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Cablegate: Goma Notes - November 14

VZCZCXRO1000
OO RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHKI #1007 3191058
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 141058Z NOV 08
FM AMEMBASSY KINSHASA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 8773
INFO RUEHXR/RWANDA COLLECTIVE
RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AF DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLECTIVE
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHDC
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RUZEJAA/JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK

UNCLAS KINSHASA 001007

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL MOPS PHUM PREF KPKO CG
SUBJECT: GOMA NOTES - NOVEMBER 14

REFS: (A) Kinshasa 980; (B) Kinshasa 984

1. (U) The items contained in this report consist principally of
spot information from various sources. This report is not
exhaustive, nor can all the information contained therein be
confirmed at this time.

Security Situation in Goma and Surrounding Area
--------------------------------------------- --

2. (SBU) According to information provided at a MONUC briefing in
Kinshasa on November 13, there have been no major cease-fire
violations in the past week. MONUC continues to hold Sake and the
Sake-Goma road, a vital crossroads that the CNDP has tried to take.
Rutshuru is, however, in CNDP hands.

3. (SBU) Additionally, the CNDP's recent military action
consolidated its territory in North Kivu so that there is one vast
contiguous CNDP-controlled zone. The CNDP was previously split
between an eastern presence on the border with Rwanda and a western
presence to the north of Sake. According to MONC officers, the
recent CNDP consolidation will mke it much easier to supply the
western forces fom Rwanda, since they will no longer need to pass
through MONUC territory.

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MONUC Actions in the Est
-------------------------

4. (SBU) MONUC eported that it has trained almost 10,000 FARDC
oldiers as of the present time. Of the eleven unis trained, nine
held their positions during recent engagements. Additionally, MONUC
believes thatthe continued training of the FARDC is absolutely
necessary, even though they recognize that some o these soldiers
may commit atrocities. MONUC isencouraged that Prime Minister
Muzito condemnatios of FARDC human rights violations have been
"scthing."

Humanitarian
------------

5. (SBU In a separate meeting with Poloff and Goma Poloffon
November 13, UNHRO officials said that they wuld investigate the
recent civilian killings in Kwanja (reftels) as possible war
crimes. MONUC frces were in the area during the killings on
Novmber 4-5, but were pinned down protecting approximtely 5,000
civilians who sought cover with MONUC

Suspension of situation reports
------------------------------

6. (U) Beginning Monday, Novmber 17 Embassy Kinshasa will no
longer issue twce-daily "situation reports." Instead, we will
issue daily Goma reports that, as was done previously, cover all
aspects of activities in Goma.

BROCK

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