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Cablegate: D-Fm Wirajuda Bilat in Manila

VZCZCXRO6656
OO RUEHCHI RUEHDT RUEHHM
DE RUEHJA #2063/01 2120830
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 310830Z JUL 07
FM AMEMBASSY JAKARTA
TO RUEHML/AMEMBASSY MANILA IMMEDIATE 3105
RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 5600
INFO RUEHZS/ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 JAKARTA 002063

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

DEPARTMENT FOR D, EAP, EAP/MTS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL SENV TBIO MARR ID XF IZ
SUBJECT: D-FM WIRAJUDA BILAT IN MANILA

1. (U) This message is Sensitive but Unclassified. Please
handle accordingly.

2. (SBU) Mission provides the following suggested background
for inclusion in the briefing materials for Deputy Secretary
Negroponte. They are for reference for his planned bilateral
meeting with Indonesian Foreign Minister Hasan Wirajuda at
5:15 p.m. on August 1 on the margins of the ASEAN/ARF
meetings in Manila. Mission will also email the text in its
original format to EAP/MTS and to Embassy Manila, with the
understanding its use is contingent upon the Department's
approval.

3. (SBU) BEGIN TEXT OF PAPER:

BACKGROUND AND GOALS
FOR DEPUTY SECRETARY NEGROPONTE'S MEETING
WITH INDONESIAN FM HASAN WIRAJUDA
ON MARGINS OF ASEAN/ARF MEETINGS IN MANILA,
5:15 PM ON AUGUST 1, 2007

BACKGROUND

During his visit to Washington in March, FM Wirajuda and the
Secretary discussed the then-upcoming UNSCR 1747 on Iran's

SIPDIS
nuclear program and Indonesian initiatives to move the Middle
East process forward. Defense Minister Sudarsono visited
Washington in April to press for continued normalization of
military-to-military cooperation. The Indonesians have made
clear their intention to continue their peacekeeping role in
Lebanon with the sending of a new battalion late this year to
replace the one currently there.

SUGGESTED MEETING THEMES

-- Iran: President Yudhoyono weathered heavy public criticism
for Indonesia's vote in favor of UNSCR 1747, including calls
for his impeachment, and FM Wirajuda provided lengthy
testimony in Parliament. The experience has likely made the
GOI far more cautious regarding supporting further UNSC
resolutions on Iran. While acknowledging the steps they have
already taken, the Deputy should brief them on our current
thinking and press for their continued support.

-- Avian Influenza/Sample Sharing: Indonesia is withholding
human virus samples from the WHO over concerns about
equitable access to AI vaccines and capacity here to respond
to a pandemic outbreak. The WHO is hosting a meeting in
Singapore from July 31-August 3 to discuss sample sharing
with the broader international community. U.S. goals in this
meeting are (1) to establish a predictable, reliable, and
efficient system for the sharing of human influenza virus
samples, both seasonal and pandemic; (2) to ensure broad
access to samples and sample sequence data by the academic
and private sector; and (3) to provide health benefits to all
members in good standing of the system. The Deputy should
press Indonesia to finalize its agreement with the WHO so
that sample sharing on this critical disease can resume.

-- New Middle East Initiative: Wirajuda would be keenly
interested in hearing about the President's new Middle East
initiative and the Secretary's travels. Indonesia has sought
to provide a voice of moderation on Middle East issues and
promote Sunni-Shia reconciliation.

-- Military Assistance/Accountability: Indonesia continues to
make progress to reform its military (TNI) and should be
encouraged to move further on budget planning and
transparency, divestiture of business interests and a
strategic defense review. However, the TNI continues to lag
on accountability for past human-rights violations,
particularly in East Timor in 1999. The Truth and Friendship
Commission has not delivered a satisfactory Indonesian
accounting for such violations in East Timor. The Deputy
should note that we are pleased with resumption of normal
military-to-military ties but warn that lack of
accountability remains an impediment.

-- Climate Change: The Indonesian government and
environmental leaders are receptive to President Bush's new
climate change framework proposal but have emphasized that
deforestation must be a component of the new framework, that
Indonesia will need financial and technical assistance to
implement cleaner technologies and that any new framework
must fit with ongoing international negotiations on climate
change. The Deputy might point out that:

- President Bush's proposal includes plans for addressing
deforestation and raising the priority of clean energy

JAKARTA 00002063 002 OF 002


technologies in the international banks.
- His proposal will complement ongoing UN negotiations on
climate change, including the upcoming Conference of Parties
(COP) meeting in Bali in December.

President Bush has proposed a meeting of the world's top
13-15 emitters of greenhouse gases at a planned conference in
Washington in late fall to further define his proposed
framework. The Indonesian government has been invited to
this meeting but not yet confirmed whether it will send
representatives. White House Chair of the President's
Council on Environmental Quality James Connaughton will be in
Jakarta August 15-16 to explain the President's policy and
encourage Indonesia's participation. The Deputy may wish to
reinforce this message.

END TEXT OF PAPER.
HUME

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