Cablegate: Daily Summary of Japanese Press 10/13/09-2

DE RUEHKO #2359/01 2862100
P 132100Z OCT 09




E.O. 12958: N/A


(11) Atomic-bombing victims welcome Obama's winning of Nobel Peace
Prize as driving force for eliminating nuclear weapons (Yomiuri)

(12) Academic hails awarding of Nobel Peace Prize to President Obama
as show of support for idealistic diplomacy (Asahi)

(13) Researcher obtains U.S. documents on background of establishing
territorial sea at 3 nautical miles in five straits to allow passage
of U.S. ships carrying nuclear arms (Akahata)

(14) Foreign Minister Okada visits Afghanistan, tells President
Karzai of plan to provide vocational training to former Taliban
soldiers (Mainichi)

(15) Main points from talks between Foreign Minister Okada and
Afghan President Karzai (Sankei)

(16) FM Okada at political disadvantage being abroad most of the
time (Nikkei)

(17) JICA President Ogata visits Iraq (Asahi)

(18) Prime minister shows eagerness to sign Japan-China-South Korea
FTA (Nikkei)

(19) Japan, South Korea confirm cooperation to promote East Asian
Community plan, but there is far to go before realization (Nikkei)


(11) Atomic-bombing victims welcome Obama's winning of Nobel Peace
Prize as driving force for eliminating nuclear weapons

YOMIURI (Page 36) (Excerpts)
October 10, 2009

U.S. President Barack Obama won the Nobel Peace Prize on Oct. 9.
Hearing that news the same day, atomic-bomb victims in Hiroshima and
Nagasaki welcomed it as great power for eliminating nuclear weapons.
Some atomic-bomb victims expressed their hopes that Obama will
seriously tackle global warming.


Akihiro Takahashi, 78, an atomic bombing victim and former president
of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum, who has sent Obama three
letters calling on him to visit Hiroshima, said, "The world has now
acknowledged that eliminating nuclear weapons is absolutely
necessary for bringing about peace to the world." He then welcomed
Obama's winning the prize, saying, "I will send the President a
letter calling for his visit to Hiroshima."

Keiji Nakazawa, 70, who wants to give away the English versions of a
series of cartoons titled Barefoot Gen, in which he describes his
atomic bombing experience, to the Obama family, said, "It is not
that easy to eliminate nuclear weapons. We would like to tell the
world the horror of nuclear weapons and support the President."


Hearing the news of President Obama's winning the Nobel Peace Prize,

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Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Survivors Council Secretary General Taku
Yamada, 78, was overjoyed and also surprised. He said, "(The Nobel
committee) has chosen the most appropriate person." He reportedly
will send next week a letter expressing his determination to strive
to eliminate nuclear weapons to Obama.

In Nagasaki City a civic group collected as of Sept. 16 the
signatures of 65,000 people calling on Obama to visit Nagasaki.
Mayor Tomihisa Taue, who suddenly held a press conference, stated:
"The most suitable person won the prize. His receipt of the prize
has encouraged Nagasaki as well. I want him not to move away from
his current policy and or to blur his message."

(12) Academic hails awarding of Nobel Peace Prize to President Obama
as show of support for idealistic diplomacy

ASAHI (Page 30) (Full)
October 10, 2009

Comments by Fumiko Nishizaki, Seikei University professor
specializing in American diplomatic history

U.S. President Barack Obama, who called for a "world without nuclear
weapons" in his speech in Prague in April, has been experiencing
difficulties in steering U.S. foreign policy due to criticism from
realists at home and abroad over his lack of achievements. I am
truly surprised by the award of the Nobel Peace Prize to him even as
the U.S. troops continue to fight in Iraq and Afghanistan. However,
I fully agree with and support the decision.

Obama is a president who has derived power from ideals and who will
continue to do so. He gives priority to ideals even though results
may not be produced in a short time and the realization of the
ideals will take a long time. For example, Richard Nixon was a
president who gave top priority to the goal of withdrawing from the
Vietnam War and who went as far as expanding the battlefront to
achieve that goal, deceiving the people in the process. But Obama is
someone who cannot follow such an example.

Such is the essence of his foreign policy, and the Nobel Prize
committee probably perceived the fact that international public
opinion is in the process of moving toward the direction of giving
importance to the respect for ideals. It tried to give Obama, who is
facing great hardships, what might be termed support from the
sideline. This may also be a sign that Europe, where the committee
is based, welcomes Obama diplomacy.

Obama diplomacy consists not only of the Prague speech appealing for
a "world without nuclear weapons". His Cairo speech calling for
dialogue with Islam and other actions show a consistent pattern of
upholding dialogue and non-military methods. There has not been a
president like him in the United States, a country that consistently
boasted of its military power during the Cold War era and after.

One decisive factor is that although Obama argues for the need for
American leadership, he has never claimed that America is always
right. He has clearly taken an attitude of listening to dissenting
opinion in the international community. Considering even Bill
Clinton had said that America was "on the right side of history,"
Obama has certainly taken an epoch-making stance.

For example, when Obama talks about ideals, he talks about them in

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the context of history even when he discusses "American ideals".
World history has not been America-centered, and even within
America, history has been complex. I think he not only has ideals,
but such is also his wisdom. His statements have come from a world
view nurtured by his background of having an African father and
growing up in Indonesia.

The above is also true for the word "freedom," a term that
symbolizes America. Bush's freedom was defined unilaterally by
America and was a mere ideology. But Obama's freedom is unmistakably
shared universally by the people of the world. That is a true ideal.
I believe we will be able to identify with Obama's tortuous pursuit
of his ideal even if the road ahead is treacherous.

(13) Researcher obtains U.S. documents on background of establishing
territorial sea at 3 nautical miles in five straits to allow passage
of U.S. ships carrying nuclear arms

AKAHATA (Top play) (Full)
October 12, 2009

Even though the Japanese government set its territorial seas at 12
nautical miles (approximately 22 kilometers) under the 1977
Territorial Sea Law, at five straits - Soya, Tsugaru, East and West
Channels of Tsushima, and Osumi - it reduced its territorial waters
to 3 nautical miles (approximately 6.5 kilometers). Shoji Niihara,
an international affairs researcher, has obtained a set of
declassified U.S. documents showing that behind this was U.S.
pressure demanding the "free passage" and "unimpeded passage" of
U.S. nuclear-powered submarines carrying nuclear arms.

Niihara obtained copies of the annual bulletins of the U.S. Pacific
Command and cables of the U.S. Embassy in Japan.

If Japan's territorial waters were set at 12 nautical miles, all the
five straits would be part of Japan's territorial waters, where free
passage would not be possible. For this reason, the Pacific
Command's annual bulletin, "Command History," for 1972 pointed out
that Tsugaru, Soya and other straits were "important for U.S.
national interests," and if free passage of submarines were impeded,
this would have a "direct impact" on plans for nuclear war against
the Soviet Union and China, known as the SIOP (Single Integrated
Operational Plan).

In light of this, the United States persistently demanded from the
Japanese government free passage through the straits.

A cable dated June 29, 1974, from the U.S. Department of State to
the Pacific Command indicated there had been sent an aide-memoire
taking a tough stance, stating that "a law of the sea that does not
protect the unimpeded passage (through the straits) is
unacceptable," as per the "president's repeated special order."

At first, there was opposition in the Defense Agency (now the
Ministry of Defense) to free passage, but in the end the Japanese
government succumbed to pressure.

The late Seiji Masamori, a Japanese Communist Party House of
Representatives member, had long ago pointed out at the Lower House
Committee on Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries on April 21, 1977
the suspicion that "the territorial sea was set at 3 nautical miles
because (if it were set at 12 nautical miles, the passage of U.S.

TOKYO 00002359 004 OF 009

military vessels) would constitute a violation of the three
non-nuclear principles of not producing, possessing, and introducing
nuclear weapons." This allegation has been substantiated by U.S.
documents for the first time.

The reason the government bowed to U.S. pressure was because it was
bound by the secret agreement allowing the U.S. to bring nuclear
arms into Japan signed at the time of the conclusion of the present
Japan-U.S. security treaty in 1960.

A cable dated Dec. 30, 1975, from the U.S. Embassy in Japan to the
State Department related that Foreign Minister Kiichi Miyazawa told
Ambassador James Hodgson: "The government is looking for ways to
provide for the right of free passage at certain straits along with
setting territorial seas at 12-nautical miles," adding that "the
question is how to overcome the strong protests from the opposition
parties that such legislation violates the three non-nuclear
principles." This conveyed the government's predicament with regard
to how to paper over the contradiction between the secret nuclear
agreement and the three non-nuclear principles. The result of this
episode is the territorial waters in
five Japanese straits were set at 3 nautical miles, which is a rare
case in the world.

(14) Foreign Minister Okada visits Afghanistan, tells President
Karzai of plan to provide vocational training to former Taliban

MAINICHI (Top play) (Abridged slightly)
October 12, 2009

Shinichi Kurita, Islamabad

Foreign Minister Katsuya Okada made a surprise visit to the Afghan
capital of Kabul on the morning of Oct. 11 (on the afternoon of Oct.
11, Japan time). He arrived in Afghanistan via Dubai after visiting
Beijing. In his meeting with Afghan President Hamid Karzai, Okada
announced a plan to offer vocational training to former Taliban
soldiers as a new measure to support the reconstruction of
Afghanistan. Karzai praised Okada's proposal as a measure resulting
in reconciliation with the Taliban.

Okada indicated to reporters that the government would not
necessarily come up with assistance measures before U.S. President
Barack Obama's visit to Japan on Nov. 12.

Okada arrived in Pakistan's capital of Islamabad on the night of
Oct. 11 after spending about seven hours in Afghanistan. Okada
briefed the press on his talks with Karzai.

According to the briefing and other sources, Okada in his talks with
Karzai announced a plan to provide vocational training to former
Taliban soldiers, saying, "Providing assistance for the
reconstruction of Afghanistan is vital." Karzai praised the plan,
saying: "It is conceivable to make peace with those who are
connected with the Al-Qaeda or the Taliban but have no ideology. It
is very important to give vocational training to earn bread and

Karzai also expressed his gratitude, saying, "Japan has been on the
frontline of assistance to Afghanistan." He further expressed strong
expectations for civilian support and contributions to peace,

TOKYO 00002359 005 OF 009

noting: "We need assistance especially in the areas of electric
power, higher education, and agriculture. In addition to assistance
in those areas, I would like to see Japan play a role in promoting
the peace process."

With regard to the Maritime Self-Defense Force's refueling mission
in the Indian Ocean under the Antiterrorism Special Measures Law,
which is to expire next January, Okada told the reporters: "We will
not simply extend the mission; no more, no less." Neither Okada nor
Karzai referred to the refueling mission during their talks, Okada

Okada is the first Japanese foreign minister to visit Afghanistan
since former Foreign Minister Koumura in May last year. He is also
the first minister of the Hatoyama administration to visit the
country. Okada's itinerary was not announced in advance due to the
precarious security situation. Okada met with Foreign Minister
Rangin Dadfar Spanta and former Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah,
in addition to Karzai.

Okada is scheduled to hold talks with Pakistani President Asif Ali
Zardari and others on Oct. 12. He is slated to return home on Oct.
15 after visiting Indonesia on Oct. 13 and an earthquake-stricken
area off Sumatra on Oct. 14.

(15) Main points from talks between Foreign Minister Okada and
Afghan President Karzai

SANKEI (Page 3) (Full)
October 12, 2009

Takeshi Kasahara, Islamabad

Foreign Minister Katsuya Okada: Providing reconstruction assistance
to Afghanistan is a vital matter. Japan's assistance is tantamount
to assistance by the people of Japan, and I want the Japanese people
to understand why Japan needs to provide assistance to Afghanistan.

Afghan President Hamid Karzai: Japan has been on the front line of
aid to Afghanistan. Reconstruction of Afghanistan began with the
International Conference on Reconstruction Assistance to Afghanistan
held in 2002 in Tokyo. I am deeply grateful for Japan's generous
assistance. Please convey my heartfelt gratitude to Prime Minister
Yukio Hatoyama and His Majesty the Emperor. International assistance
has contributed to the reconstruction of Afghanistan. But we need
further assistance in such areas as education, public health and
local development. Electric power, higher education, and agriculture
are particularly in need of assistance. In addition to assistance in
such areas, I want to see Japan play a role in promoting the peace
process in Afghanistan.

Okada: For the reconciliation and reintegration of Afghanistan, we
have a plan to give job training to the poor so that they can
acquire skills.

Karzai: Job training will be significant.

(16) FM Okada at political disadvantage being abroad most of the

NIKKEI (Page 39) (Full)
October 10, 2009

TOKYO 00002359 006 OF 009

At the Japan-China foreign ministerial meeting in Beijing on Oct. 9,
PRC Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi smiled wryly when Foreign Minister
Katsuya Okada, 56, said to him: "Last time we had a candid exchange
of views." Eleven days ago, when Yang tried to drive home the point
that the issue of poisoned Chinese-made gyoza dumplings "should not
be made a political issue" in Shanghai, Okada did not give in. This
took the Chinese by surprise. At the meeting on Oct. 9, Okada
pressed again for a solution to the issue, explaining: "Gyoza
dumplings are included as a dish in children's boxed lunches."
Okada ordered an investigation into the alleged "secret agreement"
with the U.S. allowing the introduction of nuclear arms into Japan
on the day he took office. He goes on overseas trips every week. He
pays no attention to the criticism that "he is not satisfied unless
he does everything by himself" and did not forget to stuff his bag
with documents relating to FY2010 budget requests on his trip to

What drives Okada is the lesson learned from the change of
administration 16 years ago. The cabinet became dysfunctional then
because the Hosokawa administration maintained a dual structure of
power. Ichiro Ozawa, 67, was the real power holder in the ruling
parties. Ozawa used to be a senior of Okada by many years in the
Liberal Democratic Party's Takeshita faction, and Okada referred to
him as "political father." When the faction split into two, Ozawa
had also told his close aides: "I want to make a full-fledged
politician out of Okada. Teach him the filthiness of politics."

However, Okada came to have doubts about Ozawa's judgments that led
to the collapse of the Hata administration. His break with Ozawa
became decisive in December 1997 when Ozawa suddenly decided to
disband the New Frontier Party. Okada regarded this as a "betrayal
of the voters" and was unable to restrain his anger at the gap
between the ideal of creating a party capable of taking over power
and reality.

On the eve of the inauguration of the new administration, when
Social Democratic Party leader Mizuho Fukushima, 53, kept insisting
on the creation of a consultative body outside the cabinet, Okada
told her: "There is no use repeating the same theoretical argument"
and cut the meeting short. At that time, he had also wanted to keep
his job as Democratic Party of Japan secretary general in order not
to repeat the mistake made by the Hosokawa administration.

Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama, 62, later decided to pick Ozawa as
the new secretary general and summoned him to the party
headquarters. At the same time, Okada, who missed one phone call
from Hatoyama, was asked to become the foreign minister in a second
phone call. Okada did not give an answer right away and asked to be
given some time to think about the offer.

He reportedly bit his lips and said: "I am not sure if it's okay
that I am not in Japan most of the time in a year. I would have
wanted to be by Mr. Hatoyama's side." Over a month since then, right
at the moment Okada was meeting the foreign ministers of China and
South Korea in Shanghai, a meeting between the government and the
ruling party leaders was being held hastily in Japan, and Ozawa was
knocking the door of the Prime Minister's Official Residence.

(17) JICA President Ogata visits Iraq

ASAHI (Page 2) (Full)

TOKYO 00002359 007 OF 009

October 12, 2009

Atsuo Hirata, Cairo

Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) President Sadako Ogata
met with Iraqi Prime Minister Maliki and Foreign Minister Zebari on
Oct. 11 in Baghdad, the capital of Iraq. Ogata and the two Iraqi
leaders exchanged views on Japan's reconstruction assistance for
Iraq. Ogata is the first president of JICA, in charge of
implementing the government's official development assistance (ODA)
programs, to visit Iraq after the war began there in 2003.

Maliki expressed his gratitude for Japan's assistance and asked for
cooperation for technical training for Iraqis. In response, Ogata
said, "Japan is ready to cooperate with your country, in particular
to improve the civilian sector, including electric power,
agriculture, and waterworks." She arrived in Baghdad on Oct. 10. The
Japanese side announced that JICA will implement three ODA projects
- construction of water supply and sewerage in the mid-western part
of Iraq, construction of a thermal electric power plant in central
Iraq, and construction of a hydro power plant in northern Iraq's
Kurdish area - by using yen loans totaling 87.8 billion yen (978
million dollars). The Japanese side showed a stance of moving its
aid program into full gear.

The U.S. government plans to withdraw its troops from Iraq by the
end of 2011 and shift the axis of antiterrorism measures to
Afghanistan. Japan aims to demonstrate its international
contribution by supporting Iraq's reconstruction after the U.S.
military pulls out from that country. Tokyo also intends to
strengthen relations with Iraq, a country rich in natural

(18) Prime minister shows eagerness to sign Japan-China-South Korea

NIKKEI (Page 3) (Full)
October 11, 2009

Tetsushi Takahashi, Beijing

Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama at the Japan-China-South Korea summit
on Oct. 10 expressed his strong eagerness to sign a trilateral free
trade agreement (FTA). The signing of an FTA with China and South
Korea will serve as a touchstone for the prime minister, who wants
to start with the strengthening of economic cooperation in realizing
his Initiative for an East Asian Community. The three leaders were
also of the same mind that it is still too early to discuss an exit
strategy for ending emergency measures for the economic meltdown.
They clarified the stance of strengthening policy cooperation on the
macro-economic front.

Emerging from the meeting, Hatoyama told reporters, "I would like to
see a Japan-China-South Korea investment agreement materialized
early next year so as to move forward FTA talks among the three
countries." The trilateral investment talks, which started in 2007,
are currently under suspension. There are still yawning gaps in
their viewpoints. Nevertheless, the prime minister referred to a
specific timeline for the talks, motivated by the desire to foster
momentum for the signing of an FTA, using the investment agreement
as the driving force.

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If a Japan-China-South Korea FTA is realized, the initiative of an
East Asian Community will gain a far more realistic prospect than
ever before. However, the envisaged FTA is still at the stage of
research by the private sector.

At the summit Hatoyama insisted, "The governments of the three
countries should discuss the outcome of private-sector research."
The Chinese Premier replied, "I would like to press ahead with the
FTA plan through a review by industry, government, and academia.
South Korean President Lee Mung Bak said, "It is necessary for the
results of private-sector research to be further discussed by
academics." The stances of the three leaders thus differ. Putting
the FTA issue on the agenda of government-to-government talks
requires even stronger political will.

Concerning macro-economic policies, the three leaders shared the
stance that their countries should contribute to the recovery of the
global economy by ensuring growth through the expansion of domestic
demand. Too much remains unclear about the future of the economies
of the three countries, whose continued growth has depended on
external demand. The fact that they shared a perception of the
situation does not permit termination of a positive fiscal policy,
and an easy money policy intended to deal with the economic crunch
is a manifestation of their still harboring anxieties over the
future of the economy.

(19) Japan, South Korea confirm cooperation to promote East Asian
Community plan, but there is far to go before realization

NIKKEI (Page 3) (Full)
October 10, 2009

Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama and South Korean President Lee
Myung-Bak agreed in their meeting on Oct. 9 to promote the
Hatoyama-proposed initiative to create an East Asian Community. But
they did not step into specifics of the concept, leaving its
contents vague. They also have different views about which countries
should join the envisioned community. In addition, there is the need
to give consideration to the U.S., which is skeptical of the
initiative. Under such circumstances, the process to translate the
community plan into practice remains uncertain.

Hatoyama said in a joint press conference after the bilateral
summit: "Japan and South Korea are the most important neighbors and
their relationship is a cornerstone in the Hatoyama administration's
Asia policy and in the initiative of an East Asian Community." He
thus indicated consideration for South Korea.

Lee has favorably responded to the initiative of creating a
community led by Japan, China and South Korea, but he has worried
that South Korea might be overshadowed by the two economic powers -
Japan and China. Lee, even while expressing to Hatoyama his
understanding of the community concept, also said: "Considerable
time might be required because of the need to solve various issues
to meet prerequisites."

In a speech at the UN General Assembly in September, Hatoyama
stressed that Japan will become a "bridge" for Asian countries to
realize the community concept. The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ)
in its manifesto for the latest House of Representatives election
also pledged to establish in the Asia-Pacific region a regional
cooperative structure covering such areas as trade, energy,

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finances, disaster relief, and the environment.

This idea itself is not fresh. Successive cabinets made efforts to
enhance cooperation mainly in the economic sector under the slogan
of placing importance on relations with Asia. Upon clarifying its
view about Japan's wartime history, the Hatoyama government intends
to expedite negotiations on economic partnership agreements (EPA)
and on free trade agreements (FTA) with Asian countries. Hatoyama
also eyes a long-term security framework.

Even so, the government has yet to determine details of the
community initiative, in part out of consideration for the U.S.,
which remains cautious about the initiative. Since the 1990s, the
U.S. has attempted to prevent an economic zone from being created in
Asia, as seen from its opposition to the East Asia Economic Council
(EAEC). A U.S. government source voiced apprehension about the
community plan, remarking: "The Japanese government gave no
sufficient explanation, so the proposal has created a major stir in
the U.S. government."

All the more because specifics of the concept have not been
determined yet. There is discord in the cabinet. Hatoyama has said
that he has "no intention to exclude" the U.S., but Foreign Minister
Katsuya Okada has said: "The community should be composed of Japan,
China, South Korea, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations
(ASEAN) countries, India, Australia, and New Zealand." Regarding
Hatoyama's proposal for a single currency in the community, too,
Okada has said that it would be difficult for countries with
different political systems to introduce a common currency,
apparently bearing China in mind.

The DPJ's manifesto also specified: "The party intends to conclude
an FTA with the U.S. and promote liberalizing trade and investment
between the two countries." The party anticipates that the image of
excluding the U.S. will be erased and that "balance will be
achieved" if Japan concludes an FTA with the U.S. However, as seen
from the fact that in the process of laying out the manifesto the
party was pressed to revise language in response to strong reactions
from agricultural organizations, it is not easy to turn this plan
into reality.

Meanwhile, the foreign ministers of Japan and China agreed in their
meeting in Beijing on Oct. 9 to deepen mutual understanding to
realize the concept of an East Asian Community. Chinese Foreign
Minister Yang Jiechi stressed that the two countries should enhance
cooperation in the economic area, including financial services and
trade, remarking: "Cooperation between Japan and China is imperative
in East Asia."


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