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Cablegate: Drc Presses Monuc for Activation of Verification

VZCZCXRO6447
OO RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHKI #0886 2891713
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 151713Z OCT 08
FM AMEMBASSY KINSHASA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 8608
INFO RUEHXR/RWANDA COLLECTIVE
RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AF DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLECTIVE
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHDC
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RUZEJAA/JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK

UNCLAS KINSHASA 000886

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL CG
SUBJECT: DRC PRESSES MONUC FOR ACTIVATION OF VERIFICATION
TEAMS

1. (U) DRC Foreign Minister Mbusa Nyamwisi delivered a letter
October 9 to UN SRSG Alan Doss requesting activation of the Joint
Verification Mechanism (JVM) to investigate GDRC allegations of
Rwandan Defense Force (RDF) involvement in recent clashes between
Congolese armed forces (FARDC) and armed rebels loyal to dissident
general Laurent Nkunda in North Kivu. The request follows public
statements by Nyamwisi claiming FARDC capture of equipment,
clothing, and documents belonging to RDF personnel. A scanned copy
of the letter in the original French was sent to AF/C and Embassy
Kigali. An unofficial translation of the letter is at paragraph 4.


2. (U) The JVM was established in September 2004 as a follow on
measure to the 1999 Lusaka Agreement, the July 2002 Pretoria
Agreement, and the 2004 USG-facilitated Tripartite Agreement on
Regional Security in the Great Lakes between DRC, Rwanda, Uganda
(Note: Burundi later joined the Tripartite Agreement, which became
the Tripartite Plus One. End note). The JVM consists of
representatives from the DRC and Rwanda, as well as logistical and
security assistance from the UN (MONUC) and the African Union (AU).
The mandate of the JVM is to "to verify, investigate, and report on
all allegations and carry out impromptu verifications on either
territory."

3. Comment: (SBU) The JVM has remained dormant since its inception
in 2004. In the current environment of heightened rhetoric between
Kigali and Kinshasa, the successful implementation of the JVM may
prove a positive disincentive to the release of unsubstantiated
claims from the two governments. End comment.


4. (U) Unofficial translation of letter:

Begin unofficial translation:

"Democratic Republic of Congo
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation

Kinshasa, 9 October, 2008
No. 130/01/CH/02476/2008

Info copies to:

- The President of the Republic
- The Prime Minister
- The State Minister of the Interior, Decentralization and Security
- The Minister of Defense and Veterans' Affairs
- Mme Rose Museminari, Rwanda Minister of Foreign Affairs and
Cooperation
- Mme Joyce Leader, Representative of the Tripartite Plus 1
Facilitation Commission
- The European Union Special Envoy to the Great Lakes, President of
the Joint Monitoring Group
- Special Envoys to the JMG

To: Mr. Alan Doss, Special Representative of the United Nations
Secretary General

Subject: Request to activate the Joint Verification Mechanism

Excellency,

Referring to my letter no. 130/24/jcsal/02329/2008 of 13 September,
2008 addressed to the European Union Special Envoy to the Great
Lakes, President of the Joint Monitoring Group, of which a copy was
sent to you, I have the honor to request that you convene the team
of experts of the Joint Verification Mechanism, to proceed to the
verification of allegations that the Government of Congo has
formulated against the Government of Rwanda regarding the
involvement of the Rwandan Defense Forces (RDF) in the resumption of
hostilities in the East of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

I have attached a chart representing the allegations mentioned
above.

Cordially,

Antipas Mbusa Nyamwisi"

End unofficial translation.

BROCK

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