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Cablegate: France and Brazil Join Forces for "Bold and Audacious"

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UNCLAS PARIS 001520

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E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: SENV ENRG KGHG FR
SUBJECT: France and Brazil Join Forces for "Bold and Audacious"
Copenhagen

1. (U) SUMMARY: On Saturday, November 14, French President Sarkozy
and Brazilian President Lula da Silva held a press conference in
Paris to announce an agreement on a "Common Position on Climate
Change," guided by the principles of fairness and equity. At the
press conference, President Sarkozy said that through extensive
travel over the next several weeks he would promote a coalition of
countries in Latin America, Europe, Africa and part of Asia to
support the common position in Copenhagen. Sarkozy rejected a
statement of principle as an acceptable outcome in Copenhagen,
insisting on some legal agreement. He also called upon the United
States to "be at the height of its responsibilities" in Copenhagen.
Text of the Common Position in English and text and video of the
press conference in French are available at http://www.elysee.fr
END SUMMARY

2. (U) On Saturday, November 14 French President Sarkozy welcomed
Brazilian President Lula, en route to the FAO World Summit on Food
Security in Rome. They issued a common position on climate change
which pledged the governments to work together for a global response
guided by "fairness and equity". Specifically, they called upon
Annex I countries to adopt "new and ambitious" greenhouse gas (GHG)
reduction targets in line with their historical responsibilities and
capabilities. They will support a registry for measuring, reporting
and verifying (MRV) both nationally appropriate mitigation actions
(NAMAs) by developing countries and (financial) support received by
developing countries, thus channeling more money to the developing
world. Also, they agree on the need for establishing a World
Environmental Organization (WEO) to "give coherence" to actions,
with impetus to be given in Copenhagen so the WEO could be
established at Rio plus 20 in Rio de Janeiro in 2012.

3. (U) To build consensus on this joint position, French President
Sarkozy plans to travel extensively. At his press conference he
implied that German Chancellor Merkel and Danish Prime Minister
Rasmussen agree with his plan. At the end of November he will go as
UK Prime Minister Brown's guest to the Commonwealth Ministers
meeting in Tobago, where he plans to talk to India. He also would
attend a possible meeting of Amazon River Basin countries in Manaus,
Brazil. Finally, he would make efforts to bring along some African
countries. Thus Sarkozy hopes to arrive in Copenhagen at the head
of an impressive coalition of countries from Europe, Latin America,
Africa, and parts of Asia.

4. (U) The French press has played up Sarkozy's apparent criticism
of the U.S. position. When asked if he would accept a statement of
principles from Copenhagen, Sarkozy dismisses this idea as contrary
to the position of France. Holding up Brazil as the first major
emerging economy stating its position that it would commit to
reducing its greenhouse gases, Sarkozy says that, "we will not
accept that some countries agree to these commitments, and others
say, 'we will see tomorrow.'" He then immediately adds, "you know
the friendship that France feels for the U.S., and the confidence I
have in President Obama. But the first economy in the world ought
to be at the height of its responsibilities."

RIVKIN

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