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Cablegate: Priorities of Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs And

VZCZCXRO3191
OO RUEHCHI RUEHCN RUEHDT RUEHHM
DE RUEHJA #1483/01 2180007
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 050007Z AUG 08
FM AMEMBASSY JAKARTA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 9702
INFO RUEHZS/ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHINGTON DC
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC
RUEHBK/AMEMBASSY BANGKOK 8495
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 2310
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 5260
RUEHBY/AMEMBASSY CANBERRA 2854
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 4782
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 JAKARTA 001483

SIPDIS

DEPT FOR OES AND EAP
COMMERCE FOR NOAA
USAID FOR ANE, EGAT
BANGKOK FOR RDM/A
NSC FOR CEQ CONNAUGHTON, VAN DYKE, KUSKA

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: EAGR EAID KGHG SENV PGOV ID
SUBJECT: PRIORITIES OF INDONESIAN MINISTRY OF MARINE AFFAIRS AND
FISHERIES

REF: JAKARTA 1289

1. (U) Summary: The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries'
(DKP) vision is one of environmentally sustainable coastal resource
management and economic development. Its highest priority
activities include: fisheries management plans for specific areas;
capacity building and training on fisheries enforcement; developing
a national action plan for the Coral Triangle Initiative; and
technical support for aquaculture development and expansion. DKP
expects its leadership of the World Oceans Conference (May 2009) to
help reinforce these priorities within the GOI and internationally.
DKP will soon begin strategic planning for 2010 and beyond. USG
assistance will help DKP meet these objectives and develop its next
strategic plan. End Summary.

Specific Project Priorities
---------------------------
2. (U) DKP's Directorates are responsible for management of all
coastal and marine natural resources. Priorities of each
Directorate tend to reflect their area of responsibility, although
the Secretary General of DKP encourages collaboration between groups
(reftel). Capacity building, training, and educational exchanges
focused on DKP strategic priorities are of great interest to DKP
managers and staff. New directions include adaptation to climate
change and addressing food security issues as a result of recent
increases in fuel prices. Highest priority activities include:
fisheries management plans for specific areas; capacity building and
training on fisheries enforcement; developing a national action plan
for the Coral Triangle Initiative; and technical support for
aquaculture development and expansion.

3. (U) Fisheries management plans for specific areas (for example,
North Java): The plans should integrate management of marine
protected areas; other recommendations for habitat protection,
rehabilitation or artificial reefs; rules for sustainable fisheries
that will reduce poverty, including gear and boat specifications;
and licensing, surveillance, and enforcement. The plans should
identify incentives for small fishermen to comply with best
practices and law. The plans must address implementation barriers,
including how best to integrate national, provincial, and local
government interests and responsibilities.

4. (U) Capacity building and training on fisheries enforcement,
including pollution/marine resource surveillance and destructive
fishing investigations, including calculating the economic losses:
This would strengthen enforcement programs in key areas,
particularly in the Sulu Sulawesi, South China, and Arafura Seas, by
building on traditional fisheries management practices (using
community-based surveillance and customary law). A preliminary
focus could be placed on destructive practices in capturing shrimp
and skipjack tuna.

5. (U) Coral Triangle initiative activities focus both on
supporting the regional (international) secretariat, and on
developing a national action plan: A national action plan for the
Coral Triangle Initiative is a priority for DKP. The specific form
this plan will take is still under discussion and reaching consensus
is difficult. Ideas presented so far include an integrated project
to manage fisheries, marine protected areas, and provide sustainable
alternative livelihoods in coastal and small island areas in an area
encompassing southern Sulawesi and East Nusa Tenggara. Alternative
proposals include completing comprehensive coastal management plans
for the provinces in the Coral Triangle.

6. (U) Technical support for aquaculture development and expansion:
Seaweed aquaculture holds great promise as a sustainable
alternative economic activity in coastal areas and on small islands.
To implement this vision, seaweed aquaculture must include
partnerships with the private sector to stabilize supply chains, and
should include business models that encourage development of
diversified economies in small communities. One model that holds
promise is a program in South Sulawesi that requires project
participants to invest some of their early profits in expanding the
technology to other islands. The movement towards requiring
certification and documentation of the source of fish products can
also increase the value of Indonesian fisheries products. Training

JAKARTA 00001483 002 OF 002


and capacity building in aquaculture technologies and approaches
appropriate to small coastal communities are particularly useful.

Intersection with US Interests
------------------------------
7. (U) The Coral Triangle Initiative is a USG priority, and USAID
plans to invest $40 million for regional CTI activities. USAID is
providing funding for a team of consultants to conduct an assessment
of DKP in August 2008. USAID Jakarta also plans to provide the
services of a highly-qualified advisor to work with the Secretary
General's office for 1-2 years, as DKP develops its strategic plan
for 2010 and beyond. DKP is highly motivated to develop a closer
relationship with NOAA under the framework of the Memorandum of
Understanding that NOAA and DKP signed in 2007. Investing in any of
DKP's highest priority activities with a goal of demonstrating
sustainable coastal resource management and economic development in
small island communities would provide models that could be applied
in other developing countries.

HUME

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