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Cablegate: Wjei in South Africa (2) - Annexures

VZCZCXRO0307
RR RUEHDU RUEHJO
DE RUEHSA #2395/01 3051504
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 311504Z OCT 08
FM AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 6242
INFO RUEHTN/AMCONSUL CAPE TOWN 6216
RUEHDU/AMCONSUL DURBAN 0359
RUEHJO/AMCONSUL JOHANNESBURG 8569

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 05 PRETORIA 002395

SIPDIS

PASS TO STATE/INL FOR DISSELKOEN, SNYDER; G/WID FOR KNOX;
AID/AFR FOR ISRALOW, DOBBINS; AID/DCHA FOR AKUMU

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL PGOV PHUM SF
SUBJECT: WJEI IN SOUTH AFRICA (2) - ANNEXURES

REF: PRETORIA 2378


1. This cable provides annexures to reftel cable, "WJEI IN
SOUTH AFRICA: BUILDING ON SUCCESS."

--------------------------------------------- ---------------
IV. "FINAL PROGRAM DESIGN"
--------------------------------------------- ---------------

2. Per the format requested by the Department, the following
sections summarize our conception of the South African WJEI
program elements and activities going forward.

- Strategic Priorities: assist women victims of sexual
offenses; improve SAG capacity to curb violence against
women; and build strong relationships with our South African
partners in health and social services, law enforcement and
the judiciary, and policymaking, leaving them with
self-sustaining capabilities.

- Potential Challenges: exceedingly high rates of crime,
particularly but not only sexual offenses, taxing the
capacity of all responders from medical and social workers to
police, prosecutors, and judges; very high rates of HIV/AIDS,
straining the social fabric and increasing the vulnerability
of women and children to rape and sexual assault; limited
institutional capacity of a 14-year-old democracy still
transitioning from the apartheid era coping with shortages of
skills and human capital; and competing funding priorities in
a nation seeking to redress vast economic and social
inequalities.

---------------
Links to PEPFAR
---------------

3. Since there is a high correlation between HIV infection
and sexual violence including rape, the President's Emergency
Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) supports Thuthuzela Care
Centers (TCCs) with funding. In FY'06, PEPFAR provided
assistance to SOCA to undertake an audit of the ten existing
TCCs to ensure that in providing treatment to rape victims
they comply with protocols, guidelines and regulations of the
National Department of Health. With FY'07 funding, PEPFAR
provided support to establish seven additional TCCs. PEPFAR
will provide $2,085,000 in FY'08 and $2,085,000 again in
FY'09 to the new contract to implement WJEI activities from
FY'09-11. In addition, the PEPFAR initiative on Sexual and
Gender Based Violence (SGBV) shares with the WJEI the goal of
"developing and implementing sexual violence service delivery
models." Consequently, $166,000 will be obligated to the new
WJEI contract from the PEPFAR SGBV fund.

-----------------------------------
Program Element 1: Victims' Support
-----------------------------------

4. This element involves assistance to victims of sexual
violence, at the SAG's rape crisis centers.

- Objective: to address the full range of medical, justice,
and social needs of women victims of sexual violence.

- Outputs to be measured:
- number of TCCs
- number of victims assisted
- number of TCC core staff trained

- Desired outcome:
- end to secondary victimization
- reduced lead time to finalize cases
- higher conviction rates of perpetrators

- Expected long term impact: increased number, improved
quality, and expanded geographic scope of victims' assistance.


--------------------------------------------- --------
Program Element 2: Justice / Police Capacity Building
--------------------------------------------- --------

5. This element involves nationwide week-long training
courses for SAPS detectives and first responders.

- Objective: to improve police knowledge of legislation
pertaining to sexual offenses; to impart effective techniques
Qpertaining to sexual offenses; to impart effective techniques
of securing crime scenes, collecting evidence, and

PRETORIA 00002395 002 OF 005


investigating cases; and to increase effectiveness and
sensitivity in the interviewing of witnesses and victims.

- Outputs to be measured:
- number of police detectives and first responders
trained
- test score improvements vis-a-vis knowledge of sexual
offenses
- higher rates of cases taken to court (not dismissed
for poor evidence)
- higher conviction rates, in part due to strong case
management

- Desired outcomes:
- demonstrably enhanced capacity of South African law
enforcement to investigate sexual violence, building solid
and irrefutable case evidence for prosecution.
- improved coordination among ministries, in an
integrated response to victims and violators.

- Expected long term impact:
- improved crime scene management and evidence
collection, enabling stronger prosecution potential (below),
with its follow-on ripple effects on society


--------------------------------------------- ------
Program Element 3: Justice / Prosecutors and Judges
--------------------------------------------- ------

6. This element entails national colloquia for judges and
training courses for NPA prosecutors.

- Objective: to improve knowledge among magistrates, judges,
and prosecutors of new legislation pertaining to sexual
offenses; to inform prosecutors on the particular nature of
evidence in such cases, to assist their efficacy in the
courtroom; and to encourage a very specialized sensitivity to
rape victims' emotional states and distinctive behaviors, in
order to elicit effective testimony without subjecting
victims to a second traumatization.

- Outputs to be measured:
- number of judge and prosecutor participants
- test score improvements vis-a-vis knowledge of sexual
offenses
- percentage of cases resulting in conviction

- Desired outcomes:
- demonstrably enhanced capacity of South African
criminal justice to prosecute cases of sexual violence.
- higher conviction rates

- Expected long term impact:
- more sensitive treatment of victims, and improved
prosecution of perpetrators
- greater confidence of victims to press charges
- end to assumption of impunity among perpetrators
- long-term deterrence of sexual criminality
- greater security for women, empowering them through
greater physical mobility


--------------------------------------------- ---------------
V. FINANCIALS TO DATE
--------------------------------------------- ---------------

-------------------------------
USAID Receipts and Expenditures
-------------------------------

7. The table below summarizes funds received and spent by
USAID in South Africa for WJEI initiatives over FY'06-09.
Remaining funds total $11.7 million, awarded in the contract
to RTI to be spent FY'09-'11. Sources of funding are PEPFAR;
INL's Economic Support Fund (ESF) Carry-over; USAID
Development Assistance (DA), both newly obligated funds and
DA recoveries; and the Gender Based Violence (GBV) Initiative.

--------------------------------------------- ---------------

($ Thousands)
FY'06 FY'07 FY'08 FY'09
----- ----- ----- -----

Funds Received:
- From PEPFAR 280 1,400 2,086 2,086
- ESF Carryover 1,000 - -

PRETORIA 00002395 003 OF 005


- NOA ESF (Sept.'08) - - 4,780 -
- Devt. Assistance - 772 - -
- " " Recoveries - 500 - -
- GBV Initiative - - 167 -
----- ----- ----- -----
> Total received 1,280 2,672 7,033 2,086


Funds Spent:
- 4 TCCs refurbished 280 386 - -
- To be spent by 12/08 - 1,014 - -
----- ----- ----- -----
> Total spent 280 1,400 - -

>> Funds Remaining: 1,000 1,272 7,033 2,086


>>> TOTAL Available Funds (All Years): $ 11,689,666

--------------------------------------------- ---------------

---------------------------------
INL/POL Receipts and Expenditures
---------------------------------

8. The table below summarizes funds received and spent by
INL's NLEA (Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs) section in
South Africa over FY'04-08, and by the Political Section
since assuming responsibility for WJEI as of mid-2008.
Sources of funding are INL, ICITAP, and OPDAT. According to
post's Budget and Finance (B&F) section, funds in past years
were spent on Financial Crimes Investigation (FCI), Resident
Legal Advisor (RLA) and Intermittent Legal Advisor to NPA,
Immigration and Border Security (IBS), Sartije Bartman Centre
for Women and Children (SBC), Cyberism, Anti Trafficking
Project (ATP), and Dimension Data (DD). Remaining funds
total about $1.05 million, of which all but FY'08 moneys are
obligated to these listed initiatives with which the
Political Section is unfamiliar. The Political Section's
spending to date on WJEI initiatives is limited to FY'08
funds totaling approximately $244,400.

--------------------------------------------- ---------------

($ Thousands)
FY'04 FY'05 FY'06 FY'07 FY'08
----- ----- ----- ----- -----

Funds Received:
- From INL 189.8 322.4 66.0 33.0 136.0
- From ICITAP - - - - 299.0
- From OPDAT 555.1 467.0 - - 41.0
----- ----- ----- ----- -----
> Total received 744.9 789.4 66.0 33.0 476.0


Funds Spent:
- FCI 69.3 62.2 - - -
- RLA/ILA NPA 219.3 162.2 - - -
- IBS 54.6 - - - -
- SBC - 12.0 - - -
- Cyberism - - 66.0 33.0 -
- ATP - - - - 36.0
- DD - - - - 100.0
- WJEI - - - - 232.7
- ILA - - - - 11.7
----- ----- ----- ----- -----
> Total spent 343.2 236.4 66.0 33.0 380.4


>> Funds Remaining: 401.7 553.0 - - 95.6


>>> TOTAL Available Funds (All Years): $1,050,300

--------------------------------------------- ---------------


--------------------------------------------- ---------------
VI. FINANCIALS - FORECAST
--------------------------------------------- ---------------

9. USAID forecast expenditures, per the contract with RTI,
are estimated below.

--------------------------------------------- ---------------
Q-------------------------------------------- ----------------

PRETORIA 00002395 004 OF 005

($ Thousands)
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Total
------ ------ ------ ------

Direct Costs
- Labor 958 1,310 706 2,974
- Subcontractor 566 566 566 1,698
- Grants 377 377 188 942
- Equipment 329 253 183 765
- Consultants 164 145 107 416
- Materials 34 35 38 107
- Other Direct 450 517 348 1,314
------ ------ ------ ------
> Subtotal 2,877 3,204 2,136 8,217

Indirect Costs
- General/Admin 434 570 322 1,326
- Materials,
Supplies, Expenses 59 55 43 157
- Other Indirect 400 550 289 1,238
------ ------ ------ ------
> Subtotal 892 1,175 654 2,722

Fee 264 307 195 766
------ ------ ------ ------
>> Total 4,033 4,686 2,986 11,705

--------------------------------------------- ---------------


10. On the INL/POL side, the Political Section estimates a
need for FY'09 funding of $1.0 million from INL. This figure
is based on the aforementioned $244,400 spent this year to
support about four months of recent training, plus the
projected expansion in the number of students going forward.
Funds of this amount are already at post, as described above,
but they must be "unlocked" or re-obligated by INL to be
applied to WJEI training. The Political Counselor is
meanwhile working to find economies by seeking a meeting with
the SAG's new Minister of Safety and Security, Mr. Nathi
Mthethwa, to negotiate the shifting of a greater share of the
costs to the South African partners. Post requests
Department guidance on establishing a sustainable funding
stream for INL-sponsored WJEI activities.


--------------------------------------------- ---------------
VII. HOST NATION CONTACTS
--------------------------------------------- ---------------

11. As requested, key contacts at partner agencies are
listed below.


USAID Implementing Contractor
-----------------------------

- Peter Vaz

Chief of Party, RTI International

27-12-346-4060


National Prosecuting Authority (NPA)
------------------------------------

- Advocate Thoko Majokweni

Director, National Prosecutor Authority/Sexual Offences and
Community Affairs

27-12-845-6136


South African Police Service (SAPS)
-----------------------------------

- Raymin Lalla

Divisional Commissioner, Detective Services Division

27-12-393-2194


- Gary Kruser


PRETORIA 00002395 005 OF 005


Commissioner, Training Division

27-12-334-3747


- Vineshkumar Moonoo

Asst. Divisional Commissioner, General Investigations

27-12-393-1826


- Susan Pienaar

Asst. Commissioner, Violence and Crime Prevention Division

27-12-421-8007


- Mulder Van Eyk

Asst. Commissioner, Training Division

27-12-334-3750
LA LIME

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