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Cablegate: Quarterly Fraud Report - Asmara

VZCZCXRO0155
PP RUEHDE RUEHGA RUEHNP
DE RUEHAE #0967/01 3611104
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 271104Z DEC 07
FM AMEMBASSY ASMARA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 9352
RUEHPNH/NVC PORTSMOUTH NH 0308
INFO RUEHAD/AMEMBASSY ABU DHABI 0130
RUEHDS/AMEMBASSY ADDIS ABABA 6174
RUEHEG/AMEMBASSY CAIRO 0426
RUEHDJ/AMEMBASSY DJIBOUTI 3023
RUEHKM/AMEMBASSY KAMPALA 1075
RUEHKH/AMEMBASSY KHARTOUM 0253
RUEHNR/AMEMBASSY NAIROBI 4741
RUEHOT/AMEMBASSY OTTAWA 0189
RUEHSA/AMEMBASSY PRETORIA 1415
RUEHRH/AMEMBASSY RIYADH 1277
RUEHRO/AMEMBASSY ROME 1756
RUEHGA/AMCONSUL CALGARY 0015
RUEHTN/AMCONSUL CAPE TOWN 0035
RUEHDE/AMCONSUL DUBAI 0089
RUEHFT/AMCONSUL FRANKFURT 1316
RUEHMIL/AMCONSUL MILAN 0027
RUEHNP/AMCONSUL NAPLES 0008
RUEHON/AMCONSUL TORONTO 0007

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ASMARA 000967

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

DEPT FOR AF/CA
DEPT FOR CA/FPP, CA/EX
PASS TO KCC
PASS TO INL/HSTC
POSTS FOR FRAUD PREVENTION MANAGERS
FRANKFURT FOR RCO

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: CVIS KFRD CPAS CMGT ASEC ER
SUBJECT: QUARTERLY FRAUD REPORT - ASMARA

REF: A. Asmara 602 B. Asmara 815 C. STATE 00205073

1. The following is a summary of fraud conditions experienced during
the October to December 2007 period.

------------------
COUNTRY CONDITIONS
------------------

2. (SBU) The Government of the State of Eritrea's (GSE) economic
policies continue to cause scarcity of goods and impoverishment of
the people. Commodities such as cooking gas, diesel fuel, sugar,
and lentils are strictly rationed and are sometimes unavailable. In
2007 Eritrea's inflation rate was 25.6% and per capita GDP was only
$220. The GSE continues to press large numbers of citizens into
long, undefined periods of military service. Disenchantment
continues to build, especially among the young. This has led to a
massive illegal exodus across the borders of Sudan and Ethiopia,
estimated to be at least 1,000 people per month.

3. (SBU) The consular section in Asmara remains closed to most visa
services, but has continued limited issuances for extreme
humanitarian cases and those clearly in USG interests. The section
provides document intake services for Immigrant and Diversity visas,
transfers cases to other posts upon request, and provides document
verification services to other U.S. Embassies which process Eritrean
applicants. Post anticipates remaining closed for visa services for
at least the next few months, but continues to provide the full
array of American Citizen Services.

---------
NIV FRAUD
---------

4. (U) Post is not currently issuing NIVs in significant numbers and
has not experienced fraud during the reporting period.

--------
IV FRAUD
--------

5. (U) Post is not currently issuing IVs in significant numbers and
has not experienced fraud during the reporting period.

--------
DV FRAUD
--------

6. (U) Post is not currently issuing DVs in significant numbers and
has not experienced fraud during the reporting period.

----------------------
ACS AND PASSPORT FRAUD
----------------------

7. (U) Post has experienced no cases of ACS or passport fraud during
the reporting period.

--------------
ADOPTION FRAUD
--------------

8. (SBU) Post's case of possible adoption fraud from the previous
reporting period (reftel B) has come to a conclusion. The adoptive
mother has completed form I-407 for each of the adopted children to
voluntarily relinquish the children's LPR status and has apparently

ASMARA 00000967 002 OF 002


left the children in Eritrea. Post has had no contact with the
adoptive mother for nearly one month. She remains the adoptive
mother under Eritrean law and is still presumably their legal
guardian under U.S. law, but DHS has stated that the children no
longer have legal status in the U.S. An interested party from the
U.S. has been attempting to assist the children, but Privacy Act
restrictions prevent the Consular Officer from providing specific
support of this effort.

------------
ASYLUM FRAUD
------------

9. (U) Post is not currently issuing Visas 92/93 in significant
numbers and has not experienced fraud during the reporting period.

--------------------------------------------
COOPERATION WITH HOST GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES
--------------------------------------------

10. (U) Post continues to receive no cooperation on consular issues
from the host government, other than routine document verification.

---------------------------
AREAS OF PARTICULAR CONCERN
---------------------------

11. (SBU) The increasing desperation of Eritreans to attempt to
leave the country by any means available has not led to an increase
in fraud indicators, as would be reasonably expected. Post remains
vigilant in looking for fraud indicators, especially for new
passport and CRBA applications, and assumes that an increase in
fraudulent applications is highly likely given the current political
and economic situation in Eritrea.

---------------------
STAFFING AND TRAINING
---------------------

12. (U) The section remains short staffed during our closure and
will remain so until the section fully opens for visa services. All
staff members continue reading Fraud Digest and email guidance to
keep up to date on the latest fraud trends in the region.

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
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