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Cablegate: Sulawesi Sea Maritime Surveillance and More: Indonesia

VZCZCXRO9369
OO RUEHCHI RUEHDT RUEHHM
DE RUEHJA #2457/01 2490553
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 060553Z SEP 07
FM AMEMBASSY JAKARTA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6095
INFO RUEHZS/ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS PRIORITY
RUEHBY/AMEMBASSY CANBERRA 1120
RUEHWL/AMEMBASSY WELLINGTON 1719
RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI 1335
RUEHPB/AMEMBASSY PORT MORESBY 3424
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 0748
RHHJJPI/USPACOM HONOLULU HI
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 JAKARTA 002457

SIPDIS

SIPDIS, SENSITIVE

E.O. 12958: NA
TAGS: PREL MARR PREL ID
SUBJECT: SULAWESI SEA MARITIME SURVEILLANCE AND MORE: INDONESIA
SECTION 1206 SUBMISSION

REF: STATE 84130

JAKARTA 00002457 001.2 OF 002


1. (U) This message is Sensitive but Unclassified -- Please handle
accordingly.

2. (SBU) SUMMARY: Mission submits for Department's review a package
of $41.5 in military assistance to Indonesia for FY2008 under
Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) to
conduct counterterrorism operations in the Sulawesi Sea area. This
package has been coordinated with other regional missions and
approved by USPACOM and is consistent with reftel legislative
requirements. USPACOM has prioritized the Indonesia projects and
will authorize them as funds become available during the year. END
SUMMARY.

-------------
Justification
-------------

3. (SBU) While the maritime environment in Southeast Asia continues
to improve through concerted application of US engagement and
capacity building resources, terrorist groups are seeking to
circumvent existing U.S. and partner nation efforts by exploiting
alternate sea transit routes, ungoverned or under-governed harbors,
inland waterways, and land borders. One primary area of such
activity is the so-called tri-border area encompassing the Sulawesi
and Sulu seas bordering Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines.

4. (SBU) Mission-proposed assistance for FY2008 would further
increase partner nation capacity to monitor and control this area,
particularly those parts of it which are most vulnerable to
terrorist exploitation. This effort builds upon previous maritime
security initiatives under Section 1206 and other programs. The
essential strategy of the package is to provide domain awareness at
strategic points, with the objective of restricting the transit
routes and safe-havens available to terrorists, channeling their
activities into more predictable, targetable patterns.

5. (SBU) Increased Maritime Situational Awareness will also
facilitate Indonesian agencies' efforts in other important areas,
including suppression of crime and illegal activities, responding to
maritime disasters and accidents, conducting search and rescue
operations and protecting national fisheries. The system allows
sharing of data, as appropriate, to international partners, notably
Malaysia, Philippines and JIATF Fusion Centers.

6. (SBU) The package also refines certain aspects of previously
installed systems along other critical Indonesian waterways: the
Strait of Malacca, the singularly most important commercial and
strategic passage in the world, and the Maluku Sea, linking the
southern Banda Sea with the Sulawesi Sea area.

7. (SBU) Mission is earmarking an appropriate portion of future FMF
grants to Indonesia to maintain and sustain the current Indonesia
1206 proposals.

--------------------------
Components of the Proposal
--------------------------

8. (SBU) Mission's FY08 1206 proposal consists of two coastal
surveillance stations, surveillance aircraft, communications and
information sharing, and de-manning coastal surveillance stations to
address security concerns discussed in the background. (The
following components are not listed in order of USPACOM
prioritization.)

a. Coastal Surveillance Stations (CSS): Extends the Integrated
Maritime Surveillance System (IMSS) station chain begun in previous
years by two stations to guard a newly identified terrorist transit
route west of Sulawesi Island. Cost: $3.536 million.

b. A C4I Surveillance and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) Network:
Connects the surveillance stations within the Sulawesi Sea area and
links them with the network created with previous 1206 funding in
the Malacca Strait and Sulawesi Sea area. The overall network will
give the Indonesian East and West Fleet Command Centers,
Headquarters and Regional Command Centers a low-cost imagery-sharing
capability. Cost: $4.1 million.

c. Automated Common Operational Picture (COP): The network will be
equipped with software to track and correlate maritime targets,
providing a single, integrated picture from multiple inputs. Cost:
$2.969 million.

JAKARTA 00002457 002.2 OF 002

d. Western Fleet Regional Command Center Trident Monitoring System:
Provides a real-time imagery display and a command-and-control
system, installed on a LAN shared by operator stations within the
Indonesian Headquarters, Fleet Regional Command Center. Cost:
$1.544 million.

e. Four Schweizer RU-38B Aircraft: Extends the range of the coastal
surveillance stations as needed, particularly into more remote
locations and are broken out in two pairs of aircraft. Cost:
$11.522 million a pair, $23.044 million total.

f. De-Manning (automation) of coastal surveillance stations:
Automates the data collection, thereby removing human error and
increasing the volume of information gathered. Digitalization of
information makes it easier to manage and allows for near-realtime
dissemination and synchronization among the other local,
inter-departmental and regional sources. This involves three series
of stations:

-- Malacca Strait: (10 stations) created with FY 2006 funding.
Cost: $3.492 million.

-- Sulawesi Sea (8 stations) created with FY 2007 1206 funding.
Cost: $2.167 million.

-- Maluku Sea (2 stations) created with FY 2008 1206 funding. Cost:
.686 million.

HUME

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