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Cablegate: Demarche: Enhancing Efforts to Combat Piracy

R 020646Z DEC 08
FM AMEMBASSY SANAA
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 0711
INFO AMEMBASSY CAIRO
AMEMBASSY DJIBOUTI
AMEMBASSY MUSCAT
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI
AMEMBASSY RIYADH
COMUSNAVCENT
NAVCENT INTEL MANAMA BA

UNCLAS SANAA 001924


FOR PM/PPA:DGLANCY, PM/ISO:JFREDERICK, AND
NEA/ARP:AMACDONALD

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: MOPS PBTS PHSA PTER YM
SUBJECT: DEMARCHE: ENHANCING EFFORTS TO COMBAT PIRACY

REF: STATE 125514

1. Post maintains an ongoing discussion with the ROYG on
deepening cooperation with the international community to
fight Somali piracy. During our discussions, emboffs have
raised all of the points outlined in para 4 of reftel. Yemeni
military sources assert that, to be effective, the
international community should concentrate on taking a
"supporting nations" approach that includes support for and
information sharing with nations in the region including
Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Djibouti, Oman, Yemen, Puntland and
Somaliland. Embassy contacts in general consider regional
meetings like the November 20 conference held in Cairo to be
the best fora for addressing the issue.

2. Yemen is willing to contribute (in fact is already
contributing) to the vehicle boarding search and seizure
(VBSS) capability of the Yemeni Coast Guard (YCG) to the
effort. The YCG is trained but its contribution is limited
primarily by its lack of deep-water capability. (Note:
Post's Office of Military Cooperation hopes to provide the
YCG with protector class patrol boats in FY 11 that will
address this lack. End Note.) This means that it can most
effectively support the detention of captured pirates by
receiving those turned over by international forces. The
ROYG is willing to try pirates in Yemeni courts, a fact that
was recently reasserted by President Saleh to CENTCOM
Commander General David Petraeus (septel).

3. Civilian and military sources both note that the
international community can best improve its response to
Somali piracy by focusing on its root cause -- the unsettled
situation in Somalia. Somali piracy, they believe, will
never be defeated as long as Somalia remains a failed state
without a functioning economy. Pirates represent a
badly-needed source of income and the monies they extort have
a positive trickle-down effect among Somalis, who use such
funds to purchase goods and services in Somalia.


SECHE

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