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Cablegate: Fm Faki Briefs On Ghazi Visit Results

VZCZCXRO2886
OO RUEHBC RUEHBZ RUEHDE RUEHDH RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHKUK RUEHMA
RUEHMR RUEHPA RUEHRN RUEHROV RUEHTRO
DE RUEHNJ #0446/01 2881727
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 151727Z OCT 09 ZDK
FM AMEMBASSY NDJAMENA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 7308
INFO RUEHZO/AFRICAN UNION COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHEE/ARAB LEAGUE COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUCNFUR/DARFUR COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RHMFISS/HQ USAFRICOM STUTTGART GE PRIORITY
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 NDJAMENA 000446

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

STATE FOR AF, AF/C, S/USSES
NSC FOR GAVIN
LONDON FOR POL - LORD
PARIS FOR POL - BAIN AND KANEDA
ADDIS ABABA ALSO FOR AU

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL MOPS QA SU LY CD
SUBJECT: FM FAKI BRIEFS ON GHAZI VISIT RESULTS

REF: A. KHARTOUM 1146
B. N'DJAMENA 438
C. STATE 106594

NDJAMENA 00000446 001.2 OF 002


-------
SUMMARY
-------

1. (SBU) FM Moussa Faki Mahamat called in DCM October 15
(Ambassador is traveling in Eastern Chad with MINURCAT) to
provide a read-out of the October 10 discussions in N'Djamena
among President Idriss Deby Itno, Sudanese Presidential
Adviser Ghazi Salahhuddin, UN/AU Negotiator Djibrill Bassole,
Faki himself and others (Refs A and B). Faki echoed Ghazi's
own positive description (Ref A) of the potential that the
past weekend's meetings offered for improved Chad-Sudan
bilateral relations, but his description of steps to be taken
in the coming weeks differed somewhat from Ghazi's.
According to Faki, Chad and Sudan had agreed that as the
first in a series of confidence-building measures, the GoS
would find a location well inside the Sudan border to canton
Chadian rebels who refused to return home. Once Chadian
rebels had been rounded up, removed from areas bordering
Chad, and "placed in a camp," the Chadian side would invite a
Sudanese delegation to visit "the former JEM military base"
at Am Jarras in Eastern Chad and/or other locations that the
Sudanese wished to see, to prove that such sites were no
longer militarized. When the Sudanese were satisfied that
the JEM lacked bases from which to attack into Darfur, Faki
would himself travel to Khartoum for meetings that would
focus on additional confidence-building measures such as
border monitoring, as envisioned in the 2006 Joint Protocol,
etc. Faki said he could not predict how long the process
might take, given that the most complex step from a technical
standpoint was the first, to be carried out by Sudan. End
Summary.

----------------------------
CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES
----------------------------

2. SBU FM Faki, who will be traveling internationally
beginning this evening until October 24, told DCM that both
the visiting Ghazi delegation and their Chadian hosts had
approached the October 10 bilateral meetings with the goal of
improving relations and finding ways to reestablish lasting
peace. President Deby had been "frank and direct" with Ghazi
and those who accompanied him, including governors of North
and West Darfur and military and security experts. Deby had
recalled for the Sudanese "the context of current relations"
between Chad and Sudan, which in his description included
Sudanese "disinformation" in the course of the summer about
alleged Chadian attacks on Sudan, as well as continuing
support for Chadian rebels who had made military moves on
Chad as recently as five months previously, and who continued
to threaten the Chadian border. Chadian rebels supported by
Sudan retained as their aim the overthrow of the Chadian
government, Deby had pointed out. Chad, by contrast, had no
aggressive intentions vis-a-vis Sudan, with which it had
maintained good relations until the Darfur crisis.

3. (SBU) According to Faki, Deby had conceded to Ghazi that
"I have been closing my eyes to JEM comings and goings," out
of frustration that the Sudanese regime was trying to divert
attention from the problems it had caused in Darfur by
provoking Chad. Deby had also told Ghazi that "if you can
guarantee that the Chadian rebels are not in a position to
threat Chad, we will let you verify that the JEM is well and
truly gone from Chad." Deby had in mind "a strong initial
signal from Sudan," consisting of a Sudanese effort to canton
all remaining Chadian rebels well inside the Sudanese border.
The location would "have to have wells and other things" so
that the rebels would not continually stray in the direction
of Chad. (NOTE: Faki did not specifically rule out the Ain
Sirro site where some Chad rebels have been located during
this summer's rainy season, but neither did he suggest that
Chad thought an appropriate cantonment had been found as of
yet. END NOTE.) Once Chadian rebels were no longer in a
position to threaten Chad -- Faki said that it might take
several weeks or longer -- Chad would invite a Sudanese
delegation into Chad to look at Am Jarras and/or other former
JEM military sites, to prove that Chad was not giving succor

NDJAMENA 00000446 002.2 OF 002


to the JEM. Faki stressed that Deby was prepared to give up
the JEM in exchange for improved bilateral ties with Sudan,
and that Deby had tried to make this clear to Ghazi. Once
the Sudanese were satisfied that Chad was not aiding the JEM,
Faki continued, he himself would travel to Khartoum for
meetings at which discussion would continue on
confidence-building measures such as those envisioned in the
2006 Sudan-Chad Joint Protocol, including border monitoring.
The Chadian side hoped to interest the international
community (including potentially MINURCAT and UNAMID) in
assisting with or advising on how to conduct such monitoring.

------------------
JEM OF THE FUTURE?
------------------

4. (SBU) DCM pointed out that JEM leaders had recently
been, and perhaps still were, in N'Djamena, a situation that
made our authorities in Washington -- and the Sudanese --
intensely nervous. Faki said that he believed Djibril
Ibrahim might still be in N'Djamena in connection with an
inheritance from an older brother, but Khalil appeared to
have "gone back East." "We don't want these guys here," Faki
continued. But keeping them away was difficult, as they did
have family and property in N'Djamena. DCM noted that rumors
of JEM weapons purchases, perhaps with the knowledge of
Chadian officials, continued to circulate, and to provoke
considerable anxiety among U.S. policymakers. Faki replied
that "we can't resolve everything at once," but stressed that
Chadian government interlocutors with the JEM had been making
clear for many months that Chad expected the JEM "to
participate in negotiations, lay down arms, and assume the
posture of a political movement -- inside Darfur, not from
Chad."

------------------------------
MILITARY SITUATION IN THE EAST
------------------------------

5. (SBU) DCM asked whether the GoC had any reason to
believe that Chadian rebels were currently still near the
border, as they had been the previous week, apparently in the
company of Minni Minawi units. "We continue to get reports
of armed groups making forays toward Chad," said Faki, who
asked the U.S. to put pressure on Sudan in the aim of
preventing such developments. Faki then allowed as how
"there are some on both sides who don't want peace,"
including within respective governments. Faki said he
attributed persistent -- but consistently false -- reports of
ANT military build-up in the East to "some within the
Sudanese command who are used to selling information and are
not ready to give this practice up." Faki made clear that he
had very much appreciated his October 7 conversations with
A/S Carson (Ref C), during which he hoped he had disabused
Carson of the notion that a recent spate of reports was true.

--------------
FAKI'S TRAVELS
--------------

6. (SBU) Faki termed the current situation, both on the
ground and diplomatically, "fragile but promising." He
advised DCM that he was headed to Saudi Arabia to try to
convince Riyadh to resend an Ambassador to Chad and reopen
its Embassy here (closed since the then-Saudi Ambassador's
wife was killed in the 2008 rebel attacks.) From Riyadh, he
would travel to Kampala for meetings on refugee management
and global issues. He made clear that he would be available
to the USG throughout his trip, should officials wish to
confer with him on any aspects of follow-up to the Ghazi
visit or other matters. He reiterated that current lack of
trust between Chad and Sudan compelled each side to take
steps that the other could verify, ideally with multilateral
observation an eventual part of the process.
NIGRO

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