Search

 

Cablegate: Climate Change Funds for Southeast Asia Best Spent In

VZCZCXRO4950
OO RUEHCHI RUEHCN RUEHDT RUEHHM
DE RUEHJA #1970 3360817
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 020817Z DEC 09
FM AMEMBASSY JAKARTA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 3963
INFO RUEHZS/ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS COLL
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC

UNCLAS JAKARTA 001970

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

FROM AMBASSADOR HUME TO THE SECRETARY

DEPT FOR D-LEW, EAP A/S CAMPBELL, AND S/ECC TODD STERN
USAID FOR A/A MARGOS ELLIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: EAGR EAID KGHG SENV PREL ID
SUBJECT: Climate Change Funds for Southeast Asia Best Spent in
Indonesia

REF: A) Jakarta 1314, B) Bangkok 2259

1. (SBU) The Department should invest limited U.S. funds for climate
change where potential gains are the greatest. In Southeast Asia,
that place is Indonesia. I urge that the proposed Asia Regional
Center for Excellence on Climate Change (ARC) be put in Indonesia.

Political Rationale
-------------------

2. (SBU) Indonesia, the only Southeast Asian country in the G-20, is
taking a stronger role in regional and global affairs. At the 13th
UN Conference of the Parties in Bali, Yudhoyono sponsored the Bali
Road Map to move discussions forward. He also brought together six
neighboring nations to launch the Coral Triangle Initiative to
protect the biodiversity and food sources in those critical waters.
In May 2009, he hosted the World Oceans Conference, where you sent a
well-received video address, to bring oceans into the climate
debate. Yudhoyono advanced current global negotiations on climate
when he declared at the Pittsburg G-20 Indonesia's unilateral
commitment to reduce emissions by 26% below a business-as-usual
(BAU) scenario by 2020, or by 41% with international assistance.
Indonesia was the first developing country to break ranks with the
G-77 in stark contrast to China and India.

Climate Significance
--------------------

3. (SBU) Indonesia is the world's third largest emitter of
greenhouse gases. Its forests and peat lands house the world's
second highest terrestrial biodiversity and its tropical forest
coverage ranks only behind Brazil and the Congo. Indonesia's waters
host the world's highest marine biodiversity and the potential for
climate-related adaptation successes, including on food security,
could be brought to the region and as far as Africa in the future.


4. (SBU) Over the next two decades, this growing Muslim-majority
population country of 240 million, 41% of ASEAN, will see its energy
usage and industry expand to where emissions will increase over
seven fold. A low-carbon, green growth path is necessary, as much
as it is for China and India. There can be no global solution to
climate change without Indonesia.

Impact for the Region and the 3rd Largest Emitter
--------------------------------------------- ----

5. (SBU) The proposed ARC will have its largest impact, politically
and practically, on the country where it is located. During their
bilateral meeting at APEC, Presidents Obama and Yudhoyono discussed
Indonesia's importance to the world stage as a participant in G-20,
a key member of ASEAN, and major player on climate change. Placing
the ARC in Indonesia would reinforce POTUS' message regarding
Indonesia's importance to the region and to global affairs.
Indonesia's centrality to ASEAN will facilitate regional work on
climate mitigation, adaptation and energy. Already, Indonesia
stands as a locus of peat lands and forests research and policy
experimentation. Its waters merit climate science focus and
adaptation efforts. Its energy and industry is large enough, yet
not yet emitting heavily, to apply low carbon growth strategies.
Lessons learned could be adapted as best practices for other nations
with significant forests, coastal communities and growing
industries. In the process of serving the region, placement of this
center in Indonesia also will contribute to reducing many more tons
of greenhouse gases in this third largest emitting country than if
it were placed elsewhere.

Hume

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
World Headlines

 

UN News: Vaccine Inequity Triggers ‘Huge Disconnect’ Between Countries

Although COVID-19 cases and deaths continue to decline globally for a second consecutive week, the UN health agency chief said on Monday that “a huge disconnect” is mounting between some highly vaccinated countries, which see the pandemic as largely resolved, ... More>>

Save The Children: Almost 60 Children Killed In Gaza In The Last Week Alone

Save the Children is calling for an immediate ceasefire by all parties, as 58 children[i] in Gaza and two children in southern Israel have been killed in the last week. More than a thousand people in Gaza, including 366 children[ii], have also been injured. ... More>>


IPPPR: The Independent Panel Calls For Urgent Reform Of Pandemic Prevention And Response Systems

Expert independent panel calls for urgent reform of pandemic prevention and response systems The Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response is today calling on the global community to end the COVID-19 pandemic and adopt a series of bold and ... More>>


Focus On: UN SDGs

ILO Voices: A Future With Hope, Free From Bonded Labour

By Padma Kumari Tamata Formerly in bonded labour, Padma Kumari Tamata is now a farmer, and grows and sells her own vegetables in the Kanchanpur district of Nepal. My name is Padma and I come from Vashi, a small hamlet in Nepal’s far-west Kanchanpur district. ... More>>

UN: Economic Recovery Under Threat Amid Surging COVID Cases And Lagging Vaccination In Poorer Countries

New York, 11 May — While the global growth outlook has improved, led by robust rebound in China and the United States, surging COVID-19 infections and inadequate vaccination progress in many countries threaten a broad-based recovery of the world ... More>>

Study: Cut Methane Emissions To Avert Global Temperature Rise

6 May 2021 Methane emissions caused by human activity can be reduced by up to 45 per cent this decade, thus helping to keep global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius in line with the Paris Agreement on climate change, according to a UN-backed ... More>>