Cablegate: Scenesetter for Codel Martinez


DE RUEHRB #1895/01 3651216
P 311216Z DEC 07





E.O. 12958: N/A

1. (SBU) SUMMARY: My staff and I are delighted to welcome you and
your delegation to Morocco. Your visit will help underscore the
importance of our relations with Morocco. Morocco is a paragon of
reform in the region and relations are so strong that it has been
designated a "major, non-NATO ally." The country conducted
parliamentary elections on September 7th, the second in King
Mohammed VI's eight year reign and the first since 2002. They were
widely hailed as the most free and transparent in Morocco's history
and were certified by a team of international observers under the
auspices of the National Democratic Institute. Morocco is also
engaged in negotiations under U.N. auspices on the future of the
Western Sahara, which we support. It is also increasingly focused
on the terrorist threat in North Africa and went on maximum alert
against that threat earlier this summer. END SUMMARY.

2. (U) WESTERN SAHARA: Bilaterally, your visit comes on the eve of
the third round of talks between Morocco and the POLISARIO under
United Nations auspices. The so-called Manhasset process represents
an opportunity for the two parties to engage in a meaningfulQalogue that will hopefully lead to a resolution of the Western
Sahara conflict.

3. (U) MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE ACCOUNT: You are also visiting Morocco
as the implementing legislation for the recently signed Millennium
Challenge Account Compact is being finalized. The Compact
represents a significant expansion of U.S. assistance to Morocco,
focused on key areas including agriculture, small-scale fisheries,
artisan crafts, financial services and enterprise support. This
support will build on previous USAID successes in micro-credit and
agriculture, but will also bring U.S. assistance into new areas.

impressive political and economic strides in recent years, including
liberalization of its trade relations with the United States and
other countries. Our bilateral free trade agreement entered into
force in January 2006, and brought a 44 percent increase in
bilateral trade in its first year. King Mohammed VI rules as well
as reigns. He has championed significant political reforms,
including relative freedom of expression, advances on human rights,
and the 2004 family law (or "moudawana"), which has significantly
enhanced the rights of women. Partly as a result of this reform
record, the current form of government retains support across the
political spectrum.

5. (SBU) CHALLENGES: Nonetheless, Morocco continues to face
serious challenges. Illiteracy and joblessness remain high, and
while economic growth has accelerated (averaging 5.4 percent from
1999 to 2006), it has not yet achieved the level needed to absorb
new entrants to the labor force or to reduce poverty. Frustration
over the lack of employment opportunities, the government's
inability to respond fully to educational and health needs, and
endemic corruption, have broadened the appeal of Islamic-oriented
parties and non-governmental organizations.

6. (SBU) The September 7 elections, while representing significant
progress in terms of governmental conduct of elections, highlighted
a fundamental lack of popular confidence in the political system.
Sixty three percent of registered voters did not vote. Among the 37
percent who did vote, approximately one fifth cast blank or spoiled
protest ballots. The nationalist Istiqlal party won less than a
fifth of the votes, slightly ahead of the Islamist Party of Justice
and Development, but emerged as the largest bloc in the new
parliament. The current government is made up of a minority
coalition headed by Istiqlal Prime Minister Abbas El-Fassi.

7. (SBU) TERRORISM: Popular frustrations, combined with satellite
television from the rest of the Arab world, have strengthened a
dangerous terrorist fringe, as reflected in the April bombings in
Casablanca that targeted the U. S. Consulate and Cultural Center,
among other targets. In the face of this threat, U.S.-Moroccan
counterterrorism cooperation has been excellent, as is reflected in
the recent visits to Rabat of APHSCT Frances Townsend, FBI Director
Mueller, and CIA Director Hayden. The U.S. finds in Morocco a
capable and active partner in the war against terror. Morocco
pursues an interdisciplinary approach in confronting the threat,
seeking to address the economic marginalization of youth and refute
extremist ideology by propagating Islamic messages of tolerance and
moderation, while at the same time pursuing vigorous law enforcement
and intelligence operations against specific terror cells. It has
acknowledged over the past year the importance of protecting human
rights during the pursuit of counterterrorism efforts.

8. (SBU) Our Mission Strategic Plan also adopts this holistic
approach, seeking on the one hand to sustain and expand
counterterrorism efforts in Morocco through continued diplomatic,
law enforcement and military cooperation, while on the other
supporting the country's ongoing social, economic, and political
reforms that directly address the conditions that create extremism.

9. (U) U.S. FOREIGN ASSISTANCE: Morocco received over USD 35
million in U.S. foreign assistance in FY07, approximately half of
which will be for activities under peace and security with
expenditures under IMET, INCLE, NADR and FMF. USD 18.9 million will
be spent to address Morocco's ongoing development challenges through
USAID with programs in economic growth, education/workforce
development and democracy/governance. Additional funding from
Washington of approximately USD 2 million annually is made available
through the Middle East Partnership Initiative for advancing the
Freedom Agenda and occasionally through other agencies, as well.

10. (U) The USD 700 million, five-year MCA Compact represents a
significant increase in U.S. assistance that will potentially have a
profound impact on Morocco's prospects for economic growth,
especially in agriculture, fisheries and traditional crafts.
However, Development Assistance (DA) and Economic Support Funds
(ESF) are looked to in order to underwrite an assistance response
that is complementary to the investment being made by the USG
through the Millennium Challenge Corporation.

11. (U) That complementary assistance looks to the needs of the
two-thirds of the 30 million Moroccans who are under age 30. This
population bulge, a result of rapid population growth in the 1970s
and 1980s, has led to significant challenges. Joblessness,
underemployment, poor education, and the inability of government to
meet citizens' needs are sources of alienation, radicalization, and
extremism that underpin a continuing terrorist threat.

12. (U) U.S. economic and development assistance is necessary to
continue to focus on three priorities: education, economic growth,
and democratic governance. U.S. assistance for peace and security
should include FMF at adequate levels to sustain a large stock of
U.S.-origin equipment while continuing strong military to military
partnership with Morocco, a major non-NATO ally. This will enhance
the professionalism and skills of Moroccan military personnel,
improve Morocco's ability to control its borders, and build upon the
Moroccan military's contributions to international peacekeeping
efforts and the global war on terror.


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