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Cablegate: Finland: Comments On Gymnich September 5-6

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RR RUEHAG RUEHAST RUEHDA RUEHDF RUEHFL RUEHIK RUEHKW RUEHLA RUEHLN
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DE RUEHHE #0406/01 2481343
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FM AMEMBASSY HELSINKI
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 4529
INFO RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 0097

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 HELSINKI 000406

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: EUN PREL PGOV GG PHUM RU FI
SUBJECT: FINLAND: COMMENTS ON GYMNICH SEPTEMBER 5-6

REF: A. STATE 93264
B. STATE 93272

1. (SBU) Summary: PolOff delivered points from reftels to
Markku Lampinen, Deputy Director Deputy European
Correspondent, Unit for European Common Foreign and Security
Policy on September 3. Lampinen stated that the extraordinary
European Council (EC) meeting on Monday (September 1) left
less for the Foreign Ministers to discuss. He stated that the
Government of Finland (GOF) is pleased with the EC meeting's
outcome, where a consensus message to Russia was crafted
without resorting to sanctions. He expects Georgia/Russia to
dominate the discussion on September 5-6. Regarding the
Middle East Peace Process, he expects discussion on how the
process should proceed despite internal Israeli political
changes. On Transatlantic relations, Lampinen discussed
possible opportunities to enhance EU-US cooperation and
commented on the need to consider new and traditional threats
within EU Security strategy. He suggested
Afghanistan/Pakistan would have a place on the agenda due
partly to the recent French military casualties there.
Lampinen did not comment on the Balkans. End Summary.

Russia/Georgia
-----------------
2. (SBU) According to Lampinen, the ministers could reach
some decisions in their Friday and Saturday meetings on the
concept for the European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP)
mission. He stated that two things were required before the
ESDP mission could move forward. First, the mission needs a
UN Security Council green light for peacekeeping operations
to go forward. Second, Lampinen stated that a paper on the
proposed EU-OSCE platform and how to bring the different
actors together (EU, UN, OSCE, US, Russia, World Bank) will
be presented in Vienna by early next week. He said that the
target number for the proposed ESDP civilian mission is 200,
with ten from Finland, and noted that the ESDP presence would
facilitate Russian withdrawal from safety zones as part of
the "Six Point Plan" by putting international observers in
place. He stated that there would be one chairman or high
level representative for the program. Lampinen also noted
that Sarkozy is to visit Moscow soon and reconvey the OSCE
Chairman's message to move forward with concrete deployment
of the remaining agreed-upon OSCE observers. Based on the
Partnership Agreement (EU-Russia) negotiations postponement,
ideas for constructive cooperation with Russia in one of the
"four common spaces" (economic; freedom, security and
justice; external security; research and education) could
come up.

Middle East & Peace Process
-------------------------
3. (SBU) Lampinen believes EU positions will remain the same
in spite of the upcoming Israeli Prime Minister change and
that the peace process should continue despite Israel's
internal politics. The EU would convey the message to the
Israelis that they need to see real improvements on the
ground for Palestinians, especially relative to settlements,
road blocks and check points. Lampinen noted that while they
welcomed the removal of some check points, they weren't the
most relevant check points to Palestinian everyday life, and
while they welcomed the freed prisoners, the Israelis still
hold around 10,000 in prison. (Note: When asked about FM
Stubb's current visit (September 2) to the Middle East,
Lampinen related that Stubb wanted to go for some time, and
so far, the trip is going well. End Note)

4. (SBU) On Lebanon and Syria, Lampinen felt there would be a
positive outcome with the unity government in Lebanon, that
Lebanon could elect a president and finally establish
diplomatic relations with Syria and mark the border, though
nothing has occurred yet. He believes that even with
Hezbollah in government, extremist disarmament and the Harare
murder investigation should continue and that the EU should
support unity and the integrity of the Lebanese army. GoF is
in favor of improvement in EU-Syrian relations on the
condition that Syria shows a "constructive attitude" and
supports democratic development in Lebanon and enhances its
own social reforms. France has proposed the signing of the
long-tabled EU-Syria Association Agreement.

EU Security Strategy & Transatlantic Relations
--------------------------------------------- -
5. (SBU) Lampinen remarked that Sarkozy has consistently
favored improved Transatlantic relations. The ministers
expect an interim report from High Representative Solana as
to the current state of work on revisions to the 2003
security strategy. The work proceeds through the European
Institute for Security Studies (ISS) seminars with the next
scheduled for Helsinki September 18 and 19 and the revised
document expected in December. Lampinen stated that the

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EU-US strategic dialogue should reflect current international
challenges and international agendas, including enhanced
EU-NATO cooperation. He reiterated Foreign Minister Stubb's
wish to invite the NATO Secretary General to address the
Foreign Ministers and come to other EU fora. Lampinen also
remarked that while the security strategy would look at new
threats and global challenges, it also had to look at
traditional security threats starting with European
stability. He mentioned the need to identify fields where
Transatlantic relations could be enhanced. For example, the
GoF would like EU-US cooperation to extend beyond political
and security subjects and include science and technology, and
expand on development policy.

Afghanistan/Pakistan
---------------------
6. (SBU) Lampinen said that Afghanistan and Pakistan did not
originally appear on the agenda, but with the recent loss of
French troops, they are a source of great concern.
Ultimately, Afghanistan must find a political solution and
the EU should try to guarantee security for the August 2009
Afghan elections. Lampinen hoped that a high level EU
delegation will visit Pakistan soon to establish a dialogue
even though the current Pakistani domestic political
situation is unclear. GoF thinks the EU should react to the
refugee problem and the humanitarian situation caused by the
Taliban fighting. Lampinen mentioned that GoF favors doubling
the size of EUPOL operations and is looking for more people
to send.
BARRETT

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