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Cablegate: Monuc Extended 5 Months; Mandate Calls For

VZCZCXRO5315
PP RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMA RUEHMR RUEHPA RUEHRN RUEHTRO
DE RUCNDT #1159/01 3581739
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 241739Z DEC 09
FM USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 7921
INFO RUEHZO/AFRICAN UNION COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHGG/UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY 1286
RUEHLGB/AMEMBASSY KIGALI PRIORITY 0369
RUEHKI/AMEMBASSY KINSHASA PRIORITY 2057

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 USUN NEW YORK 001159

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL PHUM XA UNSC CG RW
SUBJECT: MONUC EXTENDED 5 MONTHS; MANDATE CALLS FOR
ENFORCING CONDITIONALITY

1. (SBU) SUMMARY: The Security Council unanimously renewed
MONUC's mandate on December 23 for 5 months, with the
intention to further extend it an additional 12 months.
During Council consultations on December 16, SRSG Doss said
the "Kimia II" operations against the FDLR would end in
December, and would be followed by a more targeted operation,
which included a "clear, hold, build" strategy for former
FDLR territories. Doss warned of the volatility in the
Kivus, and said "warlordism" could return if the GDRC went
after all high-ranking military leaders accused of abuses.
The Council agreed that Protection of Civilians was MONUC's
top priority. USUN solicited views from the top five troop
contributors to MONUC prior to negotiating the new
resolution. END SUMMARY.

MANDATE EXTENDED 5 MONTHS 12, STRONG CONDITIONALITY

2. (SBU) On December 23, the Security Council unanimously
renewed the UN Mission in the DRC's (MONUC) mandate until May
31, 2010, with the intention to extend it for an additional
12 months, under SCR 1906. The mandate prioritizes MONUC's
tasks, in order, as: (1) protection of civilians (PoC); (2)
disarmament, demobilization, repatriation, resettlement, and
reintegration (DDRRR); and (3) security sector reform (SSR).
The mandate, inter alia, conditions MONUC's support to the
DRC army (FARDC) on joint planning, especially regarding the
protection of civilians, and demands that the GDRC take
measures to protect civilians, in furtherance of SCR 1888
(2009).

COUNCIL CONSULTATIONS: KIMIA II TO END THIS MONTH...

3. (SBU) MONUC Special Representative of the Secretary
General (SRSG) Alan Doss told the Council in closed
consultations on December 16 that the MONUC-supported FARDC
"Kimia II" operation against the FDLR would end by December
31. "Kimia II" would be followed by a more targeted phase of
operations, tentatively entitled "Amani Leo," (Swahili for
"Peace Today") to be launched in January. He said MONUC
would assist the FARDC in implementing a "clear, hold, build"
strategy for areas occupied by the FDLR, then implement an
SSR program to build state authority.

...KIVUS COULD "EXPLODE;" IMPUNITY AND BOSCO...

4. (SBU) While Doss acknowledged the need to address
impunity, especially within the FARDC, he cautioned that the
Kivus would "explode" if all military leaders accused of
atrocities were removed from command positions. Doss said
that he feared new militias or rebel groups would form and
"warlordism" could appear. He also noted that International
Criminal Court (ICC) indictee Bosco Ntaganda was surrounding
himself with supporters and might look to break up CNDP
integration if he believed he would be turned over to the
ICC.

...DIFFICULTY IMPLEMENTING MARCH 23 AGREEMENTS

5. (SBU) Doss said the implementation of the March 23 peace
agreements was slowing down. The integration of former CNDP
combatants into the FARDC was not moving forward due to, in
part, the failure to commission CNDP officers and address
rank issues. Doss said additional funding was required to
ensure full implementation of the agreements as well as the
payment of the new FARDC members.

COUNCIL REACTIONS

6. (SBU) French PR Araud emphasized that MONUC withdrawal at
this time risked undermining the stability of the DRC. He
stressed that the Council must prepare for transition, but
MONUC could not leave until the DRC had credible state
authority. Ambassador DiCarlo stressed the need for
accountability at the highest levels of government, and said
that conditioning further UN support on adequate protection
of civilians is critical if MONUC is to maintain its
credibility. Ugandan PR Rugunda seconded DiCarlo's call to
expeditiously complete a comprehensive strategic review of
MONUC. All Council members, including China, agreed PoC was
the top priority for MONUC.

NEGOTIATIONS: CHINA'S UNSUCCESSFUL ATTEMPT TO REPRIORITIZE
MONUC

7. (SBU) During Council negotiations on the mandate text,
China supported prioritizing DDRRR efforts ahead of SSR and
PoC, apparently at the behest of the GDRC. Unified Council

USUN NEW Y 00001159 002 OF 002


opposition convinced China to withdraw its proposal.

USUN OUTREACH TO TOP 5 MONUC TROOP CONTRIBUTORS WARMLY
RECEIVED

8. (SBU) USUN Military Advisors met with the Uruguayan,
Pakistani, and Bangladeshi Military advisors prior to the
renewal of the MONUC mandate, and Poloff met with Indian and
South African poloffs to solicit their views. All five
countries commended the United States on our outreach and for
listening to the TCC's input in the Security Council Working
Group on Peacekeeping. The interlocutors welcomed the U.S.'s
efforts to solicit feedback from those countries charged
with carrying out the mandate. They used the opportunity to
state that MONUC had a very aggressive mandate, but does not
have the resources to carry it out, specifically air and
intelligence assets.

RICE

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