Cablegate: Mission Brazil and Embassy Maputo Propose Trilateral


DE RUEHBR #0042/01 0141823
R 141821Z JAN 10



E.O. 12958: N/A
SUBJECT: Mission Brazil and Embassy Maputo Propose Trilateral
Biotechnology Outreach

REF: 2009 STATE 122732; 2009 MAPUTO 966; 2010 MAPUTO 51

1. SUMMARY: In response to ref A, Embassy Brasilia and
Embassy Maputo jointly request funding for a trilateral seminar on
the benefits of agricultural biotechnology to take place in
Mozambique, featuring speakers from the United States and Brazil.
The United States is a world leader in the area of agricultural
biotechnology. Brazil has embraced the use of biotechnology and
has world-class agricultural research facilities and scientists
(many of whom were trained in the United States). In addition,
Brazil has shown a talent for adapting plants from temperate
climates to tropical ones and, of course, its researchers speak
Portuguese and are familiar with working in a developing country.
As Embassy Maputo noted in ref B, Mozambique views trilateral
cooperation efforts positively and could benefit from U.S. and
Brazilian expertise in agricultural biotechnology. In addition to
promoting science-based regulation and biotech market opportunities
in Mozambique, the proposed seminar would complement existing
trilateral development cooperation efforts and also strengthen
bilateral engagement between the United States and Brazil as well
as between the United States and Mozambique in the important area
of agricultural biotechnology. END SUMMARY.

The Time is Now for Trilateral Cooperation

--------------------------------------------- -------

2. The governments of the United States, Brazil, and
Mozambique have already agreed to trilateral cooperation on public
health and food security. The Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC)
has food security projects in a variety of African nations, and the
Brazilian Corporation for Agricultural Research (Embrapa) has an
office in Ghana and plans for one in Mozambique. In a January 11
meeting with USAID Brasilia, Director of ABC Marco Farani expressed
strong interest in the idea of a trilateral biotechnology seminar,
perhaps as a kick-off event for the broader food security
agreement. Mission Brazil believes that ABC would be willing to
contribute some funding for the proposed seminar, perhaps by
covering travel costs for some of the Brazilian delegation.

3. Mission Brazil, following Washington guidance, has
recently increased efforts as part of an overall strategy to
strengthen biotechnology engagement with Brazil. In March 2009,
Embassy Brazil's Science Section delivered a biotechnology demarche
to multiple Brazilian ministries, setting the stage for an October
2009 visit to Brazil by Dr. Nina Fedoroff, the State Department and
USAID Science and Technology Advisor. During her visit, Dr.
Fedoroff discussed with ABC the potential of joint U.S.-Brazil
efforts to influence the development of biotechnology policies and
acceptance in Africa.

4. Embassy Maputo believes that now is an excellent time
to expand trilateral cooperation, in light of existing efforts,
personal interest from the Brazilian ambassador in Maputo, and the
interest generated by Mozambican President Armando Guebuza's July
2009 visit to Brazil (ref A). As reported in ref C, the government
of Mozambique (GRM) has identified biotechnology as a cross-cutting
technology in its Science, Technology, and Innovation Strategy and
is in the process of defining national biotechnology policy. At
this important time in the development of biotechnology policy in
Mozambique, the proposed seminar will encourage further research
and capacity building, as well as the implementation of
science-based biotechnology regulations.

The Seminar


5. We propose a three-day seminar in Maputo, to include
an opening ceremony, two days of presentations and panel

discussions, opportunities for press engagement, and a site visit.
Presentation topics could include:

--Science-based biotechnology regulatory models

--Biotech to improve productivity in cash and staple crops

--Biotech and the environment

--Biofuels production

--Decreased pesticide use, erosion

--Land efficiency

--Biotech and development


--Nutrition and disease prevention

6. A site visit to an innovative Mozambican agriculture
or research site (such as the One World University, an agricultural
training and research school funded by USDA through ADPP/Humana)
would be beneficial to create opportunities for discussion of how
to apply the issues discussed in the presentations and also to help
foster relationships among participants.

The Participants


7. We propose that the delegations from the United
States, Brazil, and Mozambique consist of a mix of scientists and
policymakers. We would be grateful for advice on the best U.S.
participants. Suggestions for the Brazilian and Mozambican
attendees follow.


--Representatives of the Ministry of Agriculture and the biotech
regulatory body (CTNBio)

--Representatives of ABC and Embrapa



--Representatives of the GRM inter-agency working group on

--Representatives of Ministry of Agriculture

--GRM Agricultural Research Service

--GRM Agricultural Provincial Directorate-Maputo

--Non-profit organizations involved in agricultural development,
such as Technoserve

The Funding


8. For administrative purposes, we propose that EEB
grant funding for the costs related to hosting the seminar in
Mozambique to Embassy Maputo and funding for the costs related to

travel of the U.S. and Brazilian delegations to Embassy Brasilia.
The two embassies would provide a joint report of spending after
the seminar. Approximate costs follow.


--U.S. delegation

USD 4,000/person x 6 participants = USD 24,000

--Embassy Brasilia State Department representative

USD 2,000

(NOTE: USAID Brasilia anticipates sending a representative, as
well, but is not requesting additional funding. END NOTE.)

--Brazilian delegation

USD 2,000/person x 6 participants = USD 12,000

(NOTE: Embassy Brasilia anticipates that some GOB representatives
may decline the offer of travel funding. Brazil is eager to be
approached as a partner, rather than an aid recipient, and may
prefer to fund its own participation. However, we cannot know in
advance which Brazilians will accept funding and believe it is
appropriate to extend the offer. END NOTE.)

Per Diem:

USD 216/day x 5 days x 13 participants = USD 14,040

Conference Costs:

Room rental USD 1,500 / day x 3 days = USD 4,500

Simultaneous interpretation (English-Portuguese) USD 300/day x 3
days = USD 900

Preparation of Written Materials (and Translation) such as banners,
office supplies and invitations = USD 6,400

Transportation USD 250 / day x 3 days = USD 750


9. Mission Brazil and Embassy Maputo hope EEB will
favorably consider this proposal to advance food security
cooperation goals in Africa in trilateral partnership with Brazil.

10. This message has been coordinated with Embassy Maputo.

© Scoop Media

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