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Cablegate: Media Reaction: Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Eu, Economic,

VZCZCXYZ1191
RR RUEHWEB

DE RUEHRL #1251/01 2791154
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 061154Z OCT 09
FM AMEMBASSY BERLIN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 5402
INFO RHEHAAA/WHITE HOUSE WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHINGTON DC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHINGTON DC
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHINGTON DC
RUCNFRG/FRG COLLECTIVE
RUEHBS/AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 1600
RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON 0303
RUEHFR/AMEMBASSY PARIS 0824
RUEHRO/AMEMBASSY ROME 2341
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO 1350
RUEHVEN/USMISSION USOSCE 0533
RHMFIUU/HQ USAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE//J5 DIRECTORATE (MC)//
RHMFISS/CDRUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE
RUKAAKC/UDITDUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE

UNCLAS BERLIN 001251

STATE FOR INR/R/MR, EUR/PAPD, EUR/PPA, EUR/CE, INR/EUC, INR/P,
SECDEF FOR USDP/ISA/DSAA, DIA FOR DC-4A

VIENNA FOR CSBM, CSCE, PAA

"PERISHABLE INFORMATION -- DO NOT SERVICE"

SIPDIS

E.0. 12958: N/A
TAGS: OPRC KMDR KPAO IR PK AF EU US
SUBJECT: MEDIA REACTION: IRAN, PAKISTAN, AFGHANISTAN, EU, ECONOMIC,

U.S., OBAMA-DALAILAMA;BERLIN

1. Lead Stories Summary
2. (Iran) Nuclear Conflict
3. (Pakistan) Islamabad Bomb Attack
4. (Afghanistan) Future Strategy
5. (EU) Future of Lisbon Treaty
6. (Economic) IMF/World Bank Meeting
7. (U.S.) Economic Policy
8. (U.S.) No Obama-Dalai Lama Meeting

1. Lead Stories Summary

Primetime newscasts and most newspapers opened with stories on the
beginning of the coalition talks. Tagesspiegel and Berliner Zeitung

led with President KQhler's speech to mark the 60th anniversary of
the
Federal Trade Union DGB. Editorials focused on the coalition talks

and the 60th anniversary of the DGB.

2. (Iran) Nuclear Conflict

Only two papers (10/06) dealt with the nuclear conflict with Iran.
In
a report under the headline "Double Success," Sueddeutsche Zeitung
wrote: "The visit of IAEA head Mohamed ElBaradei and the nuclear
talks
in Geneva with the UN Security Council members plus Germany are
considered a double success in Tehran. The Iranians feel confirmed
in
their negotiating position through both contacts. At a joint news
conference with the head of the Iranian nuclear energy commission,
Ali
Akbar Salehi, ElBaradei said in Tehran: 'We are now changing gear
from
confrontation to cooperation.' ElBaradei called reports on an
internal paper of the IAEA according to which Tehran would be able
to
build the bomb 'totally unfounded.' [By allowing IAEA inspections
at
the new plant near Ghom] Tehran is accepting an important step of
international nuclear cooperation. It can remain symbolic or turn
into a model for the settlement of the conflict. With this gesture
of
conciliation, the Iranians want to make it easier for Russia and
China
in the UN Security Council to avert further sanctions."

Tagesspiegel (10/06) carried an editorial saying: "For western
diplomacy, it was a good week. A new movement has taken place in
the
nuclear conflict with Iran...and it almost seems to have been
forgotten
that Iran only recently gave up its largest nuclear feint and
reported
the second enrichment plant to the IAEA in Vienna. The
demonstrative
missile tests only happened a week ago, while the oppression of the

opposition, the show trials, and torture of political prisoners in
Iranian prisons continue unabated. For the first time, Iran's
President Ahmadinejad has signaled his willingness for compromise -

perhaps only in general terms or perhaps only for a certain period
of
time.... If we believe in the statements of the always careful
IAEA,
Tehran now has the technical knowledge to build a primitive bomb
with
enriched uranium. At this point, President Ahmadinejad is
presenting
himself as that strongest advocate of Iranian nuclear rights and as

the only effective supplier of political concessions. The message is

as follows: Those who want Iran to make concessions must recognize
him. For the international community a new dilemma must be added to

an old one: when it begins talks with Ahmadinejad, it declares him
the
winner in the inner-Iranian power struggle at the same time."

3. (Pakistan) Islamabad Bomb Attack

Several papers (10/06) carried reports on the attack on the UN World

Food Program in Islamabad. "Several People Killed in Attack On UN
Helpers in Islamabad," headlined Sueddeutsche Zeitung and wrote that

"the UN's World Food Program supplies food to ten million people in

Pakistan. Die Welt headlined: "Five People Killed in Suicide Attack

On UN Office in Pakistan," while Tagesspiegel spoke of an "Attack on

the UN in Pakistan," and reported that "the authors of the attack
are
likely to be Taliban or al-Qaida fighters who have committed such
attacks on international institutions again and again." The
headline
in Handelsblatt is: "Pakistan Fears New Wave of Attacks," and added:

"The most bloody suicide attack since April in Islamabad is
rekindling
fears of a new wave of Islamic attacks in Pakistan. The Taliban
announced that they would take revenge for the killing of their
leader
Baitullah Mehsud who was killed in an attack of a remotely
controlled
missile in August."

In an editorial, Sueddeutsche Zeitung (10/06) judged: "After the
bomb
attack on the offices of the UN Food Program in Islamabad, the UN
has
announced the closure of its offices. No one can blame the UN for
this, for every employer is first of all thinking of the security of

its own people. At the same time, the decision is a disaster for
the
population, and the attackers have thus achieved what they always
wanted. The UN has always been the engine behind the assistance for

the people in the Swat Valley. In addition, it is a disaster that
the
Taliban fighting the United States in Pakistan are now punishing the

United Nations, as if it were to blame for the situation, too. The

offices of foreigners in Islamabad are secured like bulwarks and
those
who kill them gain a propaganda victory. While the Pakistani
government can register a few successes in the fight against the
extremists, they are concentrating their attacks on the soft parts
of
the opponents: not the military but their helpers. This is
effective
but hurts even more."

4. (Afghanistan) Future Strategy

Under the headline "Nothing fits together," Frankfurter Allgemeine
editorialized: "Afghanistan is a priority of President Obama's
foreign
policy. It is therefore all the more remarkable that nothing fits
together in the U.S. policy on Afghanistan. As soon as commander
McChrystal sounds the alarm bell and calls for more soldiers, VP
Biden
spreads to the public the idea of withdrawing soldiers and
intensifying drone attacks on al Qaida pockets in Pakistan. The
deputy head of the UN mission, an American, has a dispute with his
boss over the irregularities during the elections. Security Advisor

Jones, an Afghanistan expert, now opposes McChrystal's view, noting

that everything is less dramatic. Nothing much has happened in
Washington apart from redefining the connected trouble spots of
Afghanistan and Pakistan into Af/Pak. Of course, there is the envoy

for Af/Pak, Richard Holbrooke. What is he actually doing?"

5. (EU) Future of Lisbon Treaty

Frankfurter Allgemeine editorialized: "Polish President Kaczynski
will
take his time to ratify the Lisbon Treaty. After that, the Prague
Castle will be the last pocket of resistance, where Czech President

Klaus is refusing to sign the reform treaty. One against a few
millions-that is to his liking. But will he like the results of his

resistance?"

Sddeutsche saw the EU "In the dungeons of the Prague Castle" as
"President Klaus causes serious damage to the Czech Republic with
his
blockade of the EU." The paper speculated that "Klaus might indeed

hope for the British conservatives to bring down the treaty in a
referendum in 2010. A bold plan that will not work because, after
the
clear vote of the Irish, Klaus is isolated. The pressure is growing

in Europe and particularly in Czech politics. It is inconceivable
that Klaus can continue his delaying tactics for more than half a
year.... It would be more important to send a warning to the
potential
future British Prime Minister Cameron. His immoral offer of
scrapping
the treaty if Klaus only holds out has discredited the British and
shows his loss of reality."

While Berliner Zeitung headlined a report that the "dispute over a
EU
referendum divides the Tories," Handelsblatt opined that "the
European
integration faces increasing trouble from London in the future,"
adding: "The Tories have never agreed more on their euro-skepticism.

They are supported by the people and even pro-Europeans like Kenneth

Clarke understand that there is no way around this strategy. As
anachronistic as it might seem from the Continental point of view,
the
EU will soon have to consider how much it appreciates a constructive

role of the British. Even a British referendum on leaving the EU is

no longer crazy idea."

6. (Economic) IMF/World Bank Meeting

Deutschlandfunk (10/05) commented: "It is true that the G-7 does not

want to dissolve itself, but in the future it will not dance
prominently on the international political global stage. That is
what
the G-7 finance ministers and central bank chiefs announced at their

meeting in Istanbul. This decision is overdue following the global

financial crisis. The G-7 can no longer resolve the problems and
challenges of the global economic crisis on its own. New strong
actors such as China, Brazil, and India have appeared on the
international stage...and the G-20 has turned into the gravitation
center of international politics. The awful question is: What will

come after the crisis? Will the G-20 then be willing and able to
make
decisions? Doubts or at least skepticism is still appropriate.
There
is a reason why the G-7 has not yet been fully be written off.
Those
who think that international politics would become easier in the
future are wrong."

7. (U.S.) Economic Policy

According to Sueddeutsche Zeitung, "Despite all the fuss about the
setback for [Chicago's] application, there was even worse news for
President Obama on Friday. When he tried in vain to convince the
IOC
of the qualities of his home town Chicago, the statistical experts
reported of a record unemployment. Despite the economic stimulus
program amounting to 800 billion dollars the labor market continues
to
drop. And here Obama's real domestic problems begin. The
opposition
will consider rising unemployment to be evidence that his economic
policy has no effect ...even though the opposite is right. This
economic stimulus program has prevented the worst. But the
prevention
of a depression cannot be sold as a political success, as long as
the
voters are suffering from the worst recession in two generations.
Obama must now concentrate again on his role. With his short trip
to
Europe he should not create the impression that the upswing is
safeguarded. The great recession is by no means over. It requires

the president's full concentration, and probably even a second
economic stimulus package."

8. (U.S.) No Obama-Dalai Lama Meeting

Under the headline: "Obama Avoids Meeting with Dalai Lama,"
Handelsblatt (10/06) reported that "the U.S. President does not want

to meet the Dalai Lama." The paper refers to a report in the
Washington Post according to the U.S. President decided not to meet

the Dalai Lama before his visit to China in mid-November in order to

avoid burdening relations with China."

die tageszeitung (10/06) carried a report under the headline:
"Obama's
Policy Towards Tibet: Pussyfooting with Beijing," and wrote: "The
Dalai Lama must let Hu Jintao go first.... Political analysts
assume
that this move hides the fear within the U.S. government that such a

meeting could jeopardize the rapprochement towards China. China not

only owns the greatest share of U.S. bonds...but for the United
States,
Beijing is also an important partner in the nuclear conflict with
Iran
and North Korea. It is the first time since 1991, that the Dalai
Lama
has been refused entry to the White House."

MURPHY

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
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