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Cablegate: Fraud Summary - Luanda (March 2009 - August 2009)

P 050928Z OCT 09
FM AMEMBASSY LUANDA
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5721
NVC PORTSMOUTH 0040

UNCLAS LUANDA 000617


DEPT FOR CA/FPP
DEPT ALSO PASS TO KCC
POSTS FOR FRAUD PREVENTION MANAGERS
CAIRO PASS TO RCO ROWAN

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: CVIS CPAS CMGT ASEC KFRD AO
SUBJECT: FRAUD SUMMARY - LUANDA (March 2009 - August 2009)

REF: STATE 00074840


1. Per reftel, post submits the following bi-annual fraud report
covering the March 2009 - August 2009 period:

a. COUNTRY CONDITIONS: Angola's decades long civil war ended in
2002, and fighting has ended in all areas of the country. This
includes Cabinda, where the Government signed a peace agreement in
August of 2006 with the Front for the Liberation of Cabinda (FLEC).
Angolan legislative elections, the first elections in sixteen years,
were held on September 5, 2008. Angola is currently experiencing an
oil boom and its economy is growing rapidly. However, in terms of
socio-economic indicators, Angola consistently ranks near the
bottom. The end of the war has meant a reduction in the number of
people seeking visas to escape war conditions and military service;
however, 214(b) considerations remain. It is not uncommon for
bribes to be paid to obtain services, documents or goods. There are
large numbers of undocumented workers from neighboring countries,
particularly Democratic Republic of the Congo, in Angola.

b. NIV FRAUD: Overall fraud among NIV applicants appears to be low,
although there have been some incidences of fraud.

In June 2009, an applicant was refused under 212(A)(6)(C)(I) due to
misrepresentation. The applicant clearly misrepresented his
identity. On a previous application from May 2004, the applicant
used one name and date of birth and on an application from March
2009 the applicant used a different name and date of birth. The
applicant also did not disclose other important factors, such as
having previously obtained visa and visited the United States. This
information was not readily available to the Consular officer due to
the misrepresentation. It was also later discovered that the
subject had been found by the Department of Homeland Security to
have overstayed on a previous visit by more than 365 days,
constituting an ineligibility. The subject, after the interview, in
later correspondence, confirmed the misrepresentation.

c. IV FRAUD: In August 2007, U.S. Embassy Luanda began processing
immigrant visas, which were previously done in Harare. No IV fraud
was detected this period.

d. DV FRAUD: In August 2007, U.S. Embassy Luanda began processing
diversity visas. During the current fiscal year post encountered
fraudulent documents related to only one DV case. A DV applicant
submitted fraudulent high school certificates. Prior to
interviewing subject, the documents were confirmed to be fraudulent
by the Ministry of Education. However, in the interview, the
subject admitted to having only completed education through the
seventh grade.

Thirty percent of our DV cases are from third country nationals.
Post relies on other posts to verify the veracity of the documents
presented by the applicants. So far we have no encountered false
documents from those nationals.

e. ACS AND U.S. PASSPORT FRAUD: Post is investigating a case of
possible identity fraud. In March 2009, an outstanding warrant in
the name of an American citizen appeared on an FBI wanted list for
the commission of a felony. In December 2007 an imposter may have
applied for a US passport in the name of this American citizen. The
case has been referred to CA/PPT/L for passport revocation
consideration and to the FBI for an advisory opinion. Post is
awaiting a response.

f. ADOPTION FRAUD: Post did not process any adoption cases during
this period.

g. USE OF DNA TESTING: Post has not worked on any cases involving
DNA requirements during this reporting period.

h. ASYLUM AND OTHER DHS BENEFIT FRAUD: In its processing of Visas
92/93 cases, post has in the past encountered fraudulent documents
including marriage and birth certificates. However, no fraud was
detected in any Visas 92/93 cases processed during the March 2009 -
August 2009 period. About half of post's Visas 92 cases come from
the Democratic Republic of Congo and other third countries. With
those cases, post contacts the Consular Section in the third country
to verify the authenticity of documents presented by Visas 92/93
applicants.

i. ALIEN SMUGGLING, TRAFFICKING, ORGANIZED CRIME, TERROIST TRAVEL:
Nothing to report at this time.

j. DS CRIMINAL FRAUD INVESTIGATIONS: See ACS and US Passport
Fraud.

k. HOST COUNTRY PASSPORT, IDENTITY DOCUMENTS AND CIVIL REGISTRY:
Nothing to report at this time.

l. COOPERATION WITH HOST GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES: Host country
authorities have been cooperative when asked for assistance to
verify the authenticity of local documents.

m. AREAS OF PARTICULAR CONCERN: At present, there are no areas of
specific concern.

n. STAFFING AND TRAINING: The sole Consular Officer, Falashade
Robinson, serves as the fraud prevention manager, in addition to
other duties in the Consular Section, including performing NIV, IV
and DV interviews and providing ACS services. She received basic
fraud training through the basic ConGen course at FSI in
October/November 2007.

The LES Visa Assistant/LES fraud investigator position was filled in
October 2007. The individual is continuing to build knowledge in
fraud detection.

Post plans to have a Consular Associate on board in fall 2009 whose
efforts would help to better focus on the fraud areas. CA approved
funds for the position in FY09 and a FY10 request will be made.

3. Post welcomes additional fraud training materials and courses
particularly any that might be offered on-line.

HAWKINS

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