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Cablegate: Wmd Commission: Russia Travel


DE RUEHC #4105 2182034
P 052031Z AUG 08




E.O. 12958: N/A

1. This is an action cable - please see paragraph 8 for
Embassy assistance requests.

2. Summary: The Commission on Prevention of WMD
Proliferation and Terrorism will travel to Moscow, Russia
during the period of September 22-26, 2008 to assess and
update, as appropriate, the Department of Energy's
Nonproliferation Programs with Russia. Drawing on the
information below, Washington requests that Post apply for
Russian letters of invitation and site access for the WMD
Commission to the following sites in order to complete the
assessment process: the Russian Research Center Kurchatov
Institute, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, the
Security Assessment and Training Center, and the Lunevo MVD
Training Center. (The Department also forwarded to the
Embassy's Political Military Section a letter from Commission
Chairman Senator Robert Graham and Commission Vice Chairman
Senator James Talent to Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov The
letter requests the Foreign Minister's assistance in
authorizing and facilitating the Commission's visit). An
e-country clearance request and fund cite will be transmitted
separately. End Summary.

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3. Background:
The Commission was established under the Implementing
Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007. The
members of this bipartisan Commission were appointed by the
majority and minority leadership of the U.S. House and
Senate. Former Senator Robert Graham is the Chairman of the
Commission, and former Senator James Talent is the
Vice-Chairman. The Commission is required to assess the U.S.
government's current activities, initiatives, and programs to
prevent WMD proliferation and terrorism, and to provide a
comprehensive strategy with concrete recommendations to the
President and Congress. The Commission's final report is due
this fall.

4. Travelers include the following:

1) Wendy Ruth Sherman
Passport #:

2) Daniel Robert Graham
Passport #:

3) Stephen Rademaker
Passport #:

4) Robin Cleveland
Passport #:

5) Graham Tillett Allison, Jr.
Passport #:

6) Henry David Sokolski
Passport #:

7) Rahul Verma
Passport #:

8) Timothy Roemer
Passport #:

1) Neal Allen Pollard
Passport #:

2) Joseph Jay Helman
Passport #:

3) Evelyn Farkas
Passport #:

4) George William Look
Passport #:

5) Georgia Anne Adams
Passport #:

6) Maurice Aaron Mallin
Passport #:

7) Kenneth Damian Ward
Passport #:

8) Eric Fanning
Passport #:

5. Purpose of Travel:
As part of its mandate, the Commission is required to assess
and, where necessary, update and expand upon the conclusions
and recommendations of the report entitled, "A Report Card on
the Department of Energy's Nonproliferation Programs with
Russia" (also known as the "Baker-Cutler Report"). The
purpose of the trip to Moscow and the subsequent site visits
serves as part of the assessment process pertaining to this
portion of the Commission's mandate.

6. Travel Destination and General Schedule:

The following is a draft itinerary for the Commissioners'
trip to Moscow, Russia. Post is requested to provide
permission to visit for the following days: September 22-26.

Draft Itinerary

September 22, 2008: Monday (Washington, DC -- Moscow)
1230 Depart Washington Dulles Airport (IAD)

September 23, 2008: Tuesday (Moscow)
1030 Arrive Moscow Sheremetyevo Airport (SVO) and recover
1400 Office Call
U.S. Ambassador to Russia, John Beyrle
1500 Embassy Briefings
National Security Officials (TBD)
1700 Return to Hotel

September 24, 2008: Wednesday (Moscow)
0800 Breakfast at hotel
0900 Meetings with MFA, Rosatom State Corporation, and MOD
officials, including ROSATOM Director Sergey Kiriyenko, Armed
Forces Chief of General Staff, General Nikolai Makarov, and
the newly appointed Russian Ambassador to the U.S. Sergey
Kislyak (if available).
1200 Lunch
1330 Site Visit: The Russian Research Center Kurchatov
Institute (KI)

DESCRIPTION: The Russian Research Center Kurchatov Institute
is the first and the most prominent nuclear institute in
Russia. This center was set up in place of the I.V.
Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy (former Laboratory No.2
of the USSR Academy of Sciences founded in 1943) in November
1991 in accordance with the Decree of President of Russia.
The first nuclear reactor (F1) in Europe and Asia is still
operating in the Kurchatov Institute. The Center is placed
under the direct authority of the Russian Government and is
not part of either the Russian Academy of Sciences or any
branch ministry. Material, Protection, Control, and
Accounting (MPC&A) improvements have been implemented at the
main access gates, perimeter, and six buildings and
facilities located at the Kurchatov Institute. These include
physical protection and material accounting equipment
upgrades, training, procedural improvements, protective force
equipment including upgraded communications, and secure
nuclear material transportation vehicles. Apart from having
KI facilities upgraded, DOE also works with the Institute on
many other activities - MPC&A upgrades at other facilities,
MOD/Navy RTG recovery, RADON security upgrades, GT-MHR
reactor development, etc. The site visit will include
discussion with top institute managers and scientists on any
topics of interest to the delegation. If site access is
granted, the delegation also will/may see significant part of
the MPC&A upgrades.

1630 Return to hotel
1900 Dinner hosted by Rose Gottemoeller, Director of the
Carnegie Moscow Center

September 25, 2008: Thursday (Moscow)
0730 Breakfast at hotel
0830 Depart for Site Visit: Joint Institute for Nuclear
Research (JINR)
1030 Site Visit: Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)

DESCRIPTION: JINR was established as an international
scientific center in 1956 and conducts research in physics,
radiation biology, nuclear medicine, and experimental
instruments and methods. It employs over 6,000 people and is
comprised of eight major laboratories. JINR had two
plutonium and highly enriched uranium (HEU)-fueled reactors
and a Central Storage Facility (CSF) for fresh reactor fuel.
The reactors have been decommissioned. The JINR project is
funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration's
(NNSA) Office of International Materials Protection and
Cooperation and MPC&A cooperation began in 1996. Initial
physical protection system upgrades were commissioned in 1998
and involved improvements to the CSF, relocation of the
Central Alarm Station (CAS), and provision of a new radio-
communication system. CSF security upgrades focused on
personnel access control areas, the guard station, and the
storage area. Initial MPC&A upgrades and capabilities were
completed in 1998. These included a computerized Material
Accounting System, Tamper Indicating Devices, Non-Destructive
Assay equipment, a Physical Inventory Taking system, and
fresh fuel measurement system. The project team initiated
sustainability activities with the site in fiscal year 1999
and for the last 9 years, JINR has simultaneously received
reduced U.S. support to replace old and obsolete systems and
limited additional MPC&A upgrade work scope.

1300 Lunch
1400 Depart for Site Visit: Security Assessment and Training
Center (SATC)
1500 Site Visit: Security Assessment and Training Center

DESCRIPTION: The SATC compound includes an access control
point, a test bed, a simulated bunker facility, a simulated
access control building, testing and evaluation laboratories,
teaching and training rooms, administrative buildings, a
maintenance building, a proof-of-concept AICMS (Automated
Inventory Control and Management System) facility, a Small
Arms Training System (SATS), a live-fire shooting range, and
a drug testing laboratory used for the Personnel Reliability
Program. The SATC provides a joint location to identify
enhancements for MOD,s nuclear weapons storage structures.
This has been accomplished by testing and demonstrating
various commercial (off-the-shelf) security equipment in the
SATC's simulated site environment. The types of security
equipment procured for testing include command and control
systems, exterior sensors systems, rapidly deployable sensor
systems, fire and safety systems, access control systems with
hazardous material detection systems, access delay systems,
and guard force equipment, and engineering upgrades to those
systems. It is envisioned that the SATC, in conjunction with
the Kola and Siberian Technical Centers provided by DOE and
the Far East Training Center to be provided by DoD, will be
used as a training facility and depot-level maintenance
facility to sustain security systems installed at all
facilities securing weapons of mass destruction across Russia.

1900 Return to hotel

September 26, 2008: Friday (Moscow -Washington, DC)
0800 Breakfast at hotel
1000 Check-out and depart hotel for airport
1255 Depart Moscow Sheremetyevo Airport (SVO)
1942 Return to Washington Dulles Airport (IAD)

7. Other options for site visits:

Lunevo MVD Training Center

DESCRIPTION: In the beginning of 2006 the Duma passed an act
that shortened the enlistment for conscript troops from two
years to only one year. This effectively doubles the
training requirement for the MOD and MVD. The MVD-IT which
is responsible for the security at MPC&A sites in conjunction
with Rosatom agreed to establish training centers that train
only the conscripts and contract forces that will be assigned
to the special sites. The Lunevo Training Center (LTC) is a
MVD-IT training center for all conscripts, contract troops
and commanders assigned to protected the nuclear and
sensitive assets of the Russian Federation. The center has
indoor and outdoor classrooms and training laboratories that
address all facets of guards' duties at a nuclear facility
and some aspects of the transportation of nuclear assets.
The classrooms were equipped with the furniture, computer
hard and software, simulators, and the electronic shooting
range. Funding for the Lunevo training center was jointly
shared by the MVD-IT, ROSATOM and the U.S. MPC&A program.

8. Action Request:

The Department requests Embassy Moscow's assistance in
facilitating ground transportation, providing rates for
hotels, and passing clearances for access and use of
classified space. Furthermore, the Embassy's assistance is
requested in coordinating requests for site visits and
submitting a letter of invitation request. Please designate
a POC at Post for further communication regarding Embassy

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