Cablegate: Japanese Morning Press Highlights 09/04/09
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E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: OIIP KMDR KPAO PGOV PINR ECON ELAB JA
SUBJECT: JAPANESE MORNING PRESS HIGHLIGHTS 09/04/09
1) Top headlines
Prime Minister's daily schedule (will be in today's Daily Summary)
Defense & Security
3) Senior U.S. official no to review of Futenma agreement (Asahi)
4) Coalition to continue MSDF refueling mission in Indian Ocean for
the time being; SDP takes softer line (Yomiuri)
5) Special Representative for North Korea Policy Bosworth seeks to
realize denuclearization of Korean Peninsula through talks; begins
round of visits to Japan, China, and Korea (Yomiuri)
6) Obama to Hatoyama: prepared to consult with Japan for several
months in order to further bilateral relationship (Yomiuri)
7) DPJ Vice President of Seiji Maehara: discontinuation of MSDF
refueling mission would have little impact (Nikkei)
8) Hatoyama to meet individually with U.S., Chinese, Korean, and
Russian leaders in late Sept. (Nikkei)
9) Hatoyama meets with U.S. and Russian ambassadors; diplomatic
activity well underway; diplomacy gradually assuming "Hatoyama
10) SDP makes additional foreign and labor policy proposals to DJP;
three parties to resume consultations on the 8th (Tokyo Shimbun)
11) Gist of teleconference between Obama and Hatoyama (Sankei)
12) Hatoyama begins diplomatic activity; "victory thanks to
President Obama" (Asahi)
13) U.S. Ambassador pays courtesy call on Hatoyama (Yomiuri)
14) Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry asks DJP "to clarify
stance on global economy" (Nikkei)
15) Natsuo Yamaguchi tapped next New Komeito Party chief (Mainichi)
16) Ozawa picked as next DPJ secretary general; Kan and Okada to
fill cabinet posts (Asahi)
1) TOP HEADLINES
Ozawa to become DPJ secretary general; Kan, Okada certain to join
Mainichi , Sankei, and Tokyo Shimbun:
Ozawa to become DPJ secretary general; Okada tapped for key
Ozawa to be named DPJ secretary general; Okada, Kan to take up key
Mitsui-Sumitomo, Daiwa dissolve merger; Corporate securities firm
Daiwa SMBC to become 100 PERCENT -owned Daiwa subsidiary
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116 civilians sent to battlefield; Forced to provide technical
cooperation to SDF supporting U.S. forces
(1) To the new Hatoyama administration: Adopt responsible fiscal
policy for future generations
(1) Expectations on the new administration: Basic principle is to
implement manifesto; Pledge to the people important
(1) Hatoyama's diplomacy with U.S.: Words and actions toward
building trust put to test
(2) WTO talks: Start anew to aim for agreement
(1) Mistake in airport, aviation policy as shown by Kansai Airport's
(2) What is asked of the Consumer Affairs Agency
(1) Japan-U.S. phone conversation: Prove through actions that
"alliance is cornerstone"
(2) Tokyo's bid to host the Olympics: Prime minister's turn to work
for revival of dream
(1) Japan-U.S. relations: Take this as golden opportunity to build
(2) Nuclear reactor troubles: Too many "unexpected accidents"
(1) New influenza: Prepare for the peak of the epidemic
3) Senior U.S. officials say that U.S. will not review Futenma
agreement in connection with DPJ public pledge
ASAHI (Page 1) (Full)
Evening, September 3, 2009
Yusuke Murayama in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii; Hiroshi Ito in Washington
U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Affairs
Wallace Gregson gave on Sept. 2 an interview to the Asahi Shimbun in
Hawaii, where he was visiting. Touching on the fact that the
Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) pledged in the recent general
election a review of the Futenma Air Station relocation plan,
Gregson made it clear that the United States has no intention of
reviewing it. He said, "We are extremely satisfied with the current
agreement on the airfield relocation plan."
Gregson has become the first senior U.S. Defense Department official
to clarify the U.S. government's stance regarding a review of the
relocation plan since the DPJ achieved a landslide victory in the
general election. Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and
Pacific Affairs Kurt Campbell and Office of Japanese Affairs
Director Kevin Maher, too, gave speeches in Washington, D.C., on the
same day in which they also expressed the view that the United
States will advance the present relocation plan. The announcements
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not to review the relocation plan by both State and Defense
department officials playing central roles in the U.S.'s Japan
policy have now made it difficult for the DPJ to deliver on its
Gregson announced a plan to look for ways to work closely with the
soon-to-be-launched DPJ administration, saying, "We are looking
forward to working with the (new) Japanese government." He also
clearly indicated that the agreements reached in the past between
the Japanese and U.S. governments, including one on the (Futenma)
relocation plan, will not be affected by the shift of power (in
Japan), saying, "We think the agreements have been reached with the
Meanwhile, Campbell said in his speech, "The Okinawa issue is a
long-standing issue. We have pressed forward, and we want to
continue to do so." Also, touching on the fact that State Department
Spokesman Ian Kelly said to the press on Aug. 31 that the U.S.
government will not renegotiate with the Japanese government,
Campbell said, "I, too, support his statement."
Maher, too, emphasized in his speech that the United States has no
intention of altering the current plan, saying, "We have agreed on
the present plan with the Japanese government, not with the LDP
administration. This is an agreement between the two states. We will
continue discussions with the DPJ administration as well--that is,
we will discuss how to implement the current plan. This plan will
help dramatically reduce the burden on Okinawa and maintain the U.S.
Referring to the DPJ's Asia-oriented foreign policy, Campbell said,
"We hope Japan will display stronger leadership among Asian
countries, and we will support that. We believe that such a process
will lead the DPJ to become fully aware of the importance of the
4) SDP softens on MSDF refueling mission
YOMIURI (Page 1) (Abridged)
September 4, 2009
The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) consulted yesterday evening with
the Social Democratic Party (SDP) and the People's New Party (PNP)
to form a tripartite coalition government. In the consultative
meeting, the three parties agreed to incorporate a package of job
security measures in their written agreement as urgent tasks. The
SDP has altered its stance of seeking the immediate withdrawal of
the Maritime Self-Defense Force from its refueling mission in the
Indian Ocean. During the talks, the SDP indicated that it would
consider the DPJ's stance of allowing the MSDF refueling mission to
continue through January next year. This SDP concession is a step
forward for an agreement on a coalition. However, the three parties
have yet to finalize their coordination and are expected to reach a
full-fledged agreement on Sept. 8 or later.
The talks were attended by DPJ Policy Research Committee Chairman
Masayuki Naoshima, SDP policy chief Tomoko Abe, and PNP policy chief
Shozaburo Jimi. Prior to the talks, the DPJ worked out a second
draft agreement. In the preceding day's talks, the SDP insisted that
a policy consensus agreement for forming a coalition should
incorporate the settlement of issues relating to U.S. military bases
in Japan. The draft agreement therefore added a statement saying
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their coalition government will seek to build a "future-oriented
relationship" by promoting cooperation between Japan and the United
States, and will try to settle issues between the two countries.
5) U.S. Special Representative Bosworth starts tour of Japan, China,
ROK for consultations on denuclearization of Korean Peninsula
YOMIURI (Page 7) (Excerpts)
September 4, 2009
Keiichi Honma, Washington
Stephen Bosworth, the U.S. government special representative (for
policy on North Korea) arrived in Beijing yesterday. He has begun
his three-nation trip to China, the Republic of Korea, and Japan.
The major purpose of his East Asian tour, his first trip to the
region in about three months, is to uphold the stance of placing
importance on the framework of the Six-Party Talks and continuing
the sanctions against North Korea despite Pyongyang's recent
conciliatory moves. Meanwhile, the U.S. envoy will likely discuss
behind closed doors with the three countries' officials concrete
measures "for a comprehensive solution" in expectation of the
North's return to the multinational talks. He will make clear the
determination to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula by using a
dialogue and pressure approach.
Bosworth will be in Beijing on Sept. 3-4, Seoul on Sept. 4-6, and
Tokyo on Sept.6-8. He will hold talks with the three countries'
officials in charge of policy on North Korea. U.S. Special Envoy
Sung Kim, who is accompanying Bosworth, will hold talks in Seoul
with a high-level Russian government official.
6) Obama: "Several months" to stabilize ties with Japan
YOMIURI (Top play) (Abridged)
Eve., September 3, 2009
Satoshi Ogawa, Washington
In a telephone conversation between Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ)
President Hatoyama and U.S. President Obama early on Sept. 3 (Japan
time), Obama called on the DPJ to take action after coming into
office so Japan and the United States can continue stable relations,
sources on Japan-U.S. relations revealed. Obama was quoted as
telling Hatoyama: "The United States is ready to hold talks with
Japan over the next several weeks to several months in order to move
bilateral relations forward."
In its campaign for the recent House of Representatives election,
the DPJ advocated building a "close, equal relationship" between
Japan and the United States. In addition, the DPJ proposed policy
revisions that could affect the bilateral alliance through such
steps as reexamining the realignment of U.S. forces in Japan as well
as the Japan-U.S. Status of Forces Agreement.
Obama is scheduled to visit Japan in mid-November for the first
time. The U.S. government positions Obama's first visit to Japan as
"an event that must not fail." By indicating a timeframe to the DPJ,
the Obama administration seemed to be implying that it would ask to
the DPJ to respond in a pragmatic manner.
7) DPJ's Maehara: Withdrawal of refueling mission unlikely to have
TOKYO 00002044 005.2 OF 010
significant impact (on Japan-U.S. relations)
NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
September 4, 2009
Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) Vice President Seiji Maehara, on an
NHK program yesterday, took the view that a withdrawal of the
Maritime Self-Defense Force's mission in the Indian Ocean, the term
of which will expire next January, will unlikely have a significant
impact on the Japan-U.S. relationship. He categorically said: "Since
we have talked about the issue with the United States, I think they
understand that the refueling operations will be discontinued if a
DPJ administration is launched." However, he added: "We will not
simply end it," suggesting that the DPJ will consider measures to
support Afghanistan to replace the refueling mission.
8) DPJ President Hatoyama to meet separately with U.S., Chinese,
South Korean and Russian leaders during his late-September U.S.
NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
September 4, 2009
Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) President Yukio Hatoyama on
September 3 started making adjustments toward holding separate talks
with U.S. President Barack Obama, Chinese President Hu Jintao, South
Korean President Lee Myung Bak and Russian President Dmitriy
Medvedev, when he visits the U.S. in late September to deliver a
speech at the UN General Assembly. These will be his first meetings
with the leaders of those countries after his nomination for prime
minister in the special Diet session to be convened on the 16th.
Hatoyama will likely launch his cabinet after the nomination for
prime minister on the 16th and leave for the U.S. possibly on the
21st. He is expected to attend a series of meetings, including the
UN climate change summit, the UN General Assembly, where he will
deliver a speech, and the UN Security Council (UNSC) summit on
nonproliferation and nuclear disarmament. He will also participate
in the G-20 in Pittsburgh, starting on the evening of the 24th.
These meetings will be attended by the leaders of various countries,
including President Obama. Hatoyama has decided that it will be
necessary to meet with leaders of various countries at an early
date, taking advantage of various international meetings to be held
right after he assumes the post of prime minister. Vice Foreign
Minister Mitoji Yabunaka explained on the 3rd the diplomatic
schedules for September and beyond at a meeting with DPJ Secretary
General Katsuya Okada held at the party headquarters. Hatoyama
intends to seek understanding from leaders of various countries
regarding the DPJ's foreign affairs policy at his meetings with
them. However, chances are that since these meetings will be his
first meetings with the leaders, all the meetings will be brief. It
is unlikely that there will be any in-depth discussions on such
pending issues as the US Forces Japan realignment, involving the
U.S. and the Northern Territories issue, involving Russia.
9) Hatoyama-style diplomatic activities gradually getting into full
NIKKEI (Page 2) (Almost full)
September 4, 2009
TOKYO 00002044 006.2 OF 010
On September 3 Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) President Hatoyama
pursued full-scale diplomatic activities with an eye on the
inauguration of his administration. He met with U.S. Ambassador to
Japan Roos and Russian Ambassador to Japan Bely at the party
headquarters. He also held telephone conversations with British
Prime Minister Brown, Spanish Prime Minister Zapatero, and UN
Secretary General Ban Ki-moon. He employed his own diplomatic style
in those talks, as can been seen by the fact that no Foreign
Ministry official was in attendance.
Hatoyama stressed his stance of attaching importance to the U.S.
during his meeting with Roos, as he did during the telephone
conversation with Obama. He said, "The Japan-U.S. alliance is the
cornerstone of world peace. I learned how to love my own country
when I was studying in the U.S., which made me decide to aim to
become a politician." Roos responded, "The U.S. President is looking
forward to working with the new prime minister."
About an hour after meeting with Roos, Hatoyama met with Bely. A
person related to the government questioned his meeting the
ambassadors of two major countries in the space of less than an
hour. "That is not normally done," he commented. An aide to Hatoyama
explained, "We have arranged the schedule in a natural way. It turns
out that this schedule happened to show the importance Mr. Hatoyama
attaches to improving Japan-Russian relations."
An interpreter prepared by the DPJ was present at the telephone
conversation with Obama and during other meetings. There have been
few occasions in which Foreign Ministry officials were present at
diplomatic activities by opposition party leaders. With the transfer
of administration close at hand, a senior Foreign Ministry official
said, "We wanted to have an official present at those meetings, if
possible." However, a source connected with the DPJ revealed that
the party had determined that if right after its victory in the
Lower House election a government official attends Hatoyama's talks
with foreign leaders the party's policy of realizing politician-led
government would be brought into question.
10) SDP presents additional proposals regarding foreign policy and
TOKYO SHIMBUN (Page 1) (Excerpts)
September 4, 2009
The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), Social Democratic Party (SDP),
and People's New Party (PNP) held their second round of talks last
night for launching a coalition government. The day before, on Sept.
2, the three parties reached an agreement on policies in outline. In
yesterday's session, the SDP presented a set of additional proposals
regarding foreign and security policies. The DPJ representative said
that he will inform his party of the proposals. The three parties
will meet again on Sept. 8.
The SDP is calling for establishment of a tripartite policy
coordination body and freezing a plan to reduce the number of Lower
House proportional representation seats. The three parties confirmed
yesterday that they will discuss these issues at the secretary
general level. They also agreed to implement emergency employment
In reaction to the foreign and security policies presented by the
DPJ on Sept. 2, the SDP proposed the following: (1) adding the
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phrase that Japan will "quickly withdraw" the Maritime Self-Defense
Force from the refueling mission in the Indian Ocean, and specifying
additional support measures for Afghanistan; (2) specifying that the
Japan Coast Guard will be the main force in combating piracy off
Somalia; and (3) inclusion of a revision of the Japan-U.S. Status of
11) Gist of the telephone conversation between Hatoyama and Obama
SANKEI (Page 5) (Full)
September 4, 2009
The following is the gist of remarks made by Democratic Party of
Japan (DPJ) President Yukio Hatoyama to the press corps about his
telephone conversation with U.S. President Barack Obama before dawn
on Sept. 3:
-- What did you discuss with the President?
Hatoyama: The two democratic parties won on both sides of the ocean,
and he congratulated me. I told him that the DPJ was able to achieve
victory thanks to President Obama. Japan has seen its first major
change of political party in power though the democratic process.
Making changes requires courage, and it is the American people and
President Obama who gave that courage to the Japanese people. That's
what I told him.
(I told him) that we, too, think the Japan-U.S. alliance is the
cornerstone (of Japanese security) and that we want to build
constructive, future-oriented Japan-U.S. relations.
-- There was a critical reaction to your op-ed that appeared in a
U.S. newspaper. Did you explain your view of that reaction?
Hatoyama: The other side (Obama) did not bring up the subject.
-- Did you talk about the refueling mission in the Indian Ocean?
Hatoyama: I want to discuss that thoroughly when the two of us meet.
Of course, we have our own basic stance, but there are some parts
(of the mission) that should be comprehensively reviewed.
-- Did you discuss a Japan-U.S. summit?
Hatoyama: I sensed he desires to meet me as early as possible. I
told him that I would like to attend the UN (General Assembly) and
to see him then.
-- Did you agree on the maintenance of the Japan-U.S. alliance?
Hatoyama: Of course.
-- Did you talk about the realignment of U.S. forces (in Japan)?
Hatoyama: We didn't.
12) Hatoyama diplomacy set in motion, starts safely; Hatoyama says
"DPJ won thanks to President Obama"
ASAHI (Page 4) (Slightly abridged)
September 4, 2009
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Nao Fujita, Kei Ukai
Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) President Yukio Hatoyama met U.S.
Ambassador John Roos and Russian Ambassador Mikhail Bely at the
party headquarters on September 3, one day after his teleconference
with U.S. President Barack Obama. He also received phone calls from
British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, UN Secretary General Ban Ki
Moon, and Spanish Prime Minister Jose Luis Zapatero to extend their
congratulations. However, the direction of Hatoyama's "yuai
(fraternal)" diplomacy remains vague.
Hatoyama got off to a safe start in his diplomacy with the U.S.
When Obama noted that "the Democratic Party won on both sides of the
ocean," Hatoyama told him, "The DPJ won thanks to President Obama."
The DPJ's manifesto pledges an "equal Japan-U.S. alliance." However,
Hatoyama did not mention this in his telephone conversation with
Obama. The government's official position that "the Japan-U.S.
alliance is the cornerstone" came up instead.
This safe start strongly reflects Hatoyama's desire to "build a
relationship of trust with President Obama first."
However, there is no indication of Hatoyama's determination to take
up pending issues with the U.S., including the U.S. Forces Japan
realignment plans, sooner or later.
In the first place, the concept of "equal Japan-U.S. alliance" and
the policies deriving from this concept were decided under the
leadership of former President Ichiro Ozawa.
It appears that Hatoyama has not sorted out which of the Ozawa
policies he will carry over and which policies he will change.
In an article contributed to a monthly magazine, Hatoyama discussed
"yuai diplomacy" and pointed to a path toward an "East Asian
community." However, the sections criticizing the U.S. were
highlighted by the U.S. media, and he is now scrambling to explain
that he had no intention to set forth anti-U.S. thinking. There is
no denying that he gives the impression of being undecided.
Major items on the diplomatic schedule for 2009 (including those
still being coordinated)
September 6-8 U.S. special envoy for North Korean policy Stephen
Bosworth visits Japan
16 Hatoyama to be elected prime minister
Mid-September? U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Kurt Campbell
22 UN high-level event on climate change (New York)
23 UNSC summit on nuclear non-proliferation, nuclear disarmament
24 Prime Minister Hatoyama's speech to UN General Assembly (New
24-25 G-20 financial summit (Pittsburgh)
Summit meetings with U.S., China, Russia, etc.
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Mid-October U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates visits Japan
17-20 International committee on nuclear non-proliferation, nuclear
disarmament meeting (Hiroshima)
23-25 ASEAN-related summit meetings (Thailand)
November 6-7 Japan-Mekong summit (Tokyo)
14-15 APEC summit (Singapore)
Mid-November U.S. President Obama visits Japan
Late November Afghan peace conference sponsored by supra-partisan
Diet members' group (Tokyo)
December 7-18 15th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework
Convention on Climate Change (COP15; Copenhagen)
13) U.S., Russian Ambassadors make courtesy call on Hatoyama
YOMIURI (Page 2) (Full)
September 4, 2009
Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) President Yukio Hatoyama received
courtesy calls from U.S. Ambassador to Japan John Roos and Russian
Ambassador Mikhail Bely at the party headquarters on September 3.
His meeting with Roos, a fellow alumnus of Stanford University, took
place in an amicable atmosphere. Hatoyama talked about the
importance of the Japan-U.S. relationship, saying, "The Japan-U.S.
relationship is the cornerstone of Japanese diplomacy. We should
promote constructive future-oriented relations." Ambassador Roos
remarked that "the Japan-U.S. relationship is a special
relationship." He called for cooperation on such issues as climate
Meanwhile, Hatoyama emphasized at his meeting with Bely that
"building a relationship of trust between leaders is important for
finding a solution to the territorial issue."
Hatoyama also talked on the phone with UN Secretary General Ban Ki
Moon and British Prime Minister Gordon Brown.
After this series of meetings, Hatoyama told reporters at the DPJ
headquarters: "(The issue of relocating U.S. Marine Corps Air
Station Futenma in Okinawa) will only go well if the Japanese and
U.S. governments and the people of Okinawa come to an agreement. It
will be difficult to find a solution in haste. It is necessary to
conduct a comprehensive review of issues including the Japan-U.S.
Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) and the sympathy budget (omoiyari
yosan; host nation support) while building a relationship of trust
with President Obama," stressing his stance of conducting pragmatic
14) JCCI asked DPJ to clarify its stance on international economy
NIKKEI (Page 5) (Full)
September 4, 2009
Referring to the soon-to-be-launched DPJ-led administration, Japan
Chamber of Commerce and Industry President Tadashi Okamura during a
press conference on September 3 said, "The DPJ's policy manifesto
does not include much on how Japan should acquire economic
competitiveness." He then asked the DPJ to envisage a growth
strategy for not only expanding domestic demand centered on
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assistance for household budgets but also creating foreign demand,
noting, "I would like the DPJ to come up with a clear stance
regarding what economic and diplomatic activities it will pursue
with regard to the international economy."
15) Natsuo Yamaguchi to become New Komeito head
MAINICHI (Page 1) (Full)
September 4, 2009
The New Komeito yesterday entered final coordination to endorse its
policy chief Natsuo Yamaguchi as its chief representative, replacing
the incumbent leader, Akihiro Ota. The party will informally endorse
him on Sept. 7 at a Central Secretary Committee meeting, and it will
formally endorse him at a meeting on Sept. 8 of the national
The New Komeito aims to publicize "a generational change" with an
eye toward the House of Councillors election next summer. Vice
Representative Yoshihisa Inoue and Diet Affairs Committee Chairman
Yoshio Urushibara are being floated as candidates to succeed
Secretary General Kazuo Kitagawa.
Yamaguchi is a 57-year old lawyer-turned politician. He is now
serving in his second term in the Upper House since 2001, after
serving two terms in the House of Representatives.
Since the New Komeito's Lower House seats fell from 31 to 21 in
Sunday's general election, it is now being forced to regain party
16) Ozawa to become DPJ secretary general; Kan, Okada certain to
ASAHI (Top play) (Abridged)
September 4, 2009
It was decided on September 3 that Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ)
Deputy President Ichiro Ozawa will be appointed as the party's
secretary general. President Yukio Hatoyama made the request to
Ozawa at the party headquarters on the evening of September 3, and
he accepted. While there are concerns in the party that Ozawa's
appointment as secretary general may produce a "dual power
structure" between the cabinet and the ruling parties, it was
decided that Ozawa's leadership is indispensable for uniting the
party, which has expanded tremendously after the landslide victory
in the recent general election, in order to win in the House of
Councillors election in summer 2010.
While the basic rule in the DPJ is that senior party officials will
serve concurrently as cabinet ministers, the secretary general will
not join the cabinet. Since Hatoyama is thinking of appointing
Ozawa, Deputy President Naoto Kan, and Secretary General Katsuya
Okada to key positions, it is now certain that Kan and Okada will
join the cabinet. Hatoyama told reporters on the evening of
September 3 that, "I would like (Okada) to take up a key cabinet