Search

 

Cablegate: Update On Uzbekistan's Contributions to Afghan

VZCZCXRO3306
RR RUEHDBU RUEHIK RUEHPOD RUEHPW RUEHSL RUEHYG
DE RUEHNT #1483 2541109
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 111108Z SEP 09
FM AMEMBASSY TASHKENT
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 1312
INFO AFGHANISTAN COLLECTIVE
NATO EU COLLECTIVE
RHEHAAA/NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RHMFIUU/CDR USTRANSCOM SCOTT AFB IL

UNCLAS TASHKENT 001483

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL NATO ELTN AF UZ
SUBJECT: UPDATE ON UZBEKISTAN'S CONTRIBUTIONS TO AFGHAN
RECONSTRUCTION

1. (U) Summary: Following recent discussions on the
subject, the MFA of Uzbekistan provided the Embassy with an update
on their involvement in the socio-economic reconstruction of
Afghanistan. The contributions of the GOU have been primarily in
the area of restoring and rebuilding infrastructure, including
cooperation on the development of the International Trans-Afghan
Transportation Corridor and facilitation of the shipment of goods
through the Hairaton Customs Facility on the Uzbek-Afghan border.
The export of electricity from Uzbekistan to Afghanistan has grown
steadily over the last three years, with plans to continue
increasing the volume of electricity supplied. Finally, a fiber
optic communications network connecting Afghanistan and Uzbekistan
has been partially completed. End Summary.

INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT: TRANSPORTATION AND TRANSIT

--------------------------------------------- ----------------------
-----------------

2. (U) In 2003, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and Iran signed a
Trilateral Agreement on the creation of the International
Trans-Afghan Transportation Corridor (ITTC). The charter of the
Interstate Coordination Council (ICC) on the creation of the ITTC
was approved in 2005. To date, Uzbekistan has built eleven bridges
in the region between Mazar-e-Sharif and Kabul.

3. (U) Since the Hairaton Customs Facility in Termez,
Uzbekistan, opened in November 2003, more than 6 million tons of
humanitarian and other goods have entered Afghanistan through it.
The GOU believes that it is providing a valuable service to the
international community as a whole by facilitating transshipment of
goods to Afghanistan.

ENERGY

-----------

4. (U) Uzbekistan resumed its export of electricity to
Afghanistan in 2002. In the past few years, the volume of
electricity that Uzbekistan has supplied to Afghanistan has
increased steadily: exports were up from 20 Megawatts (MW) in 2007
to 24 MW in 2008 and are estimated to reach 150 MW by the end of
2009. A new power line and a new electricity substation unit were
put into operation in 2009 in order to increase Uzbekistan's
capacity to send power to Kabul. The GOU expects to export 300MW
of energy to Afghanistan in 2010.

COMMUNICATIONS

---------------------------

5. (U) The GOU and the IRoA began to cooperate in the area
of fiber optic communications in 2008, with the goal of connecting
Afghanistan to Uzbekistan's fiber-optic communication system.
Cable installation for this project has already been completed
within Uzbekistan; on the Afghan side of the border, nine out of a
total of 32 planned communication hubs have already been installed.


COMMENT

----------------

6. (SBU) Comment: Uzbekistan's important, albeit modest
contributions to Afghan reconstruction and development are
indicators of the caution with which the GOU's leadership
approaches the Afghan situation generally. Our challenge is to
slowly push the envelope of this engagement and give the Uzbeks a
greater stake in helping their Southern neighbor.
NORLAND

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
World Headlines

 



UN: Horn Of Africa Faces Most ‘Catastrophic’ Food Insecurity In Decades, Warns WHO

The World Health Organization (WHO) warned on Tuesday that the Greater Horn of Africa is experiencing one of the worst famines of the last 70 years... More>>

FAO: Warns 90 Per Cent Of Earth’s Topsoil At Risk By 2050
A full 90 per cent of the Earth’s precious topsoil is likely to be at risk by 2050, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, FAO...
More>>


UNHCR: Alarmed By Growing Death Toll Among Displaced In Eastern DR Congo
UN human rights experts* today urged the As conflict grows in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the rising death toll and suffering of displaced civilians through brutal attacks... More>>



UN: American West Faces Water And Power Shortages Due To Climate Crisis
Two of the largest reservoirs in the United States are at dangerously low levels due to the climate crisis and overconsumption of water, which could affect water and electricity supply for millions in six western states and Mexico, the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) warned on Tuesday... More>>



Singapore: UN Experts Call For Immediate Moratorium On Executions For Drug Offences

UN experts* today condemned the execution of Nazeri Bin Lajim, a 64-year-old Malay Singaporean national convicted of drug offenses and urged the Government of Singapore to halt plans to execute individuals on death row for drug related charges... More>>


Myanmar: Bachelet Condemns Executions, Calls For Release Of All Political Prisoners

UN human rights chief Michelle Bachelet today condemned in the strongest terms the execution of four democracy activists by Myanmar’s military despite repeated calls... More>>