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Cablegate: Unsc Reform: Pga Kerim Asks for Usg Help Reigning

VZCZCXYZ0000
OO RUEHWEB

DE RUCNDT #0716/01 2212042
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
O 082042Z AUG 08
FM USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4773
INFO RUEHGG/UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
RUEHRL/AMEMBASSY BERLIN IMMEDIATE 0954
RUEHBR/AMEMBASSY BRASILIA IMMEDIATE 0967
RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD IMMEDIATE 1997
RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI IMMEDIATE 2279
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO IMMEDIATE 8512

C O N F I D E N T I A L USUN NEW YORK 000716

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 08/08/2018
TAGS: PREL PGOV KUNR UNSC GM JA IN PK BR
SUBJECT: UNSC REFORM: PGA KERIM ASKS FOR USG HELP REIGNING
IN UFC FROM PLAYING "BAD LOSER"

Classified By: Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad for reasons 1.4 (b) and (d).

1. (C) Summary: General Assembly President Srgjan Kerim
described to Ambassador Khalilzad August 7 a growing divide
on UN Security Council reform between the G4 and the Uniting
For Consensus (UFC) blocs, with the Brazilians threatening to
join the Indians in tabling a resolution if inter-government
negotiations are not launched, while the Pakistanis and
Italians are reverting to rigid positions that would halt the
launch of negotiations. Kerim asked the Ambassador to
intervene with the UFC bloc, warn them that they risk losing
control of the process, and urge them to regain control of it
by allowing inter-governmental negotiations to be launched
within a framework of the Open-Ended Working Group or the
General Assembly with the objective of reaching general
agreement. End summary.

Brazil prepared to table
resolution with India
------------------------

2. (C) President of the General Assembly (PGA) Srgjan
Kerim, who had just returned from a working visit to Brazil,
Argentina, and Chile, told the Ambassador August 7 that the
Brazilian Foreign Minister "showed his cards" and told him
that Brazil would "behave like India" and join India in
tabling a resolution if inter-governmental negotiations are
not launched through the current process. Kerim said that he
told them that the previous L.69 resolution "spoiled a lot."
He said the Brazilian response was that the L.69 resolution
had actually forced the opposition to include
inter-governmental negotiations in the decision of the 61st
session and that would not have happened without the pressure
of the L.69 resolution. According to Kerim, the Brazilians
are ready to join the Indians in playing the same card again.
In a separate conversation earlier in the day, August 7, the
Indian Permanent Representative told the Ambassador that they
planned to move forward with a resolution if
inter-governmental negotiations are not launched.

UFC bloc -- Pakistan and Italy
growing more extreme
------------------------------

3. (C) Before his trip, Kerim met several times with a small
group (Japan, Egypt, Pakistan, and the United Kingdom) to
make progress on agreed language for the draft decision that
will be approved by the Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG) and
sent to the General Assembly. In the last meeting, Kerim
said the Pakistani representative threatened to provoke
India, should they table a resolution, in a manner which
would force them to lose. Kerim also noted the July 30
letter from the Italians, on behalf, of the Uniting for
Consensus (UFC) bloc, which insists that the UFC will only
support launching inter-governmental negotiations after there
is agreement on the framework and "negotiables" within the
OEWG. Kerim described this letter as "very rigid" and
"counter-revolutionary." Kerim remarked that the UFC does
not appear to be fully united in this tougher stance.
Argentina, Colombia, Turkey, and Canada, he said, appear to
favor more flexibility, while Pakistan and Italy are more
rigid, with Spain and Mexico joining them.

Kerim seeks US approach to
UFC on possible way forward
---------------------------

4. (C) Kerim voiced concern that, given the more extreme
positions, there will soon be a breakdown of civility and a
clear split between a majority and a minority with the G4
taking the lead. In order to prevent this, Kerim stressed
the need "to get the UFC on board" by the first week of
September and asked for the USG's help. Kerim said he did
not think the UFC was fully aware of the situation and how
close the G4 were to a potential breakthrough. He asked for
USG help in telling the UFC to not be a "bad loser" but
instead to play a constructive role in the process by
allowing it to continue to inch forward through the launching
of inter-governmental negotiations. The UFC's insistence on
negotiating everything prior to the actual launch of
inter-governmental negotiations is not practical, Kerim
stressed, nor necessary if the negotiations are launched
within the framework of the OEWG or the General Assembly with
the objective of reaching general agreement. Ambassador
Khalilzad said he would discuss this request from the PGA
with Washington.


5. (C) Kerim asked the Ambassador if he would be willing to
participate, as a moderating influence, in the next working
meeting of the group of four, August 20. The Ambassador said
he would see what he could do.
Khalilzad

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