Cablegate: Media Reaction: Reaction to Steinberg Cnas Speech, Myanmar,
RR RUEHCN RUEHGH RUEHVC
DE RUEHBJ #2979 2991026
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 261026Z OCT 09
FM AMEMBASSY BEIJING
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 6615
INFO RUEHOO/CHINA POSTS COLLECTIVE
RHMFIUU/CDR USPACOM HONOLULU HI
UNCLAS BEIJING 002979
DEPARTMENT FOR INR/R/MR, EAP/CM, EAP/PA, EAP/PD, C
HQ PACOM FOR PUBLIC DIPLOMACY ADVISOR (J007)
E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL ECON KMDR OPRC CH
SUBJECT: MEDIA REACTION: REACTION TO STEINBERG CNAS SPEECH, MYANMAR,
EAST ASIAN COMMUNITY
1. REACTION TO STEINBERG CNAS SPEECH
"Seizing the opportunity of U.S.-China 'strategic reassurance'"
The official Communist Party international news publication Global
Times (Huanqiu Shibao)(10/26)(pg 14): "U.S. Deputy Secretary of
State James Steinberg recently (September 24 in a speech at the
Center for a New American Security) described the future of
U.S.-China relations in terms of 'strategic reassurance.'
Reassurance means looking for a new foundation for strategic balance
and admitting that the past foundation was not concrete, a problem
for which the U.S. is primarily responsible. The emphasis on
reassurance means that we do not support some of the United States'
traditional views on China. First, the U.S. believes that its
strategic goals are clear while China's are obscure. China is not
opposed to 'strategic transparency' and doubts the U.S.'s logic.
Second, Steinberg's theory does not mention the differences between
the political systems in the U.S. and China. The two countries
cannot build 'reassurance' based on the idea that 'Western democracy
is superior.' Third, in his foreign policy, Obama has promoted
'universal' values. China must avoid such a value system and
instead emphasize its own values. Steinberg's theory indicates that
the U.S. has started seriously considering the long-term prospects
for U.S.-China relations. The upcoming high-level meetings between
the two countries may start substantive strategic dialogue and end
the history of suspicious diplomatic games."
"The United States to compete with China for influence on Myanmar"
Elite Reference (Qingnian Cankao), a newspaper affiliated to the
official Communist Youth League China Youth Daily (10/27) (pg 4):
"The Obama administration's adjustment in its policy towards Myanmar
is meant to consolidate the U.S.'s dominant position in Southeast
Asia and prevent East Asian countries from tilting towards China,
thus containing the rise of China. China has a strong influence on
its neighboring countries, such as Myanmar, North Korea and
Pakistan. The U.S. has recently expanded its contacts with these
countries in an attempt to weaken China's influence. The military
government in Myanmar is also actively seeking to improve relations
with the U.S. in order to maintain its power in the future.
However, the divergence of views between the U.S. and Myanmar over
democratization and human rights has contributed to a very low
degree of trust between the two countries. In addition, there is
still a lot of opposition in the United States and its allies to the
removal of sanctions on Myanmar. Thus, there is still a long way to
go for the improvement of U.S.-Myanmar relations."
3. EAST ASIAN COMMUNITY
"The East Asian Community might be Asia-Pacific-oriented"
Guangdong 21st Century Publishing Company Ltd.'s business newspaper
21st Century Business Herald (21Shiji Jingji Baodao)(10/27)(pg 1):
"As long as the United States respects the sovereignty and
territorial integrity of other countries and changes its Cold War
mentality of 'containment,' a number of major Asian countries are
expected to take a 'moderate' and 'non-insulated' attitude towards
U.S. participation in the East Asian Community. If the East Asian
Community accepts the United States, the organization will likely
become 'Asia-Pacific-oriented.' Independent management without
specific leadership is the most suitable development model for the
East Asian Community, where China, Japan, and South Korea on the one
hand and ASEAN on the other have created a balanced momentum. Asian
foreign exchange reserves now increasing rely on China's rapidly
growing supply capability. Japan's dream of leading an Asian IMF
will continue to be stymied."