Search

 

Cablegate: Food Security Stable in Rwanda

VZCZCXRO0336
PP RUEHGI RUEHRN
DE RUEHLGB #0624 2751548
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 021548Z OCT 09
FM AMEMBASSY KIGALI
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 6338
INFO RUEHXR/RWANDA COLLECTIVE
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHINGTON DC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHINGTON DC
RUZEFAA/HQ USAFRICOM STUTTGART GE
RUFOADA/JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK
RUEHLMC/MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORP 0080

UNCLAS KIGALI 000624

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: ECON EAGR EAID PGOV RW
SUBJECT: FOOD SECURITY STABLE IN RWANDA

1. (U) SUMMARY: Rwandan production of staple food crops has
increased 25 percent since 2006 as a result of agricultural
reforms introduced in 2007, including better distribution of
fertilizers and crop intensification programs. Although food
production is stable for 2009, dependency on adequate
rainfall will continue to dictate food security concerns for
the foreseeable future. END SUMMARY.

2. (U) Crops selected for crop intensification programs
including rice, wheat, corn, Irish potatoes and cassava have
shown dramatic gains over the last three years. Wheat
production has increased 233 percent, maize (corn) 168
percent and cassava 268 percent. Between 2008 and 2009 rice
production increased 38 percent, for the first time resulting
in lower prices compared to imported Tanzanian rice.
Speaking to the press on September 24, the Minister of
Agriculture also attributed increased agricultural yields to
improved availability and distribution of fertilizers, and
provision of new seed varieties to farmers.

3. (U) Although gross domestic food production has increased,
production of some crops declined from 2006-2009. Production
of beans, a key source of protein for rural populations,
declined by 17 percent, sweet potatoes declined by 13 percent
and sorghum by 11 percent. Sweet potatoes and sorghum are
staple crops for poor rural families who are chronically food
insecure. Typically these families subsist on farms of less
than one hectare (2.2 acres). Statistics from the Rwanda
Agricultural Development Agency indicate that overall, food
prices have increased by 80 percent from 2006 and 16 percent
relative to 2008, primarily due to increased exports to
neighboring countries.

4. (U) COMMENT: Rwanda remains highly dependent on good
rainfall for its food security. As the country has had good
rains over the last two years, agricultural production has
improved and food security is currently stable. Given
Rwanda's ongoing dependence on rainfall, however, better
irrigation systems, continued improvements in post-harvest
storage facilities, availability of appropriate fertilizers
and expanded extension services will continue to be needed
for longer-term food security. END COMMENT.
CASPER

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
World Headlines

 


UN: Bachelet Alarmed By Number Of Palestinian Children Killed In Latest Escalation

UN Human Rights Chief Michelle Bachelet today expressed alarm at the high number of Palestinians, including children, killed and injured in the occupied Palestinian territory this year, including in intense hostilities between Israel and Palestinian armed groups in Gaza last weekend... More>>

Save The Children: One Year Under Taliban Rule, Girls Are More Isolated, Hungry, Sad: New Report
One year since the Taliban took control of Afghanistan, an economic crisis, crippling drought and new restrictions have shattered girls’ lives, excluding them from society and leaving them hungry...
More>>

Palestinian Ministry of Health: Developments In The Health Situation During The Israeli Aggression On The Cities & Governorates Of The Gaza Strip
For the second day in a row, the Israeli aggression against the Gaza Strip continues by targeting overcrowded residential areas and neighborhoods, as the death toll rose to 13 citizens, including a 5-year-old girl and a 23-year-old woman... More>>


Somalia: ‘We Cannot Wait For Famine To Be Declared; We Must Act Now’
Rising acute food insecurity in Somalia has caused more than 900,000 people to flee their homes in search of humanitarian assistance since January last year, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has warned... More>>

UN: American West Faces Water And Power Shortages Due To Climate Crisis
Two of the largest reservoirs in the United States are at dangerously low levels due to the climate crisis and overconsumption of water, which could affect water and electricity supply for millions in six western states and Mexico, the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) warned on Tuesday... More>>



Singapore: UN Experts Call For Immediate Moratorium On Executions For Drug Offences

UN experts* today condemned the execution of Nazeri Bin Lajim, a 64-year-old Malay Singaporean national convicted of drug offenses and urged the Government of Singapore to halt plans to execute individuals on death row for drug related charges... More>>