Cablegate: 2007 Report On Investment Disputes And
DE RUEHTL #0500 2111434
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 301434Z JUL 07
FM AMEMBASSY TALLINN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 0044
INFO RUCPDOC/USDOC WASHDC
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHINGTON DC
RUEHHE/AMEMBASSY HELSINKI 5218
RUEHRA/AMEMBASSY RIGA 2918
RUEHVL/AMEMBASSY VILNIUS 6668
UNCLAS TALLINN 000500
STATE FOR EEB/IFD/OIA CAROLINE ROBERTS, EUR/NB
KATHERINE GARRY, AND EEB/CBA
HELSINKI FOR SCO BRIAN MCCLEARY
E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: CASC EINV KIDE OPIC PGOV EN
SUBJECT: 2007 REPORT ON INVESTMENT DISPUTES AND
EXPROPRIATION CLAIMS - ESTONIA
REF: A) STATE 55422 B) 06 TALLINN 501
1. (U) The United States Government is aware of one
(1) previously disputed claim of U.S. persons
against the Government of Estonia, which was
resolved in January 2007.
a. Claimants A and B.
b. The dispute began in 2005.
c. Claimants A and B were U.S. corporations that
owned 27.88 and 5.46 percent, respectively, of
Baltic Rail Services (BRS), an Estonian corporation
which owned 66 percent of AS Eesti Raudtee, or
Estonian Railways (ER). A Netherlands investment
company owned 33.3 percent of BRS. ER operates a
vertically integrated railroad network in the
Republic of Estonia and is the primary rail freight
operator in the country. BRS gained controlling
stock interest in ER asQ result of the Estonian
Government's privatiQtion of Eesti Raudtee in 2001.
At that time, the Government of Estonia (GOE)
retained a 2Qpercent stake in ER. The remaining
investors in ER were Estonian nationals.
2. (U) Claimants A and B, along with their
investment partners, alleged that the GOE had
adopted a series of measures that substantially
impaired the value of their investments. The
claimants said that the political turmoil
surrounding the company had decreased the market
value of the investment to a 2006 estimate of USD 35
million (down from an estimated total U.S.-
originated investment value of 135 million in 2004).
3. (U) On April 20, 2006, the Estonian Cabinet of
Ministers took a unanimous decision to give then-
Minister of Economy Edgar Savisaar the mandate to
start the process of terminating the 2001
privatization agreement which had allowed the
claimants to buy their share of the railway system.
The claimants, through ER, initially attempted to
resolve these issues through a series of cases in
local courts and two arbitration claims before the
Stockholm International Arbitration Court, by
involving the Directorate General for Energy and
Transport of the European Commission, and by
bringing claims under the respective Netherlands and
U.S. bilateral investment treaties with Estonia at
the International Centre for Settlement of
Investment Disputes (ICSID). The claimants also
requested, and received, advocacy from the U.S.
Embassy in Tallinn for a transparent and equitable
resolution of the dispute which would respect the
interests of all parties.
4. (U) In October of 2006, ER and the Ministry of
Economic Affairs and Communication announced that
they were in the process of negotiating a commercial
re-purchase of BRS' outstanding shares by the GOE.
By December, the terms of the deal were finalized,
with both parties settling on a purchase price, and
on the termination of all outstanding legal
procedures underway at the time in arbitration or
with the ICSID. In January 2007, the re-purchase of
BRS' 66 percent stake in ER was completed by the GOE
for a final price of EEK 2.5 billion (USD 192
5. (U) The United States Government is not aware of
any other outstanding claim of a U.S. person against
the Government of Estonia.