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Cablegate: U.S.-Brazil Cooperation in Mozambique

VZCZCXRO4803
RR RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHTO #0966/01 2430908
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 310908Z AUG 09
FM AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 0647
INFO RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY
RUEHBR/AMEMBASSY BRASILIA 0159
RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON 0465
RUEAUSA/DEPT OF HHS WASHDC
RUEHPH/CDC ATLANTA GA
RUEHRC/DEPT OF AGRICULTURE WASHDC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHDC
RUEHLMC/MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORP WASHINGTON DC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 MAPUTO 000966

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL KHIV EAGR ETRD ECON SOCI KPKO SMIL
KDEM, ENRG, EINV, MZ, BZ
SUBJECT: U.S.-BRAZIL COOPERATION IN MOZAMBIQUE

REF: STATE 43311

MAPUTO 00000966 001.2 OF 002


1. (SBU) Summary: Mozambique's considerable assistance needs
offer an array of opportunities for joint U.S.)Brazil
cooperation. While the health sector continues to be the
most promising, additional collaboration is now proposed in
food security and agriculture, and is also possible in
energy, democracy and governance, as well as peacekeeping
operations (PKO) and security. Providing further impetus for
such efforts are the recent visit of Mozambican president
Armando Guebuza to Brazil and a strong willingness by the
Brazilian Ambassador to Mozambique to work with USG agencies.
End Summary.

------
Health
------

2. (SBU) The Brazilian Agency for Cooperation and the
Ministry of Health have developed, in concert with a recent
Mozambican-USG HIV/AIDS delegation, a proposal for technical
cooperation to strengthen the Mozambican fight against
HIV/AIDS. This proposal supports national HIV/AIDS programs
in areas such as: commodity management and logistics,
monitoring and evaluation, civil society empowerment, and
social communication.

3. (SBU) Current U.S.)Brazil assistance for the Mozambican
health sector includes laboratory and blood bank support and
mid-level human resources training. The Brazilians also
collaborate on improving the quality and number of local
health care workers. Collaboration between the CDC-Global
AIDS Program (GAP) and Brazil began in 2001. In FY 2008 and
FY 2009, these activities were expanded to laboratory
improvement, as well as to monitoring and evaluation. The CDC
has collaborated with the Federal University of Rio de
Janeiro on a very successful mentoring program that brings
Brazilian laboratory experts to provide extended technical
assistance (6-9 months) to rural sites in Mozambique. In
partnership with CDC Atlanta, CDC Mozambique has partnered
with the Brazilian Ministry of Health to establish a Field
Epidemiology and Lab Training Program (FELTP). Further, CDC
Mozambique is partnering with the Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz
(FIOCRUZ) on a number of projects, including a behavioral
surveillance study of most-at-risk populations.

4. (SBU) USAID plans to launch a major civil society project
involving institutional strengthening and capacity building
for Mozambican NGOs through partnerships with Brazilian civil
society organizations (CSOs) and networks. In coordination
with USAID/Brazil, USAID/Mozambique will identify high
profile CSOs and CSO networks to design a long-term
collaboration strategy with Mozambican organizations through
the Rede Mocambicana de Organizacoes contra a SIDA (MONASO)
and the Network of International Organizations (NAIMA).
Activities will include capacity building in the areas of
strategic planning, project design, implementation,
monitoring and evaluation, financial management,
administration and fund-raising.

5. (SBU) The Embassy's health outreach efforts have extended
beyond working with the GoB to embrace the Brazilian private
sector, as well. A good example of public-private trilateral
cooperation is a TV soap opera dealing with health issues
that was proposed by STV, a local television station, and
executed by a Brazilian production team, Cinevideo, using
PEPFAR funds from the Embassy's Political/Economic section.

----------------------------------
Food Security, Agriculture, Energy
----------------------------------

6. (SBU) The GoB and USG are close to establishing
collaborative support activities in agricultural research,
technical assistance, and capacity strengthening with the
National Agricultural Research Institute (IIAMS). Also
proposed is assistance in agricultural technology transfer
and pilot applications in selected crops that can contribute
most to Mozambique's food security and economy. The
execution of the project for ABC will be carried out by the
Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa).


MAPUTO 00000966 002.2 OF 002


7. (SBU) U.S. and Brazilian research expertise might also be
useful in areas such as: biotechnology to improve agriculture
productivity in staple and cash crops, integrated pest
management, alternative energy irrigation systems, low
tillage and soil conservation, post harvest grain handling
and shelf life protection, small scale livestock management,
integrated fish pond and crop production. Combating coconut
yellowing disease (an activity supported by MCC in
Mozambique) may offer another possible avenue for
collaboration. Given that the USG and GoB have a biofuels
agreement, and that the GoB and GRM do as well, there may be
a way to 'triangulate' these agreements so that the USG and
GoB can work together in Mozambique in second generation
biofuel technology development. Mozambique has several
existing--and several potential--biofuel projects, ranging
from ethanol to jatropha.

------------------------
Democracy and Governance
------------------------

8. (SBU) Embassy Maputo has been approached by the Brazilian
Ambassador to consider funding a capacity-building program
for technical assistance in the area of public
administration, with a key theme being decentralization of
the government. The Brazilians implemented a similar program
in the 1990s with Swedish funding.

-------------------------
Peacekeeping and Security
-------------------------

9. (SBU) The Brazilian ambassador has suggested the
possibility of Mozambican soldiers participating jointly with
Brazil in Haiti as a step toward encouraging the GRM's full
participation in PKO on the African continent. The GoB has
indicated that it wants to help the GRM train for PKO, most
recently in public statements by the Brazilian Minister of
Defense in Maputo in early June. Mozambican soldiers have
participated in training in Brazil in the past. Brazil could
also be an excellent partner to help Mozambique control its
maritime domain. There is some precedent: in FY 2008 there
was a DoD-supported small boat maintenance event in Florida
for Brazilian forces that Mozambican sailors attended. In
September 2008 a DoD mobile team visited Maputo and trained
Mozambican sailors further; the Brazilian DATT attended.

--------------------------------------------- -------
COMMENT: Time is Now to Explore Areas of Cooperation
--------------------------------------------- -------

10. (SBU) The July 19 visit of Mozambican president Armando
Guebuza to Brazil to sign several bilateral economic and
health agreements provides an ideal environment to build on
existing USG-Brazil and USG-Mozambique cooperation. In
addition, the personal commitment of the Brazilian ambassador
to work with the U.S. mission means that we have an
opportunity to set in motion a wide array of initiatives. We
would like to work with Embassy Brasilia and Washington
towards developing a framework to guide and formalize our
cooperation with Brazil in Mozambique.
CHAPMAN

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