Rafael-(Israel), Raytheon (USA), Roketsan (Turkey),
Saab Bofors (Sweden) and Thales (France) requested information form
for SSM's tender to purchase Law Altitude Air Defense Missile
Systems for Turkish Armed Forces (ANA).
14. Turkish Armed Forces announced the lease an Israeli-made UAV
(unmanned aerial vehicle) for a period of one year. The UAV, which
is manufactured by the Israeli Aerospace Industries (IAI) is to be
stationed in the southeast Turkish city of Batman due to the
increasing terror attacks in that region, as reported by the
English-language centrist Turkish Daily News. Turkey announced
plans to buy 10 UAVs from Israel.