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Cablegate: Organizational Hubris Damages the Indonesian National

VZCZCXRO0044
PP RUEHCHI RUEHCN RUEHDT RUEHHM
DE RUEHJA #2012/01 3420406
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 080406Z DEC 09
FM AMEMBASSY JAKARTA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4058
INFO RUEHZS/ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS COLL
RUEHBY/AMEMBASSY CANBERRA 3691
RUEHWL/AMEMBASSY WELLINGTON 0014
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC
RHHMUNA/USPACOM HONOLULU HI
RHMCSUU/FBI WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC
RUEAWJA/DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHINGTON DC

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 JAKARTA 002012

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

DEPT FOR EAP, EAP/MTS, EB/TPP, EB/TPP/BTA, DRL, DRL/AWH, S/CT, INL
FOR BARCLAY, DOJ FOR DAAG SWARTZ, ICITAP FOR TREVILLIAN/BARR
DRL FOR JKIM
FBI FOR SETUI/SSA ROTH
NCTC WASHDC
NSC FOR EPHU

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PHUM ECON ETRD SNAR KJUS KCOR ID
SUBJECT: Organizational Hubris Damages the Indonesian National
Police

REF: (A) JAKARTA 1944; (B) JAKARTA 1965; (C) JAKARTA 1950 AND
PREVIOUS

1. (SBU) This cable is sensitive but unclassified. Please handle
accordingly.

2. (SBU) SUMMARY The row between Indonesian National Police (INP)
and the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) has damaged the
reputation of Police Chief Bambang Hendarso Danuri and that of the
entire INP. Danuri's preference for loyalty over performance, both
in his attempt to retain Chief Detective Susno Duadji and later in
replacing him with someone with a questionable reputation, damages
the INP as an institution.
Danuri's leadership style has negatively impacted morale among INP
leadership, further eroded public confidence, and, for many, called
into question his ability to promote institutional reform in the
INP. END SUMMARY


All the President's Men


2. (SBU) Danuri has a reputation as a perfectionist, micro-manager,
and disciplinarian who takes few risks and promotes unquestionable
loyalty. All of these characteristics served him well throughout
his career and made him former Police Chief Sutanto's single
recommendation as his replacement to President Yudhoyono. In the
aftermath of the July 17 Jakarta bombings and the KPK controversy,
Damuri personally chaired marathon meetings involving most of the
police force's general officers. from This has made day-to-day
tasks and engagement with the INP challenging.

3. (SBU) Danuri previously established a reputation as a strict
disciplinarian. Since his appointment in October 2008, he has
disciplined or removed over 120 command officers from colonels to
two-star generals. Danuri once removed an entire district police
contingent for failure to satisfactorily respond to illegal logging
activities in Kalimantan. Many of these infractions were minor, but
senior general officers were disciplined, usually within 72 hours of
the infraction. Two months ago, Danuri transferred almost 600
mid-level and senior management personnel causing organizational and
operational disruption.

4. (SBU) Danuri's reluctance to reprimand Susno has compromised his
leadership as rumors swirled around his subordinate. Even after
Susno issued inconsistent statements regarding his role in the Bank
Century case and became directly implicated on tape in an alleged
plot to frame two KPK Commissioners, Danuri continued to defend him.
Danuri stood by Susno after President SBY's Team of Eight
recommendations that denounced the INP actions were made, framing
his loyalty as a matter of law.


5. (SBU) Personal loyalty was a major factor in the initial decision
to retain Susno and to later replace him. Danuri and Susno have
longstanding ties to SBY, as does Susno's replacement Ito Sumardi.
Susno and Sumardi are close friends and classmates, working together
in Surabaya in 1999-2001. Embassy officials have learned that an
important factor in Susno's resignation negotiations was the promise
that Sumardi replace him. Despite other more senior and qualified
generals, and undisclosed gambling and illegal logging
investigations against Sumardi while in Riau, Danuri tapped him to
replace Susno.

6. (SBU) In Embassy interactions, Sumardi comes across as a stalwart
advocate of a closer relationship with the USG. He is responsive
and to date has been a progressive reform-minded interlocutor. It
remains to be seen how he will manage the multiple pressures of the
situation he has now inherited.

Susno, A Muzzled Crocodile?

7. (SBU) Susno, the former head of Indonesia's financial
intelligence unit (PPATK), was the third most powerful man in the
INP. He was the gatekeeper to all major investigations managed by

JAKARTA 00002012 002 OF 002


his detectives, including the ongoing Bank Century scandal. The INP
CID is not a sophisticated investigative body. General officers
often personally conduct sensitive investigations and involve
themselves in handling evidence and interviews that more developed
law enforcement organizations would delegate to junior officers.
Susno held the advantage in understanding how financial
investigations are processed and in his position had the power to
direct or redirect any investigation.

8. (SBU) Susno knows perhaps more than anyone else regarding the
Bank Century investigation. The question is what exactly he knows
and whether he will remain quiet. He was incensed and complained
vociferously to Embassy officials when he found out his cell phone
was allegedly tapped by the KPK. Susno took this personally, and he
has expressed his anger to anyone who would listen.

INP on the Defensive?

9. (SBU) What began months ago as a conflict between the KPK and
the INP has pushed the INP into a defensive posture. As the
investigation in to the Bank Century scandal heats up, the INP will
likely find itself under increased public scrutiny. The situation
may prove too difficult for Danuri to manage the possible outcome.


HUME

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