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Cablegate: Af: Instructions for 2009 Tip Interim Assessment

VZCZCXRO5201
PP RUEHBZ RUEHGI RUEHMA
DE RUEHC #2432/01 3032045
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 302023Z OCT 09
FM SECSTATE WASHDC
TO RUEHAB/AMEMBASSY ABIDJAN PRIORITY 2818
RUEHUJA/AMEMBASSY ABUJA PRIORITY 0068
RUEHAR/AMEMBASSY ACCRA PRIORITY 5108
RUEHBP/AMEMBASSY BAMAKO PRIORITY 1267
RUEHGI/AMEMBASSY BANGUI PRIORITY 1466
RUEHBZ/AMEMBASSY BRAZZAVILLE PRIORITY 1668
RUEHJB/AMEMBASSY BUJUMBURA PRIORITY 3065
RUEHDK/AMEMBASSY DAKAR PRIORITY 3793
RUEHDJ/AMEMBASSY DJIBOUTI PRIORITY 1133
RUEHLC/AMEMBASSY LIBREVILLE PRIORITY 5755
RUEHLU/AMEMBASSY LUANDA PRIORITY 1051
RUEHMA/AMEMBASSY MALABO PRIORITY 0714
RUEHMB/AMEMBASSY MBABANE PRIORITY 3476
RUEHPL/AMEMBASSY PORT LOUIS PRIORITY 3266
RUEHYD/AMEMBASSY YAOUNDE PRIORITY 1735

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 04 STATE 112432

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: KCRM KTIP KWMN PGOV PHUM SMIG AO BY CM CT CG CF IV
DJ, EK, GB, GH, GV, PU, SG, ML, NI
SUBJECT: AF: INSTRUCTIONS FOR 2009 TIP INTERIM ASSESSMENT

REF: NONE

1. (U) This is an action cable; action request in paras 5 and
6.

2.(SBU) The Trafficking Victims Protection Act, as amended in
2003, requires the Secretary of State to submit a "Special
Watch List" of countries on the TIP Report that either 1) had
moved up a tier on the TIP Report over the last year or 2)
were ranked on Tier 2 but a)had not shown evidence of
increasing efforts to address severe forms of TIP from the
previous year, b) were placed on Tier 2 because of
commitments to carry out additional future actions over the
coming year, or c) had a significant or significantly
increasing number of victims of severe forms of TIP.

3. (SBU) The "Special Watch List" has been submitted to
Congress, as required, along with the President's
determinations for sanctions of Tier 3 countries. The TVPA,
as amended, now requires the Secretary to submit to Congress
an Interim Assessment on the Special Watch List countries no
later than February 1, 2010.

4.(SBU) The Interim Assessment, which the Department plans to
release on January 5, 2010, will serve as a narrowly-focused
progress report, assessing a country's progress on key
recommendations highlighted in the June 2009 TIP Report.
Measuring progress or lack of progress in addressing these
deficiencies is the main purpose of the Interim Assessment.
This will not/not serve as a large-scale analysis of
anti-trafficking efforts in the relevant country. Similarly,
it will not describe the trafficking problem in that country
(readers can refer to the 2009 TIP Report for that).
Finally, it will not mention Tiers or allude to progress in
achieving a higher tier or, conversely, forecast a fall to a
lower tier.

5. (U) Action Request for Action Addressees: Please answer
the questions addressed to your Post in para 6 in concise
analytical terms, citing examples of the progress (or lack
thereof) sparingly. Post's submission should not exceed four
or five paragraphs. The final Interim Assessment will
include a narrative of no more than half a page on each
country's progress. Please provide these responses to the
Department via front-channel cable -- slugged for AF/RSA and
G/TIP -- no later than November 16.

6. (U) Interim Assessment Requirements:

A. FOR EMBASSY ABIDJAN: Please summarize the progress, or
lack thereof, the Government of Cote d,Ivoire has made in:
(a) increasing efforts to investigate, prosecute, and convict
traffickers; (b)developing systematic procedures for
identifying trafficking victims among women and girls in
prostitution; (c)stepping up efforts to educate government
officials about trafficking, particularly child sex
trafficking; (e)intensifying efforts to provide care to
trafficking victims by making available funds allocated for
construction of victim shelters; and (f)ensuring that
trafficking victims are not penalized for acts committed as a
direct result of being trafficked. Please report on any other
significant developments.

B. FOR EMBASSY ABUJA: Please summarize the progress, or lack
thereof, the Government of Nigeria has made in: (a)
continuing strong efforts to prosecute and convict
trafficking offenders; (b) reconsidering the practice of
interrogating suspected traffickers in Lagos in the same
building where trafficking victims are sheltered; and (c)
ensuring that victims, rights are respected and that they
are not detained involuntarily in shelters. Please report on
any other significant developments.


STATE 00112432 002 OF 004


C. FOR EMBASSY ACCRA: Please summarize the progress, or lack
thereof, the Government of Ghana has made in:(a)increasing
efforts to prosecute and convict trafficking offenders,
including those who subject children to forced labor in the
Lake Volta fishing industry and those who force foreign women
into prostitution; (b)establishing additional victim
shelters, particularly for sex trafficking victims;
(c)continuing to apply Trafficking Victim Fund monies to
victim care; and(d) training officials to identify
trafficking victims among women in prostitution and to
respect victims' rights. Please report on any other
significant developments.

D. FOR EMBASSY BAMAKO: Please summarize the progress, or lack
thereof, the Government of Mali has made in: (a)
investigating and prosecuting trafficking offenses, including
cases of traditional slavery, and convicting and punishing
trafficking offenders under existing laws; (b)criminalizing
the trafficking of adults for all purposes, including
slavery; (c)developing a system for collecting data on
trafficking crimes and the number of victims identified and
referred by government authorities to service providers for
care; and(d)increasing efforts to raise public awareness
about trafficking and traditional hereditary slavery. Please
report on any other significant developments.

E. FOR EMBASSY BANGUI: Please summarize the progress, or
lack thereof, the Government of the Central African Republic
has made in: (a)Passing and enacting the 2006
anti-trafficking law; (b)developing procedures through which
police and social workers may identify trafficking victims
among vulnerable populations - such as females in
prostitution, abandoned and street children, and Pygmies )
and training police and social workers to implement these
procedures; (c)ending the practice of jailing children who
are victims of sex trafficking; (d)providing care to children
in commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor, in
collaboration with NGOs and the international community as
appropriate; and (e)increasing overall efforts to educate the
public about the dangers of trafficking. Please report on
any other significant developments.

F. FOR EMBASSY BRAZZAVILLE: Please summarize the progress,
or lack thereof, the Government of the Republic of Congo has
made in:(a) training law enforcement officials to identify
traffickers and arrest them under relevant laws; and (b)
training social workers and law enforcement officials to
identify trafficking victims among vulnerable populations and
to refer them to foreign government consulates, foster
families, international organizations, faith-based groups, or
NGOs for care. Please report on any other significant
developments.

G. FOR EMBASSY BUJUMBURA: Please summarize the progress, or
lack thereof, the Government of Burundi has made in:
(a)utilizing the anti-trafficking provisions of the newly
passed criminal code amendments to prosecute and convict
trafficking offenders; (b)establishing an official process
for law enforcement and social welfare officials to interview
potential trafficking victims and refer them for assistance;
(c) taking steps to remove children trafficked into
prostitution and domestic servitude and providing them with
protective services; (d)launching a nationwide
anti-trafficking public awareness campaign; and (e) providing
training on human trafficking to new police and border
guards. Please report on any other significant developments.

H.FOR EMBASSY DAKAR: Please summarize the progress, or lack
thereof, the Government of Senegal has made in: (a)
intensifying efforts to prosecute and convict trafficking
offenders; (b) ensuring that the Ministry of the Interior's
Special Commissariat Against Sex Tourism and the Tourism
Ministry's sex tourism police unit arrest suspected sex
tourists and rescue their victims; and(c) increasing efforts
to raise awareness about trafficking. Please report on any
other significant developments.

I. FOR EMBASSY DAKAR (GUINEA-BISSAU): Please summarize the

STATE 00112432 003 OF 004


progress, or lack thereof, the Government of Guinea-Bissau
has made in: (a) enacting the draft law prohibiting
trafficking in persons; (b) increasing efforts to prosecute
and punish trafficking offenders under forced labor and
trafficking-related laws; (c)investigating establishments
where children are subjected to commercial sexual
exploitation in order to rescue child victims and arrest
trafficking offenders; (d)investigating whether girls are
trafficked to Senegal for domestic servitude; and
(e)finalizing and enacting the draft anti-trafficking
national action plan. Please report on any other significant
developments.

J. FOR EMBASSY DJIBOUTI: Please summarize the progress, or
lack thereof, the Government of Djibouti has made in:
(a)continuing to enforce the anti-trafficking statute through
the successful prosecution of trafficking offenders;
(b)launching a nationwide campaign to educate all levels of
government officials and the general public on the issue of
human trafficking; (c)developing a plan for providing
training on the anti-trafficking law and its provisions to
law enforcement and social welfare officials, including
judges, lawyers, police, immigration officers, and social
workers; (d) establishing mechanisms for providing increased
protective services to trafficking victims, possibly through
he forging of partnerships with NGOs or civil society. Please
report on any other significant developments.

K. FOR EMBASSY KINSHASA: Please summarize the progress, or
lack thereof, the Government of the Democratic Republic of
Congo has made in: (a)increasing efforts to prosecute and
punish trafficking offenders, particularly those who
conscript child soldiers, utilize forced labor, or control
children in prostitution;(b)punishing military and other law
enforcement personnel found unlawfully using local
populations to perform forced labor or mine for minerals;(c)
working in partnership with NGOs or religious entities to
ensure the provision of short-term protective services to
children who are trafficking victims; and (d)working with
concession holders to educate mine operators and workers
about the illegality of utilizing forced labor. Please
report on any other significant developments.

L. FOR EMBASSY LIBREVILLE: Please summarize the progress, or
lack thereof, the Government of Gabon has made in:
(a)increasing efforts to prosecute trafficking offenses and
convict and punish trafficking offenders; (b)drafting and
enacting legislation prohibiting the trafficking of adults;
(c)investigating reports of government complicity in
trafficking; (d)developing formal procedures to identify
trafficking victims among females in prostitution; (e) ending
the practice of placing victims in jail, even temporarily;
and (f) taking steps to combat the forced labor of Pygmies.
Please report on any other significant developments.

M. FOR EMBASSY LUANDA: Please summarize the progress, or
lack thereof, the Government of Angola has made in:
(a)enacting laws to prohibit and punish all forms of
trafficking in persons; (b)increase the capacity of law
enforcement officials to identify and protect victims;
(c)systematically collect data on offenses, victims, and
prosecutions; and (d) reporting on these activities. Please
report on any other significant developments.

N. FOR EMBASSY MALABO: Please summarize the progress, or
lack thereof, the Government of Equatorial Guinea has made
in: (a) making greater use of the country,s 2005
anti-trafficking law and law enforcement and judicial
personnel to investigate, prosecute, and convict trafficking
offenders; (c)training additional law enforcement officials
and Conciliation Delegates to follow formal procedures to
identify trafficking victims among child laborers, illegal
immigrants, and women and girls in prostitution;
(d)establishing a formal system for providing trafficking
victims with assistance; (e)ceasing deportation of any
foreign trafficking victims from Equatoguinean territory
without providing them with care and safe and voluntary
repatriation; and(f) increasing efforts to raise public

STATE 00112432 004 OF 004


awareness about trafficking. Please report on any other
significant developments.

O. FOR EMBASSY MBABANE: Please summarize the progress, or
lack thereof, the Government of Swaziland has made in: (a)
intensifying efforts to prosecute and punish trafficking
offenders, especially public officials complicit in or
facilitating human trafficking; (b)increasing investigation
into potential labor trafficking situations; (c)continuing to
increase victim assistance and shelter services; (d)
providing greater legal protections for undocumented and
foreign trafficking victims; (e)increasing prevention and
demand-reduction efforts; (f)increasing efforts to identify
and care for all trafficking victims; and (g)increasing
anti-trafficking training for government and judicial
officials. Please report on any other significant
developments.

P. FOR EMBASSY PORT LOUIS: Please summarize the progress, or
lack thereof, the Government of Mauritius has made in: (a)
utilizing newly passed anti-trafficking legislation to
investigate and prosecute trafficking offenses and convicting
and punishing trafficking offenders; (b) designating an
official coordinating body or mechanism to facilitate
improved anti-trafficking communication and coordination
among the relevant ministries, law enforcement entities,
working groups, and NGOs; and (c)increasing protective
services available to victims of child commercial sexual
exploitation, particularly in regard to safe shelter and
educational opportunities. Please report on any other
significant developments.
Q. FOR EMBASSY YAOUNDE: Please summarize the progress, or
lack thereof, the Government of Cameroon has made
in:(a)increasing efforts to prosecute and convict trafficking
offenders; (b)educating police, judges, lawyers, and social
workers about the law against child trafficking;(c)finalizing
and enacting the draft law criminalizing the trafficking of
adults;(d) investigating reports of hereditary slavery in the
Northern Province; and(e) developing and implementing formal
procedures through which law enforcement and victim
protection officials may systematically identify trafficking
victims among vulnerable populations and refer them for care.
Please report on any other significant developments.
CLINTON

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