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Cablegate: Brazil On Iran at Iaea: Not Supportive of P5+1 Tabling

VZCZCXRO1422
OO RUEHRG
DE RUEHBR #1371 3310948
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
O 270948Z NOV 09
FM AMEMBASSY BRASILIA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 5488
INFO RUEHSO/AMCONSUL SAO PAULO 0111
RUEHRI/AMCONSUL RIO DE JANEIRO 0068
RUEHRG/AMCONSUL RECIFE 0140
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 0351
RUEHUNV/USMISSION UNVIE VIENNA 0208
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHINGTON DC
RHEBAAA/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHDC
RUEANFA/NRC WASHDC
RUEHII/VIENNA IAEA POSTS COLLECTIVE
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC
RHMFISS/CDR USSOUTHCOM MIAMI FL

C O N F I D E N T I A L BRASILIA 001371

SIPDIS

DEPT FOR NEA/FO ELISA CATALANO
DEPT ALSO FOR ISN/RA RICHARD NEPHEW

E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/25/2019
TAGS: PREL IAEA IR BR
SUBJECT: BRAZIL ON IRAN AT IAEA: NOT SUPPORTIVE OF P5+1 TABLING
RESOLUTION AT THIS TIME

Classified By: Charge d'Affaires, a.i. Cherie Jackson for reasons 1.4
(b) and (d).

REF: STATE 120288

1. (C) Science Counselor discussed reftel points and key messages on
November 25 with Santiago Mourao, the Brazilian Ministry of External
Relations' (MRE) Director of the Division for Disarmament and
Sensitive Technologies. A very well-informed Mourao said that Brazil
still does not have a position on Iran going into the upcoming
International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Board of Governors
meeting starting on November 26. Mourao stated that he had prepared
a position paper and discussed the matter on November 24 with MRE
Secretary-General Antonio Patriota, who then briefed MRE Minister
Celso Amorim. Brazil is supportive of seeing a resolution to the
questions over Iran's nuclear program, but Mourao said he and
Patriota thought that pressing a P5+1 resolution on Iran at this time
would not be helpful. He added that maybe in six months or a year
such a resolution would be constructive. Today, however, the
Government of Brazil is not very happy if a P5+1 resolution were
tabled, he stressed.

2. (C) Mourao said that Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da
Silva in his November 23 meeting with visiting Iranian President
Ahmadinejad (SEPTEL) had been very explicit that the proposal on the
Tehran Research Reactor (TRR) was a good deal. Mourao saw some signs
of hope for a deal being worked out. He explained that Ahmadinejad
had indicated that there were internal sensitivities to the TRR
proposal that needed to be resolved, mainly relating to a lack of
confidence. Mourao noted the Iranian proposal to have the enriched
uranium for the TRR kept on an Iranian island, possibly with
international oversight, and then exchanging it for processed fuel
for the TRR. He commented that such a deal would allow both sides to
sit at the table and move forward.

3. (C) In addition to hearing from the USG, Mourao noted that he had
also talked with the British, the French and the Germans about Iran
and the upcoming IAEA Board of Governors meeting.

JACKSON

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